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Transcript of Ancient Egypt
Geography: Egypt is located on the continent of
Egyptian Art: General Observations
Very conservative. (didn’t like change)
Egyptian Art developed between 3000 BCE and 500 BCE. (Before Current Era)
Egypt’s history divided into ‘dynasties’ of its ruling families.
Egyptian kings were called ‘Pharaohs’.
Religion based on an Afterlife, which the real world was merely a path to.
Body of a lion,
head of the king or queen whose tomb it was protecting
Copying images from nature (ie trees)
Buildings became more of an art than simply a place to live.
How We Know...
Prehistoric meant before writing
All Egyptian writing in hieroglyphics. (Pictures)
The ‘Rosetta Stone’ was unearthed by a French soldier under Napoleon’s command in 1799 which enabled translations to occur.
Ancient Egyptian Religion
The spirit was called the ‘ka’ which had to inhabit a body. This led to mummification.
If you were rich, your possesions went with you, including pets.
To protect against grave robbers, tombs became very elaborate.
Development of the Pyramids (Part A)
Started off as a simple slab over a shallow pit called a mastaba.
Air and food delivered to the ka by a human headed bird called the ‘ba’.
Development of the Pyramid (Part B)
As more tombs were looted, they began to stack 'mastabas' until they resembled a pyramid shape.
Development of the Pyramid
With more power and wealth, the pyramids were built with smooth sides and a cap at the top.
Origin of the word: Pyramid
Greeks first saw them and thought they were impressive. They also thought the purpose of the pyramids was silly.
The Greeks called them pyramis or
Palette of Narmer
An official document showing the Pharaoh (Narmer) punishing his enemies.
Narmer is the largest (and most important). Others are smaller depending on status.
Mycerinus and his Queen
Called ‘cubic’ because it is rigid.
Figures with one foot forward. Looking straight ahead.
Side view of the face
shoulders facing the viewer.
Both feet facing forward.
‘Cartouches’ (figure's names)
There were over 700 characters in their language
, we have 26 (A-Z)
The only people who could write were specially trained scribes. They needed to be not only able to write but draw because hieroglyphics were like pictures. (Pictographs)