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Great Society: 1957-1965

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Jarod Roll

on 8 November 2016

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Transcript of Great Society: 1957-1965

Great Society: 1957-1965

HIS 106
Dr. Roll
Post-war economic boom:
--consumer spending
--more, cheaper credit
--defense spending
--35% of married women working
--cheap oil
1953: CIA help overthrow democratically elected Iranian government; secure 40% of Iranian oil
Per capita income growth:
--$1,500 in 1945
--$3,500 in 1965
Wage growth:
--up 91% between 1945 and 1973
Houses, cars, TVs, air conditioning, other goods
Civil Rights Movement:
--1954 Brown v. Board of Education
--based on NAACP-sponsored cases from the late 1940s
--Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955-56
--Martin Luther King, Jr. emerges
Rosa Parks
Massive Opposition in the South:
--Southern Manifesto, 1956
President Eisenhower supportive:
--US troops to Little Rock Central High School, 1957
--signed Civil Rights Act, 1957 (voting rights)
--National Defense Education Act, 1958
--NASA, 1958
--Stanford Research Park, 1953
--Research Triangle, 1958
Prosperity and equality:
--young people take the lead in Civil Rights Movement
--sit-ins, started in Greensboro, NC, in 1960
--quickly spread throughout the South, college students
--equal access to sites of consumption: stores, lunch counters, swimming pools
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society:
Economic Opportunity Act, 1964
--Head Start, Vista, Pell Grants, Work Study
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 1963
Civil Rights Act, 1964
--outlawed discrimination in public places engaged in interstate commerce, education, employment, and voting rights
--on basis of race and, crucially, gender
--passed over 54-day filibuster by southern Democrats
Voting Rights Act, 1965
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, 1964
Mississippi grows more violent:
--1962 riot against federal troops at Ole Miss
--1963 assassination of Medgar Evers
--1964 murder of three civil rights workers in Neshoba County
Full transcript