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Mesopotamian Empires L2
Transcript of Mesopotamian Empires L2
How did Mesopotamia's first empires develop? Who Was Sargon? Sargon was an ambitious leader who ruled the people of Akkad, known as the Akkadians. Who was Hammurabi? Around 1792 b.c. Hammurabi, the Babylonian king began conquering cities controlled by the Amorites to the north and the south. Hammurabi's Code Hammurabi created a set of laws for his empire. The code dealt with crimes, farming, business, marriage and family- almost every area of life. The code listed a punishment for each crime. Essential Question-
Why does conflict develop? It Matters Because.....
Mesopotamia's empires greatly influenced other civilizations. Hammurabi's Code even influenced the legal codes of Greece and Rome. Empires- A large territory or group of many territories governed by one ruler. Mesopotamia's first empires developed by larger empires taking over smaller empires and land and creating larger empires Sargon united Akkad with Sumer in the region between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. Sargon's Akkadian name, Sharrum-kin means "the true king" His Mesopotamian empire lasted for more than 200 years Hammurabi created the Babylonian empire, stretching north from the Persian Gulf through the Tigris-Euphrates valley and west to the Mediterranean Sea. The Code of Hammurabi was stricter than the old Sumerian laws. The code demanded what became known as "an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth." Progress Check!
Why was Hammurabi's Code important?
Hammurabi's Code was important because it protected the less powerful, like protecting wives from abuse from their husbands. It was ment to limit punishment and do away with blood feuds. The Assyrian Empire The Assyrian Empire arose about 1,000 years after Hammurabi's Empire The Assyrians built a powerful military to defend their hills and fertile valleys. The Assyrian Army Tribute- A payment made to a ruler or state as a sign of surrender. In battle, the troops numbered about 50,000 soldiers The Assyrians robbed people, set crops of fire and destroyed towns. Bridget Doherty This army was made up of infantry, or foot soldiers; cavalry, or horse soldiers; and charioteers. The Assyrians fought with slingshots, bows and arrows, swords, and spears. Kings and Government Assyria was located from the Persian Gulf in the east to the Nile River in the west. The capital was located at Nineveh, along the Tigris River. Provinces- Political Districts The government built roads that connected Assyria's provinces. Soldiers stood guard at stations along the roads to protect traders from bandits. Messengers on government business used these stations to rest and change horses. Life in Assyria The Assyrians had law codes, like Babylon, but their punishments were harsher. They worshipped many of the same gods as the Babylonians did. Assyrians built large temples and palaces filled with wall etchings and statues. They also wrote and collected stories. An ancient Assyrian king named Ashurbanipal built one of the world's first libraries in Nineveh. It held 25,000 tablets of stories and songs to the gods. Progress Check!
Why was Assyria’s army so strong?
Assyria's army was strong because they had many weapons and also made use of iron for tools. Stories of the Assyrian's army spread, and sometimes people were so afraid of the Assyrians that they would surrender to them without a fight. The Chaldean Empire For about 300 years, Assyria ruled the area from the Persian Gulf to Egypt. In about 650 b.c., fighting broke out over who would rule Assyria next With the Assyrians fighting, a group of people called the Chaldeans took over. Guiding Question- Why was Babylon an important city in the ancient world? Guiding Question- How did the Assyrians influence Southwest Asia? A New Empire About 1000 b.c, the Chaldean people moved into southern Mesopotamia. The Assyrian army quickly conquered the small kingdom. The Chaldeans hated their new ruler but were never completely under Assyrian control.. Years later, the Chaldean king Nabopalassar decided to reclaim his kingdom. Later, Nabopolassar and his son Nebuchadnezzar created a new empire. The Greatness of Babylon King Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt Babylon, making it the largest and richest city in the world. The palace had a staircase of planting known as the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. It is one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. These gardens included large trees, flowering vine and other pretty plants. Each spring, the city lined up on the streets to watch as a gold statue of the god Marduk wheeled along the streets. The Chaldeans believed that this god would bring peace to their land. Merchants came to the city with pottery, cloth, baskets and jewelry. The Fall of the Empire After Nebuchadnezzar died, a few weak kinds ruled Babylon. Bad harvest and weak trade made the empire vulnerable. In 539 b.c, the Persians realized of Babylonia's weakness and captured Babylon Progress Check!
Which wonder of the ancent world was located in Babylon?
Hanging Gardens of Babylon.