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Parts of Speech

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Emily Childers

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Parts of Speech

Expresses action or a state of being and is necessary to make a statement.
ex: She ran by them all. (ran)
Parts of Speech
Person, Place, Thing or Idea.

Concrete: names an object that occupies space or can be recognized by any of the senses.

Abstract: an idea, quality, or characteristic.
a word or phrase added to a noun for descriptive purposes.
-includes: a, an, or the

Shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to some other word in the sentence.
ex: The bus stopped by the school. By would be the preposition.
Proper: Specific person, place, or thing.

Common: People, places, or things in general.

Collective: Names a group.

Reflexive: refers to another
Takes the place of a noun, a group of words acting like a noun.
Used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
Answer the questions: How? When? Where? and To what degree?
Intensive: adds emphasis to a noun or another pronoun.

Relative: to begin a special subject-verb word group called a subordinate clause.

Demonstrative: points out specific persons, places, things, or ideas.

Indefinite: refers to persons, places, things, or ideas in a more general way than does a personal pronoun.
Compound Preposition: a preposition that is made up of more than one word
Object of the Preposition: phrase that begins with a preposition and usually ends with a noun or a pronoun.
Action Verb
Transitive Verb
An action verb that is followed by a word or words that answer the question what? or whom?
Intransitive Verb
An action verb that is not followed by a word that answers the question what? or whom?
Tells what someone or something else.
Linking Verb
Links, or joins, the subject of a sentence with a word or expression that identifies or describes the subject.
Verb Phrases
Consists of main verb and all its auxiliary verbs.
Jill will have finished by then. (will have finished)
Auxiliary Verbs
Words that accompany the main verb, or helping verbs.
Joins single words or groups of words.Include and, but, or, nor, for and yet.
Example: Dog, house, store, Brandie, Emily, and Taitum.
Proper Adjective
Formed from a proper noun and begins with a capital letter.
Coordinating Conjunction
Joins words or groups of words that have equal grammatical importance.
Conjunctive Adverb
Used to clarify the relationship between clauses of equal weight in a sentence.
Example: Our family ate Chinese food. (Chinese)
Example: This is where Tyler lives. (Tyler)
Personal Pronoun
Refers to a specific person or thing by indicating the person speaking (the first person), the person being addressed (the second person), or any other person or thing being discussed (the third person).
Possessive Pronoun
Shows possession or control, it takes the place of a possessive noun.
Reflexive Pronoun
Refers to a noun or another pronoun and indicates that the same person or thing is involved.

Example: She makes her own clothes.
Singular Noun
Names one person place or thing.
Possessive Noun
Noun that claims possession.
Plural Noun
Names more than one person, place, or thing.
Example: The boy had run quickly home.
Quickly would be the adverb.
Example: Ellie ate the cake. (ate)
Example: The sound of singing birds make one's spirits rise. (sound)
Example: Hate is a dangerous emotion. (hate)
Example: The visitors were amazed
at the structure of the building.
Example: People come to America to admire the country's beauty.
(country's beauty)
Example: The village people lived in the valley. (valley)
Example: The superintendent added new school policies this year. (superintendent)
Example: The Air Force squadron flew over the Olympic Field. (squadron)
Example: Pedro presented himself in the award. (himself)
Example: She makes her own clothes.
Example: Pedro himself presented the award. (himself)
Example: Sara presented herself the award. (herself)
Example: These are the days that try men's souls. (these)
Example: Do you really believe that nobody is coming. (nobody)
Example: Bill has large feet. (large)
Example: He fought the bad guys. (fought)
Example: He fought for recognition. (fought)
Example: Tyron is handsome. (is)
Example: Jill will have finished by then.
(will have finished)
Example: I am ready for this semester to be over. (am)
Correlative Conjunction
Works in pairs to join words and groups of words of equal importance.
Subordinating Conjunctions
Joins a dependent idea or clause to a main clause.
Example: Bob and Beth are getting married.
Example: The lightning flashes, yet I hear no thunder. (yet)
Example: Whether you send a printout or bring the desk in person, the data must be there by noon. (whether...or)
Example: Carlos called before you arrived.
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