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AP English Language and Composition
Transcript of AP English Language and Composition
110 literary devices- defined with examples
Walt Whitman's "O Me, O Life!"
Discuss A Lesson Before Dying and Socratic Seminar
A Lesson Before Dying Test
Monday- Get vocabulary terms
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
"City Upon a Hill"
Project/Presentation of The Crucible
Wednesday-Vocabulary homework due
Continue reading The Crucible
Active Voice Essay
Present Crucible Project
Character Analysis Essay (Crucible VS Gatsby)
Test on The Crucible
110 literary device cards due with terms, definitions, and examples
Analyzing Media Rhetoric: MSNBC VS FOX NEWS
Section in your binder
A Lesson Before Dying
Small Post-it notes
Note Cards & Portfolio
What is rhetoric?
-"I hear rhetoric coming from politicians all the time!"
A wonderful story about Calvin Coolidge illustrates how rhetoric is in everything. Coolidge, the thirtieth president of the United States, was famous for his laconic wit. One Sunday morning, reporters were waiting outside a church where the president was attending services. When he emerged, a reporter asked, “What was the sermon about, Mr. President?” Coolidge replied, “Sin.” The reporter persevered: “What did the preacher say about sin, Mr. President?” “He’s against it,” Coolidge said. Media commentators would have us believe that Coolidge’s texts here—amounting to four words—contained no rhetoric. Absolutely untrue: Coolidge’s two comments were full of rhetoric, totally dominated by the textual features he had specifically chosen to use, making his text meaningful, purposeful, and effective. His monosyllabic diction was perfectly appropriate for the no-nonsense persona he always tried to portray. The crisp, clipped rhythm of his response forcefully underlined the simplicity of his message—and probably, coincidentally, informed the reporters that their superficial questions were a bit silly and his answers to them were none of their business.
Aristotle's 5 canons of Rhetoric
A richer definition goes something like this: rhetoric refers to the art of finding and analyzing all the choices involving language that a writer, speaker, reader, or listener might make in a situation so that the text becomes meaningful, purposeful, and effective for readers or listeners.
The traditional five canons of rhetoric:
1. Invention: How do writers generate their ideas so that they are most effective for the audience?
2. Arrangement: What principles of order, structure, or organization do writers use that will lead to an effective text for the audience?
3. Style: What choices do writers make with sentences and words so the text will be most effective for the audience?
4. Memory: In earlier eras, how might writers commit their text to memory; now, how might writers tap into the “cultural memory” of their audience?
5. Delivery: How do writers get their texts to the audience—in a traditional paper, on the Internet, with graphics and hot links, and so on?
-Vocabulary- Mon: receive terms, Wed: HW due, Fri: test over terms
-Bellringer- complete the directions written/projected on the board
-Essay portfolios- Reflection essay
-Absent- get missed work and turn it in to the appropriate box
-Literary Terms- should be kept on a ring and written on index cards; keep with you at all times.
-Remind 101: text 81010
message A: @apgro
message B: @apgroupb
-Turnitin.com- Plagiarism/copying/cheating will not be tolerated
-Will be using google classroom
-AP extra resources: apstudent.collegeboard.org
First, understand that this is a college-level course. Maturity is a must.
Reading, analyzing and writing are the major emphasis.
We will be reading numerous non-fiction works and some fiction.
Good analyzing and writing skills come from practice. We will read every day and write essay responses at least twice a week.
You should have already read A Lesson Before Dying and
The Great Gatsby
To refresh your writing skills, READ: THE ELEMENTS OF STYLE BY STRUNK AND WHITE http://www.bartleby.com/141/strunk.html#1
I ALWAYS AIM FOR MY CLASSES TO HAVE LOTS OF FUN WHILE STILL LEARNING –THAT MEANS LOTS OF HARD WORK!!
I'm excited to have you in my classroom!
You will be successful this year
You will be ready for your senior year and college!
We will work A LOT on your writing skills, particularly essays
Always come to see me before school or after if you have concerns or problems.
Passing an AP course can save you $$$$$$$!
In the rhetoric course students learn how to analyze, synthesize, and evaluate nonfiction texts essays, biographies, speeches, sermons, and passages from writings in the arts, history, social sciences, politics, and science. Students learn to evaluate and construct arguments drawn from articles in newspapers, magazines, and online sources. The course explores visual media, including advertising and the Web. Students construct arguments drawn from their own observation, experience, and reading; they learn to synthesize as a result of their own research opportunities; and they learn to analyze arguments both for their appeals and for the contexts in which these arguments appear.
Looking for rhetoric in Ads and Poetry
O Me! O Life!
BY WALT WHITMAN
Oh me! Oh life! of the questions of these recurring,
Of the endless trains of the faithless, of cities fill’d with the foolish,
Of myself forever reproaching myself, (for who more foolish than I, and who more faithless?)
Of eyes that vainly crave the light, of the objects mean, of the struggle ever renew’d,
Of the poor results of all, of the plodding and sordid crowds I see around me,
Of the empty and useless years of the rest, with the rest me intertwined,
The question, O me! so sad, recurring—What good amid these, O me, O life?
That you are here—that life exists and identity,
That the powerful play goes on, and you may contribute a verse.
Essay Homework: Write an expository essay that explains to me what your “verse” will be in this “play” called life. This is a personal essay about what you will contribute to this world; what your past, present, and future will look like.
Since this is a personal essay, you can use personal pronouns--SPARINGLY. Use them to bring your audience into your essay (for effect); don’t overuse them.
Make sure to have an introduction with a clear thesis statement, body paragraphs with transitions and evidence, and a conclusion.
Papers should ALWAYS be typed in MLA format. Use OWL Purdue as a resource for formatting.
Along with your essay, create a 10 line poem that answers the same question: “What will your verse be?”
This is your chance to be creative and use the literary devices employed by great authors (imagery, colorful diction, simile, metaphor, assonance, allusions, tone, etc.)
Like Whitman’s poetry, there is no formal format that you must employ for your poem. Make sure that it flows, but you do not have to have a specific rhyme scheme or stanza format. It must be at least 10 lines, but it can also be longer.
Poems and Essays should correlate with one another. They should essentially share the same central idea except your essay should use clear and precise language, while your poem uses abstract literary devices.
This will be one of our only narrative essays and creation of poetry
I want to know who you are/who you want to be
Think DEEP THOUGHTS; be thought provoking