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The Age of Imperialism

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Micah Shanks

on 13 March 2013

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Transcript of The Age of Imperialism

The Age of Imperialism The Age of Imperialism began in the late 1800s, following the Industrial Revolution. All of the European superpowers including England, France, Germany and Spain initiated the Age of Imperialism.

These European countries began to search for land. They found land rich with resources in Africa. The countries soon colonized Africa in a rush. This rush was called the "scramble for Africa."

European countries also found land rich in resources in Asia. Britain and France were the two countries that colonized the most in Asia. We
need to
colonize
Africa and Asia.. England is
going to
colonize Africa and Asia.
We must gain
power
there as
well. We must introduce the people in Africa and Asia to Christianity. We need
the resources
that Africa offers.
To Africa! After the Industrial Revolution resources, such as synthetics and diamond, were needed to fuel the thriving global economy. The Europeans saw the resources in Africa and quickly colonized areas in Africa for the resources. France began to colonize in West Africa. Most of West Africa was sand and deserts, which provided no resources that could help the French. France held lots of territory, but the territory provided pretty useless. But, France was still able to say that they had claim in Africa, specifically Morocco, Algeria, West Africa, French Equatorial Africa, Tunisia and Madagascar. Britain had claim in all of Africa. Their presence and power was most felt in Africa. Britain had territory scattered all throughout Africa, specifically in Egypt, British East Africa, Nigeria, the Gold Coast and South Africa. Britain had a lasting affect on all Africa, but their affect on Africa is seen in South Africa.

Britain colonized South Africa and in the process moved the native South Africans, or Afrikaners, north into Zulu territory (called the Great Trek.) The Afrikaners rebelled against the British government and a war followed, called the Boer War.

The British won the war, and the Afrikaners joined the British in the Union of South Africa. Other European countries colonized Africa, including Germany, Spain, the Dutch, Belgium and Portugal.

Germany was the most prominent ruler out of these countries, colonizing in German East Africa, South West Africa and Cameroon. As the Mughal Empire declined in India, Britain saw the opportunity to colonize India. The British East India Company began to gain power in India. Soon, British law was installed in India, and British rule was placed over almost the whole subcontinent of India. Britain began to colonize in Asia as well as Africa. Britain had claim in the port of Singapore, Malaysia, Burma and most predominantly in India.

Britain had by far the largest impact on the world during the Age of Imperialism. Britain colonized both in Africa and Asia, and they had the largest claims in both continents. France also had claim in Asia. They mainly controlled territories in Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. They exported different products from these territories, mainly rice. Exporting rice and other foods became a problem because the farmers sold all of their product for export, and they had no food for themselves, which led to hunger. European countries who colonized in Asia and Africa did not colonize politely. They used force, and cause millions of deaths of natives. Micah Shanks
Period 2 There are many factors and reasons that lead the European countries to colonize during the 1800 and 1900s. The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution began a new global economy. In order to support this economy, resources were needed. Synthetics, diamonds, gold and metals were some of the materials needed to help fuel the thriving economies in Europe. The Europeans found these resources in Africa and Asia. Factors for Imperialism Competition Nationalism soon became a popular idea in Europe. Each country wanted to be better than its competitor. One way to show this was by owning more land. Countries colonized and were then able to 'brag' about how much land they owned. Humanitarianism European countries thought that they had a duty to help the less developed countries. They wanted to introduce these countries to Christianity and educate the citizens. Positive Effects of Imperialism New ideas were spread throughout the world
Humanitarians gave less developed nations tools to move forward Negative Effects of Imperialism Civil wars broke out between different tribes after the Europeans left, which killed millions
Genocide was present after the Europeans left, and still can be seen today
Parts of Africa and Asia are still less developed than other countries around the world due to the exploitation by the Europeans
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