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Transcript of Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt Geography: Egypt is located on the continent of Africa Egyptian Art: General Observations
Very conservative. (didn’t like change)
Egyptian Art developed between 3000 BCE and 500 BCE. (Before Current Era)
Egypt’s history divided into ‘dynasties’ of its ruling families.
Egyptian kings were called ‘Pharaohs’.
Religion based on an Afterlife, which the real world was merely a path to. The Sphinx:
Body of a lion,
head of the king or queen whose tomb it was protecting Columns
In time became very elaborate.
Copying images from nature (ie trees)
Buildings became more of an art than simply a place to live. How We Know...
Some knowledge comes from the Greeks who also lived during this time.
All Egyptian writing in hieroglyphics. (Pictures)
The ‘Rosetta Stone’ was unearthed by a French soldier under Napoleon’s command in 1799.
Enabled translations to occur. Ancient Egyptian Religion
The spirit was called the ‘ka’ which had to inhabit a ‘vessel’. This led to mummification.
If you were rich, your possesions went with you, including pets.
To protect against grave robbers, tombs became very elaborate. Spiritual Guidance
Before being put into the coffin, the mummy had many spells cast on it from The Book of the Dead.
This prepared the deceased for judgment before Anubis.
Anubis,the Jackal Headed god,
had a pet chimera which would
devour your soul if you were
judged unworthy. Development of the Pyramids (Part 1)
Started off as a simple slab over a shallow pit called a mastaba.
Air and food delivered to the ka by a human headed bird called the ‘ba’. Development of the Pyramid (Part 2)
As more tombs were defiled, they began to stack mastabas until they resembled a pyramid shape. Development of the Pyramid
With more power and wealth, the pyramids were built with smooth sides and a cap at the top. Origin of the word: Pyramid
Greeks first saw them and thought they were impressive. They also thought the purpose of the pyramids was silly.
The Greeks called them pyramis or ‘little cakes’. om nom nom Palette of Narmer
An official document showing the Pharaoh (Narmer) punishing his enemies.
Narmer is the largest (and most important). Others are smaller depending on status. Mycerinus and his Queen
Called ‘cubic’ because it is rigid.
Figures with one foot forward. Looking straight ahead. Art Style
Profile of the face with a ‘frontal eye’ and shoulders facing the viewer.
Both feet facing forward. Hands always the same
Men’s skin darker than women.
Women portrayed ideally and in dresses.
‘Cartouches’ (names) Hieroglyphics
There were over 700 characters in their language, we have 26 (A-Z)
The only people who could write were specially trained scribes. They needed to be not only able to write but draw because hieroglyphics were like pictures. (Pictographs) The End