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Gender Roles

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Kylee Katsumata

on 21 February 2013

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Transcript of Gender Roles

Thesis List ~Although characters in A Game of Thrones predominately adopt rigid gender roles that are were followed during medieval times, the novel reflects the diversification of gender roles that was prominent in the 1990's, when people were more accepting of differing gender roles. Masculinity Femininity - Dominant
- Powerful
- Brave
- Strong-willed
- Hard-hearted
- Traditional authority figure Question Answers For the most part, femininity and masculinity are depicted in a way that a medieval setting would call for. A more dominant male figure and more submissive female figure are depicted in Westeros. There are, however, many exceptions to this in the novel. ~George R.R. Martin constructed the characters in A Game of Thrones around a backdrop reinforcing gender roles, reflecting those of the period the text was created, as a form of pathos. Historical Context: 1990's Masculinity: Proof Femininity: Proof Who Breaks Convention? Sources "You will marry a high lord and rule his castle." (Episode 4, Ned to Arya) "From that day, Lord Randyll ignored Sam, devoting all his time to the younger boy, a fierce, robust child more to his liking." (Martin 268) - Arya
- Samwell
- Cersei
- Catelyn
- Chella
- Varys
- Maege and Dacey Mormont Kylee Katsumata
Joshua Navarrete
Monica Roche
Christopher Tran " 'He wants you to smile and smell sweet and be his lady love,' the Hound rasped. "He wants to hear you recite all your pretty little words the way the septa taught you. He wants you to love him...and fear him.' " (Martin, 744) -Different depiction between mediums reflect different standards: When Ned asks Cersei if Robert has hit her before, Cersei confirms it in the novel, while the TV show denies it, a reflection of more modern values.

-Anti-war sentiment and equality movement challenged American masculinity (Journal of Marriage and Family) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1741-3737/issues

("Men and Monsters")

(Journal on Women's Studies)
http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/3174606.pdf?acceptTC=true Why do you think GRRM added so many characters that defied convention in a world where convention rules? (Before Robert slaps Cersei) "How many times must I tell you to hold your tongue, woman?" (Martin 429) A quick clip before hand... Consequences of Defying Gender Roles Overview “[Samwell was] dressed in his mother’s clothing and [was] paraded…through the bailey to shame him into valor.” (Martin 268) Masculinity
Staying in Convention
Breaking Convention
Historical Context
Discussion We'll be going through the following... Gender Roles in Westeros Convention Breakers: Proof Things such as sewing are called, "womanly arts." (Martin 68) "One of [Robb's] companions was even a woman: Dacey Mormont, Lady Maege’s eldest daughter and heir to Bear Island, a lanky six-footer who had been given a morningstar at an age when most girls were given dolls. Some of the other lords muttered about that, but Catelyn would not listen to their complaints. “This is not about the honor of your houses,” she told them. “This is about keeping my son alive and whole.” (Catelyn X) In Westeros, you are openly ridiculed as a freak or a social outcast. Unless one is of high power or blood, one may be left to your own devices because one doesn't fit the accepted, 'norm.' Defying the roles usually leaves you at the mercy of someone more powerful. Those who don't assume traditional gender roles are frowned down upon. -“by 1996, attitudes and behaviors [regarding female gender roles] were more concordant, with most respondents expressing more approving views of women’s dual roles.” (The Journal of Marriage and Family)

- With masculinity in a "crisis" in reality. the show was made particularly masculine to make up for it to create masculine power v. feminine. Those who break convention tend to be those with traits that different from a character's given gender, such as a woman seeking leadership roles. Because the context of the A Game of Thrones book and the television series Game of Thrones are different - one being written in the 1990s and the other twenty years later - gender role depiction changes. -Mass media of feminism => proliferation resulting in organizational challenges and ambiguous identity of feminism

- The show became more, 'masculine,' because that is the supposed audience on top of the fact of the downfall of censorship and the rise of private television Example ("What Does it Mean to be a Man?")
http://www.doctornerdlove.com/2012/04/to-be-a-man/all/1/ Dothraki (and Westerosi) glorification of killing Just as a side note? Maybe present? :/
Note that there is a difference between taking action and committing violence. There is a slim borderline where killing is justifiable and rightly masculine and when it is flat out barbaric. Killings that are noble in origin, such as revenge, is considered a justifiable reason for many things, including war - King Baratheon based his rebellion off the fact the woman he loved was kidnapped and raped, thus making it noble for him to go off and have the Targaryeons all brutally slaughtered, as Alyssa Rosenburg pointed out in in work, "Men and Monsters" on page 18. Westerosi folk consider the Dothraki more barbaric, especially since they plunder and slaughter not only their enemies, but each other (Martin 103). (When Arya couldn't sew correctly.) "Everyone was looking at her. It was too much. Sansa was too well-bred to smile at her sister's disgrace, but Jeyne was smirking on her behalf. Even Princess Myrcella looked sorry for her. "(Martin 70) (The Masculine Mystique)
http://www.oup.com/us/pdf/kimmel/Chapter8.pdf Hi, I'm going to post what I have for the handout so far. It's just a rough summary of the presentation :(. If you have any ideas please add/tell. Also, I shamelessly copied one of the other groups template...

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B71ClT5enI5NVTMyZk1OVnh5azQ/edit?usp=sharing - Submissive
- Emotionally sensitive
- Passive
- Weak
- Obedient
- Have a fondness of the Arts (music, literature, sewing etc.) How would the novel be affected if female characters who followed traditional gender roles, such as Sansa, took a more dynamic role in the novel, like the willful Arya and the powerful Daenerys? (Like in the video?) Which death do you think could have possibly been averted if females stood up and spoke up? Discussion
Questions! . . ) Thanks for watching! Chella collecting ears
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