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Latin America - History and Culture

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HECTOR GUZMAN

on 5 February 2015

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Transcript of Latin America - History and Culture

SPAIN
Latin America - History and Culture

Indigenous = native
Indigenous Civilizations

The Maya, Inca, and Aztecs formed empires in the Western Hemisphere and were the original “Americans.”

Cultural:
Polytheism – worship more than one god

Economic:
Trade networks throughout the empire

Political:
Organized into city-states – cities that operate like an independent country

City-states each had a powerful ruler

Social:
Developed the calendar we currently use throughout the world.
Developed a ball game
Cultural:
Polytheism

Economic:
Extensive, complex road system
Trade network throughout the empire

Social:
Engineering Skills
Math

Political:
All areas were consolidated under one powerful ruler

Power was effectively maintained through the road system, which allowed communication
Cultural:
Polytheism
Human sacrifice

Economic:
Trade network throughout the empire


Political:
Central urban area (Tenochtitlan) that housed the government

Single ruler that managed the city-states

Social:
Engineering Skills
Math

watch video https://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/worldhistory/mayacivilization/
watch video: https://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/worldhistory/incacivilization/
Watch Video:https://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/worldhistory/azteccivilization/
Columbus lands in America
Portugal
Why do people in Brazil speak Portuguese?

Look at the map and think about the languages of Spain and Portugal.


Colonization and Conquest

The Spanish and Portuguese first enslaved the indigenous people of the Americas.
But too many of them died, so the Spanish and Portuguese turned to the coast of Africa for workers

The Spanish and Portuguese first enslaved the indigenous people of the Americas.

Colonization
and Conquest

Effects of Colonization

Trade
Columbian Exchange


The Line of Demarcation
divides the Western Hemisphere. Eastern half gave Portugal the right to colonize and the Western half belonged to Spain for colonization.
Effects of Colonization

European Colonization spread the Latin-based religion, languages, and cultural practices throughout Central and South America

Watch Video:https://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/worldhistory/columbianexchange/
Spain
1492
The European languages mixed with the indigenous languages of the Maya, Inca, Aztec, and other groups and the Spanish of Latin America does vary from European Spanish.
Europe developed multiple export economies throughout Latin America that still exist today such as:
Oil in Venezuela
beef in Argentina
sugar from the Caribbean islands
coffee from Columbia
Economy
Maquiladoras
American Factories located just over the border in Mexico.
They make substantial profits because of cheap labor.

1/3 of what they would have to pay an American worker
Coriolis effect:
Full transcript