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future Tenses

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marah billeh

on 30 March 2014

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Transcript of future Tenses

Future Simple:
Present Continuous and Present Simple
The present continuous is used for fixed arrangement in the near future.
(He
is meeting
a guy tomorrow who sells hedgehogs .)


Present simple is used with a future meaning when we refer to programs or timetables (trains,buses,etc.)
(The hedgehog show
starts
in 10 minutes.)

Future forms are:
Future Forms
Will/ Shall:

Future simple
Be going to
Present simple
Present continuous
Will/shall
Future continuous
Future perfect
Future perfect continuous
Future Tenses
We use the future simple
(will+bare infinitive)
for:
Decisions made at the moment of speaking.
(The dolphins seem hungry. I
will go
and feed them.)

Promises,threats,warnings,requests,hopes,and offers.
(
Will
you drive me to the dolphins show?)

Actions, events, situations which will definitely happen in the future and which we cant control.
( Our youngest dolphin
will be
2 months old in May.)
Predictions about the future, based on what we think, believe or imagine,using the verb
think, believe, expect
, etc, the expressions
be sure, be afraid,
etc, and the adverbs
probably, certainly, perhaps,
etc.
(I
believe
she
will
not feed the dolphins tomorrow because she is afraid of them.)
Future Continuous
To talk about the past from a point in the future it is equivalent of the present perfect with the reference point in the future.The present perfect looks back from now: The future perfect looks back from the future.

Form:-
Future perfect simple
:
Will have
+ past participle
I
'll have finished
. etc.
Future perfect continuous: Will have been
+ present participle.
I
'll have been working
. etc.
Future Perfect Simple and Continuous
Be going to
Be going to form is : be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive
The uses :
For plans, intentions, or ambitions we have for the future.
(
She's going to
buy a horse when she is 16.)
Predictions based on what we can see or what we know, especially when there is evidence that something will happen.
(This horse is ahead, it
s going to
win.)
Actions we have already decided to do in the near future.
(We are
going to
move the horse to a new stable next month.)

Note!
We use '
will'
when we make a prediction based on what we think believe or imagine.
We use '
be going to'
when we make a prediction based on what we can see (evidence) or know.
Be going to:
Affirmative: I
am
/ you
are
/ he
is
etc.
going to
visit the stable.
Negative : I
'm not
/ you
aren't
/ he
isn't
etc.
going to
visit the stable
Interrogative:
Am
I/
are
you/
is
he etc.
going to
visit the stable?
short answers:
Yes
, I
am
/ you
are
/ he
is
etc.
No
, I
'm not
/ you
aren't
/ he
isn't
etc.
We use the future continuous (will be+verb -ing)
For actions which will be in progress at a stated future time.
(I'm going to the pet shop. This time next week
I'll be holding
a kitten.)
For actions which will definitely happen in the future as the result of a routine or arrangement.
(I
will be going
to my grandmothers house with my cat in a week.)
When we ask politely about someone's plans for the near future.
(
Will
you
be planning
to take your cat to a vet?)
Future Continuous
Future Perfect Simple and Continuous
Use:
We use the future perfect simple to say that, at a certain time in the future,something will be completed and be in the past.It is often used
by +
time reference:
(I
'll have finished
this book (How To Raise A Hamster)
by tomorrow.
)
(I
'll have told
her the news about the hamster
by the time you get here.
)

We use the future perfect simple and continuous with
for
to talk about the duration of an activity or state up to a time in the future.
(We
'll have bought
the hamster
for 2 years
in October.)
(The hamster
will have been
sleeping
for 2 hours soon
.)
We use the future perfect continuous to describe an activity leading up to a time in the future.
(The hamster might be tired
when you see him
because he
'll

have been rolling
on the 'tread-wheel' all day.)

Bibliography
Evans, Virginia, and Neil O'Sullivan. Click on 2. Newbury: Express Pub., 2002. Print.
Evans, Virginia, and Jenny Dooley. Upstream: Proficiency. Newbury: Express, 2005. Print.
Walker, Elaine, and Steve Elsworth. Grammar Practice for Upper Intermediate Students: With Key. Harlow: Longman, 2000. Print.
Evans, Virginia, and Jenny Dooley. Enterprise 1: Beginner: Coursebook. Newbury, Berkshire: Express, 2002. Print.
Dooley, Jenny, and Virginia Evans. Grammarway. Swansea: Express Pub., 1999. Print.
"Future Tenses - Exercises." - Lingolia English. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"GRAMMAR." English Grammar. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
"English Grammar and Exercises for ESL Learners." Future Tense of English Verbs . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
"GRAMMAR." English Grammar. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
We Use:
Shall I/ We...?
1) T
o make an offer.
(
Shall I
help you with feeding the dog?)
2)
To make a suggestions.
(
Shall we
wait until the rain stops so we can take the dog for a walk?)
3) T
o ask for suggestions or instruction.
(What
shall I
do with all the dog food?,' hide them away'.)
Exercise
1) She her aunt. (to visit)
2) I my homework after school. (to do)
3) We a new computer game. (to play)


Answer
1) is going to visit.
2) am going to do.
3) are going to play.

Exercise
1) I go to the movie tomorrow.

2) My parents visit my uncle next week.

3) The teacher teach history next time.

4) We play games in the playground.
Answer
1) Shall
2) Will
3) Will
4) Shall
choose will or shall:
Type in the verbs in the future I (going to)
We Use:
Will you...?
to make a request; that is, to ask someone to do something for us.

(
Will you
help me with grooming the dog's hair, please?)
Won't:
to show that someone is unwilling or refuses to do something.
(I've talked to Marah about adopting a dog, but she
won't
listen.)
The traditional rule in standard British English is that
'shall'
is used with first person pronouns (i.e. I and we) to form the future tense, while
'will'
is used with second and third person forms (i.e. you, he, she, it, they). For example:
(
I shall
be late with the dog's bed.)
(
They will
not have enough food to feed the dog.)
However, when it comes to expressing a strong determination to do something, the roles are reversed:
'will'
is used with the first person, and '
shall'
with the second and third. For example:
(
I will
not accept the dog's behavior.)
(
You shall
go and take the dog for a walk!)
'Shall'
can be used more frequently in formal written than in informal written or spoken English.
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