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Main Idea, Title, Text Structure, Evidence

Determine the Main Idea of a Text Passage by Recognizing Author's Text Structure
by

Michael Christmas

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of Main Idea, Title, Text Structure, Evidence

Main Idea
Main Idea
Sentence
The text explains how to make a Valentine's Day Card
Title
Handmade and Heartfelt
Text
Structure
Process
Writing
Evidence of:
Process
Writing
1. Get thick resume paper or cardstock.
2. Fold in half.
3. Draw imagery of love
or
clip pictures.
4. If markers are used, don't let them bleed through.
5. Lastly, write a poem or heartfelt statement on the inside and you're done.
Passage
There are many thoughtful ways to express your love for another person without spending money: you could write a song or cook a meal, but perhaps the best way to express yourself is to create a card. Creating a card is easy if you have the proper materials. Get yourself some nice, thick resume paper on cardstock and fold it in half. Draw some imagery of love on the front of the card; if you're not good at drawing, you can clip out pictures. If you decide to use markers, be careful not to let them bleed through the paper and ruin the other side. Lastly, write a poem or heartfelt statement on the inside to your beloved, and you are done. Now isn't that a much better way to express your love than a rose from the gas station?
Read each passage and on a separate sheet of paper...
1)
Write
a
sentence
explaining the
main idea
of the text.
2)
Write
a
title
for the passage related to the main idea.
3.
Identify
the
text structure
the author is using.
4.
Give

examples
of the
text structure.
Cause and Effect

Writing
Chronological

Writing
Compare and Contrast

Writing
Sequence/Process

Writing
Problem and Solution

Writing
Spacial/Descriptive

Writing
Text Structures:
Directions:
Passage

Some people think that some holidays celebrating love are nothing but clever ploys by marketers to get consumers to buy candy, flowers, and stuffed animals, but who cares? In America, we celebrate two love-themed holidays:
Valentine's Day
and
Sweetest Day
.
Valentine's Day
is celebrated in winter, while
Sweetest Day
is celebrated in fall.
Valentine's Da
y
is more focused on bringing lovers together, while
Sweetest Day
is for all of the friends, relatives, and associates whose kindness we've enjoyed. Both occasions, however, are great times to remember what's most important:
the people whom we care about.
Main Idea
Main Idea
Sentence
This text is about the differences and simi-larities of
Valentine's Day
and
Sweetest Day.
Title
Love: For One
or
For All
Text
Structure
Compare and Contrast
Writing
Evidence of:
Compare & Contrast
Writing
Compare
Both
are
love-themed
holidays (Two).
(Both...however)
are

great times
to remember the people we care about.
Contrast
Valentine's Day:
winter
- Sweetest Day:
fall
(while)
.
Valentine's Day
for
lovers - Sweetest Day
for
anyone
whose kindness
you've enjoyed (while).
Main Idea
Passage
Money moves most things in our world. For example, the National Confectioners Association, a collection of over seventy major candy manufacturers, wanted to sell more candy. Apparently, when people buy candy, they make money. Anyway, they wanted to make more money; so, in 1921 they created a "holiday" called
Sweetest Day
.
They've spent millions of dollars and will continue to spend millions trying to convince consumers that this holiday exists and that consumers should celebrate this very "real" and "meaningful"occasion by buying candy. Card-dealer Hallmark has also heavily promoted this specter of commercial interest, prompting the notion that
Sweetest Day
is a "Hallmark Holiday." That reminds me: have you ever heard of Give Me a Dollar Day?
Main Idea
Sentence
The candy industry wanted to make more money (cause) so they created a holiday in 1921 (effect).
Text
Structure
Cause and Effect
Writing
Title
Sweetest Day:
The
Sweet
Smell
of Money
Examples of:
Cause and Effect
Writing
NCA created a new "Sweetest Holiday" (effect) because they wanted to make more money (cause).
The NCA has spent and continues to spend millions of dollars (effect) to convince consumers to celebrate this new holiday (cause).
The holiday has been called the "Hallmark Holiday" (effect) after Hallmark has also spent millions promoting the "holiday" (cause).

Main Idea
Passage
Every Valentine's Day millions of school children slip each other cards: some sloppily assembled for classmates and friends, others more heartfelt and carefully composed, but most students have no idea how far back this practice dates. The earliest Valentine's Day card dates back to the 1400s. When postage rates dropped in the early 1800s, mailing them grew in popularity. Then in the 1840s, the first Valentine's cards were mass produced. Today, the Valentine's Day card continues to evolve. In 2010, an estimated 15 million e-valentines were sent. But some things will never change:
Will you be mine? Click "Y" or "N.
"
Main Idea
Main Idea
Sometimes the Main Idea can be determined by recognizing what
writing structure
the author is using.

Main Idea
Sentence
The text is about the history of the Valentine's Day card.
Title
Will You Be Mine?:
A Question for the Ages
Text
Structure
Sequence
Writing
Evidence of:
Sequence
Writing
1400s
1800s
1840s
2010
History of Valentine's Day Cards
The earliest Valentine's
Day card dates back
to the 1400s.
History of Valentine's Day Cards
When postage dropped
in the 1800s, mailing
them grew in popularity.
History of Valentine's Day Cards
In the 1840s, the first Valentine's Day cards
were mass produced.
History of Valentine's Day Cards
In 2010, an estimated 15 million e-valentine's were sent.
Passage
Some people have a hard time remembering to get their loved ones appropriate gifts on Valentine's Day. This can lead to painfully long talks about "where the relationship stands." Perhaps the best way to avoid these talks is by taking the moral highroad. Instead of
forgetting
these holidays,
choose
not to celebrate them. Inform your loved one that you don't want to buy into the materialism and commercialism of these manufactured holidays. Tell that person that you want to have a relationship with them , not the marketers, and that you want to celebrate your love everyday, not just one day a year. It's a tough pitch, but if you can make the sale then you'll be in the clear for life.
Main Idea
Sentence
This text is about the problem of forgetting holidays and the solution of claiming not to celebrate them.
Title
Valentine's Day?
I Love You
Everyday!
Text
Structure
Problem and Solution
Writing
Evidence of:
Problem & Solution
Writing
Some people have a hard time remembering to get their loved one an appropriate gift on holidays (Problem). The best way to avoid this is take the moral high ground (Solution).
Instead of forgetting holidays (Problem), choose not to celebrate them (Solution).
Passage

Jimmy didn't have any money, but he wanted to show Jane that she meant a lot to him, so he decided to make her a Valentine's Day card. He got some nice, thick cardstock and folded it in half. He cut it into the shape of a heart and drew a cherub on the front of it. Then, he wrote a thoughtful message on the inside. When he gave it to Jane, she was so touched that she cried and her tears stained the front of the card. Thinking the card ruined, Jimmy was so offended that he broke up with her calling her a "crybaby" as he left. The moral of the story is that young people shouldn't date.
Main Idea
Sentence
This text tells the story of a young boy making a card for a girl.
Title
Heartfelt,
Handmade,
Ruined:
Goodbye
Text
Structure
Appears to be describing a process. However, it is telling a story of a young boy and girl. Therefore, it is using
Chronological
Writing
.
Evidence of
Chronological
Writing
Verbs are all in past tense:
didn't have, wanted, decided, got, folded, cut, drew, wrote, gave, was, cried, stained, offended, broke, left.
So, it's not
telling
you how; it's
describing
how someone
did
.
Main Idea
However
, you might want to first determine the text structure (#3), which will help develop number 1,2 & 4.
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