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Sexism, heterosexism and sexual harassment in workplace.

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on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Sexism, heterosexism and sexual harassment in workplace.


Hetero-sexism and Sexual Harassment in the Workplace.

What is sexism?
Women are paid 77 cent on the dollar for every dollar a man makes.
According to IWPR, in the first year of work after graduating college, men make $7,600 more than women on average.
Top 10 Most Female Oriented Occupations:
Top 10 Most Male Oriented Occupations:
According to dictionary.com
Sexism is discrimination or devaluation based on a person's sex, as in restricted job opportunities; especially, discrimination directed against women.
According to the joint economic committee report, student loans are a higher percentage of women workers' earnings.
Women face a variety of unconscious stereotypes in the workplace that hold them back, such as: "they don't need more money because they're not the primary breadwinners."
Workplace Sexism:Then and Now
• According to the 2008 National Partnership report, that uptick of pregnancy discrimination is drastically high.
• 65 percent charges of pregnancy discrimination were filed between the 1992 and 2007 fiscal years
The report also revealed that claims by women of color jumped 76 percent between fiscal years 1996 and 2005, accounting for much of the 25 percent increase in pregnancy discrimination allegations during that same period.

Sexual Harassment in the workplace
Between men and women, who do you think experiences sexual harassment more and why?
Why do you think LGBT employees experience sexual harassment more than heterosexual employees?
Prevalence in the United States
Sexual assault occurs every 2 minutes
90% of victims are women
Approx. 73% of victims knew assailant
What is sexual Harassment?
U.S. Office of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in 1980 definition:
Unwelcome sexual advances
Requests for sexual favors
Verbal or physical contact of a sexual nature when:
affects an individual’s employment
interferes with an individuals work performance
Creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment
Example Number 1
Example Number 2
Pregnant Women in Workplace face more discrimination
• Although tolerance and acceptance of the LGBT community has slowly increased, the lives of members are still oppressed and discriminated against in many ways.
• Institutional heterosexism, hate crimes, depression and suicide and substance abuse are example of effects and type of issues LGBT people face.


According to James Madison University, Heterosexism is the assumption that all people are heterosexual and that heterosexuality is superior and more desirable than homosexuality or bisexuality.
Institutional heterosexim is bias built into the operation of society's institutions.
The report also revealed that claims by women of color jumped 76 percent between fiscal years 1996 and 2005, accounting for much of the 25 percent increase in pregnancy discrimination allegations during that same period.
• The employee, a Chinese woman in her 30s who had lived in Australia for seven years, told her bosses that she was pregnant and that she planned to take time off around the time of the birth. She was informed that her job may not be open for her on her return.

• In August 2009, the woman suffered a miscarriage and took sick leave. When she returned to work she was demoted to a job involving primarily manual labor. After she complained and asked for her previous position to be reinstated, the woman was told "many employees resign when they fall pregnant and then stay at home in bed", according to an ombudsman report.
• It’s hard to know exactly what accounts for these discrimination in the workplace, but there are countless cases every year and this suggests that some employers aren’t aware about the obligations under the law or feel at liberty to blatantly violent the law.

• Prohibition of gay marriage, as at now 16 states have legalized same sex marriage while 33 states have banned same sex marriage.
• The “don’t ask don’t tell policy in the military”, individuals are discharged from their duties for disclosing their homosexuality or engaging in homosexual conduct.
• Employment discrimination. A study of employers revealed that 18% would fire a gay individual. 26% would not promote a qualified gay individual.
• Hate Crime Laws, Only 21 states include sexual orientation in their hate crime laws. Onlly 11 states include both sexual orientation and gender identity.
a. Between 1991-2005 there were more than 15,000 reported hate crimes based on sexual orientation
b. In 2009, 18.5% of hate crimes committed in the U.S were based on sexual orientation.
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