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Families Through The Ages

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by

Ahsan Ali

on 7 March 2011

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Transcript of Families Through The Ages

Families Throughout The Ages Hunter Gatherer Agricultural Early Industrial Contemporary Social Institutions Production and Distribution Woman were responsible for gathering fruits, nuts, grains, herbs, and small prey
Woman learned how to use plants for medical purposes
Men were hunters and toolmakers
Men left for long periods of time to hunt, as they pursued animals for days in order to capture and kill them easier Affective Nurturance Woman were responsible for nurturing young children Behaviour Control They were soft and calm with children
The reason being that children were a labour force and they didn't want to risk harming them Socialization of Children Children had to learn about the species they could hunt
How to make weapons to hunt certain species
How to navigate, build huts, make fires, cook, protect from predators, weather change, treat wounds and diseases
Played almost everyday until their late teens, they incorperate what they observe into their play Men- Crafted tools of hunting such as bows and arrows, blowguns and darts, snares or nets

Woman- Get roots, tuber, nuts, seeds, and fruits New Member Considered very important, the more kids, the more people on the hunt, and gathering Production and Distribution All the members of the fmaily were expected to work as soon as they were able to
Child labour wasn't uncommon
Children worked in primary resource factories, mines, rail roads, and farms
People justified child labour because it was needed to help the family survive, and education was considered a luxury Affective Nurturance The mother cared for the children as the father was busy at work
Cared for them until they were able to workk Disciplined by any means neccesary usually physical
Disciplined by parents and by the people they worked for Socialization As soon as children were able to work they were sent to work
They took on adult roles very quickly
School was considered a luxury Everyone provided financial help
Mother fully engaged in child rearing and house keeping, how ever sometimes they did work from home New Members Very important as this was an economic neccesity
Not all children lived until adulthood Production and Distribution Dual income families
Either parent can work
Young adults sometimes work to spend on themselves or sometimes assist parents
Affective Nurturance Mother or father stay home to take care of the kids
Daycares and baby sitters are playing an increasing role as both parents are sometimes working Behaviour Control Done phsychologically though punishments and rewards also known as conditioning
Physical discipline is very rare Physical Care and Maintenance Behaviour Control Physical Care and Maintenance Socialization of Children Children are sent into kindergarten as soon as they are old enough
School is available to every single individual
Social institutions play a great role in socializing
Youth are having alot of free time to enjoy the things they like Addition of A New Member Society adds new members through immigration
Families depend on reproduction but also adapt , and have blended families Production and Distribution
- Consumer style family where men are main bread winners, and woman are house wifes
- Children also work and sometimes provided for the family Affective Nurture
- Mother takes care of kids
- Older siblings can also keep care of the children Behaviour Control - Avoid resorting physical contact most times
- Both parents discipline the children
- Disciplined mostly through methods of punishments (positive or negative punishment) Socialization of Children
Family - foundation of all civilized behaviour
School - is highly encouraged and even Mandatory
Media lifestyles - around the age of two or three, children in our society first encounter the media as an agent of socialization
Peers - interactions with friends throughout lives Physical Care and Maintenance
- The chores around the house are usually split between the two parents
- Children also help out with the maintenance
- Both parents help with taking care of kids as well as the siblings do Addition of New Member - New members are always welcomed
- Helpful to society
Physical Care and Maintenance Chores are split among the whole family
Both parents assist in some way to take care of children Production and Distribution
- Men were the single income source
- Production was mainly done on the farms
- Men and children were responsible for the labour work
- Trade of agricultural goods was common
- Child Labour was common
- Women were planting, sowing, reaping etc.
- Women would also helping out at the harvest, reaping or gathering the corn Affective Nurture
- Women cared for the kids
- Father took care after they were able to work on the farms Socialization of Children
- Boys were taught how to farm and do fieldwork

- Girls were taught how to spin wool or flax into thread and weaving into cloths Addition of New Member - Families were large
- A new member was great help in the farm
- More hands meant more work which resulted into more food Behaviour Control
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