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Function of Cases
Transcript of Function of Cases
senex mihi illum equum dedit
This translates as:
The old man gave that horse to me
mihi is the indirect object because the direct object is equum, so mihi is in the dative Accusative The Accusative functions as the direct object in a Latin sentences such as;
Metella videt ancillam
which translates as Metella sees the slave girl where ancillam (ancilla) is in the accusative case because it is the direct object of the sentence. Vocative by Meghana, Taylor, and Rebecca Functions of Cases Words in this case are used as the subject for example
this translates as the dog was walking
Canis is the subject so it is in the nominative The Nominative can also be used as a predicate
Caecilius est pater
is an example of using the Nominative case as a predicate because this sentence translates as Caecilius is the father, and Caecilius comes before the verb to be (est) Now to the next case! Genitive The genitive shows possession in a sentence like in the sentence
Metellae stola est pulchra
which translates as Metella's dress is beautiful where Metella is in the genitive because it is possessing the dress. The dative case is also the object of some special verbs like......... respondo, credo, faveo, and placeo An example of it in a sentence is caecilio placet canis This translates as... The dog pleases caecilius The object of the special verb is caecilius, so it is in the dative The accusative
can also function as the object of a preposition like in the sentence
Metella ambulabat in hortum
which translates Metella was walking into the garden.
the garden is the object of the preposition so it is in the accusative Ablative The ablative case is used as the object of a preposition in a Latin sentence
Caecilius ambulat ex cubiculum
Translates as caecilius was walking out of the bedroom where out (ex) is the preposition and bedroom(cubiculum) is the object of the preposition. The vocative case is a direct address in a latin sentence like
Metella, vene me villa
which translates as Metella, come to my house.
Metella is the direct address because the name Metella doesen't need to be there it is just for clarification. some tricks to help for the nominative you can think of a native because they were the first people in America, the subject is like the first most important thing in a sentence. The genitive is a little harder but try thinking of a generous person because of the -gen in genitive because a generous person has a lot of possessions to give away and the genitive is possessive for the dative think of a date your the object of attention like the object of a special verb
or if your friends go on a date then you might feel like a third wheel or an indirect object The accusative case is the direct object so when someone is accusing you of something you are receiving the action like a direct object The ablative is the object of the prepositions case, so you can remember that the ablative is able to go anywhere like out of the house, or up the street The vocative is really easy to remember
the vocative is the direct address so when you call someone you use vocal cords to speak......or you could just remember that the Latin work for call is vocat.