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Transcript of Alcoholism
(Miranda) Discussion Questions & Answers
(significant others) Causes The exact cause of alcoholism is unknown, but
there is evidence that
issues and social factors
influence alcoholism. What Is Alcoholism? Alcohol addiction - or alcoholism - is a term
used to describe compulsive or uncontrolled
consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Alcoholism affects the drinker's health,
relationships and social life. * The test subjects for the investigation are Miranda (former alcoholic), John (husband), Amy (daughter) and Bethany (mother-in-law).
1. Use the questions given to interview each person. (Use the appropriate question category)
2. Over the break, select different time slots to interview each person. It does not matter how far apart each interview is, as long each interview is separate and confidential.
3. Take the results and analysis them. Use them to help answer this question: Based on the interviews, it's clear to see that
Miranda's drinking heavily affected her life.
From her answers, it appears that her family has a history
of alcoholism and that several traumatic events increased
her drinking. These are two of the most common reasons
behind the development of alcoholism. It's likely that
someone in her family, mainly her father, possessed the
CREB gene which can be passed down, considering both
herself and her older brother developed alcoholism. The
deaths of her father, brother and mother had a huge
impact and her way of coping was to
turn to alcohol. Genes Genetics can play a huge part in the development of alcoholism. A study conducted by Subhash C. Pandey, PhD, a psychiatrist focused on the CREB gene - given the name because it produces a protein called 'creb' - which regulates the brain's functions during development & learning, as well as alcohol tolerance & dependency. Those who possess this gene are likely to pass it down to their kin. Children of alcoholic parents are 4x more likely to become alcoholics themselves. Psych logical Greater alcohol consumption =
More dopamine glands destroyed =
More cravings for good feelings =
Desire to consume more alcohol In shorter terms, Alcohol causes damage to the nerve tracks and
chemicals within the brain that are associated
pleasure and self-control. Drinking destroys the
dopamine glands - which contribute to positive
feelings - and produces a false happiness for the
individual. If the person continues to drink, they
are destroying more dopamine glands causing
them to crave positive feelings when they're feeling down. Since they discovered that alcohol
makes them feel happy, it can result in more
cravings for the toxic drink, despite it being a
false positive feeling. Traumatic Events Individuals have different ways of dealing with post-traumatic stress, but in some cases many turn to drugs and alcohol to cope with their emotions.
As mentioned earlier, the goal of the individual is to seek happiness, which they may find in alcohol because it gives them a quick false happiness to flush out any negative feelings or bad memories. What causes an individual to develop a substance addiction (alcoholism) and how does it affect their
lifestyle and relationships with others? *Names have been changed to protect the identities of the people interviewed. Social Factors Peer pressure is the most common form of introduction to substances. An individual is likely to give in to the pressure if their peers are irking them to try something because they don't want to feel excluded or “uncool”. In some cultures, where drinking is acceptable and starts at a young age, individuals are likely to engage in excessive consumption.
Those who are introduced to alcohol in earlier stages of their life are likely to continue the habit for the rest of their life and have a higher chance of developing alcohol dependency. Jennifer Reed
Challenge & Change (HSB4M01)
For: Mr. Blair
January 11th 2013 Let's look at this from a Freudian point of view.
Sigmund Freud divided the mind into three different parts:
ID EGO SUPEREGO
Here's how Miranda's unconscious mind might have worked:
Id: Alcohol will make the negative thoughts & memories go away quickly, so I'll drink it.
Ego: I'll have a drink every now and then, but I won't abuse the substance to deal with my problems.
Superego: Do not turn to alcohol. There are other options, such as therapy.
From this assumption, Miranda likely followed her Id because when it came to coping with her past traumatic experiences, she did not choose to do what's best for her (ex. therapy). Instead, she decided to seek personal satisfaction rather than doing the moral thing. Hypothesis There are two main factors that lead to the development of alcoholism – peer pressure and traumatic experiences. Peer pressure is what gets the individual introduced to the harmful substance world and the consumption of alcoholic beverages. After experiencing a traumatic event, an individual is likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress and deal with it in different ways. Many turn to drugs and alcohol as a way to cope with negative feelings and block out bad memories, which can result in substance abuse.
I believe that these two reasons are what caused the individual to develop alcoholism. Discussion: Miranda It is very likely that Miranda had cognitive dissonance in her life.
In her interview, she mentioned that she almost lost her family due to her drinking. At the time, she knew that she was risking a lot yet she continued to drink anyways. Alcohol had consumed her and guilt, dread and even embarrassment had become present. She was stuck with the decision of either choosing alcohol or her loved ones. But because her addiction was quite severe, she was constantly battling the choice. She loved her family and knew that her drinking habits were dangerous, but she continued to do it anyways. This caused great discomfort within her. Cognitive Dissonance The Unconscious Mind Let's look at this from a Freudian point of view.
Sigmund Freud divided the mind into 3 parts:
Here's what Miranda's unconscious mind might have looked like:
Id: Alcohol will make the negative feelings & memories go away quickly and I'll feel happy, so I'll drink
Ego: I'll have a drink every now and then, but won't use it to help me cope with my problems
Superego: Alcohol will not solve any of your problems. There are other options, such as therapy.
It's likely that Miranda followed her Id because she wanted to seek personal satisfaction. She dealt with her problems by consuming alcohol instead of doing the moral thing and seeking proper treatment (ex. therapy). Another form of cognitive dissonance in Miranda's life was the fact that she knew she was doing severe damage to her health, but continued to drink regardless.
It was only when she hit rock bottom and ended up in hospital that she knew she had to make a change. Behaviour Modification Miranda was able to eliminate her cognitive dissonance through the six steps of change.
1. Pre-contemplation: Miranda denied she had a drinking problem.
2. Contemplation: After several scary experiences, she hit rock bottom and finally admitted that she needed help.
3. Preparation: Miranda & family explored treatment options.
4. Action: Miranda agreed to go to rehab.
5. Maintenance: Miranda spent a month in rehab completing several activities, excersices and therapy sessions.
6. Termination: Miranda successfully completed the recovery program and was released. Discussion: The Family The significant others interviewed in this experiment
were Miranda's family members because they would be
the ones most affected by her alcoholism. From their
interviews, it seems that their relationships with Miranda
were quite complicated while she was drinking. John (husband) After interviewing John, it was clear to see that his relationship
with Miranda wasn't very good and her habits even put their
marriage on the line. Her alcoholism put a major stress on the marriage, causing John to often be filled with anger. Because of her addiction, their marriage was almost finished because John
couldn't take any more of it.
After Miranda quit drinking, their relationship dramatically improved. Their marriage was healthy again with fewer fights and they began to be more like a couple again. In the end, he is
still with her and will always support her. Amy (daughter) Prior to be sober, Miranda and Amy did not have a good relationship. According to Amy, they fought nearly every day
and they would get out of control. All of the fighting caused mixed emotions within Amy towards her mother, including
feelings of hatred and being unloved. When Miranda began forgetting Amy at school, having hallucinations and ended up
in the hospital, it scared Amy. The traumatic experience of having her mother taken away from her affected Amy quite a
bit. She felt lonely, isolated herself from others and began to
After Miranda quit drinking, her relationship improved dramatically with Amy. They don't fight as much as they used
to and Amy feels like she can trust her mother more. Their relationship as a mother and daughter has gone back to normal. Bethany (mother-in-law) Bethany said that her relationship was pretty steady with Miranda, although there were a few times when she was
upset and scared with Miranda's actions. She offered to
go to meetings with Miranda but did not necessarily confront her about her drinking. "I'm her mother-in-law, not her mother so I can't really tell her what she can and
can't do," Bethany said.
Their relationship is still going strong and Bethany is
pleased to see Miranda in much better condition. In Conclusion... In conclusion, the hypothesis was partially correct. The prediction was that the main causes behind the individual's
drinking were peer pressure and traumatic events. After
the interview, it was discovered that the individual's drinking was due to genetics and several traumatic events
in their life. The prediction about how drinking majorly affected the individual's life was correct because during the
time when the individual suffered from alcoholism, their relationships with others weren't very good, their health
was in poor conditions and they kept to themselves a lot
and were secretive about their habits. In addition, alcoholism will have affected the individual's life majorly. During their drinking days, their relationships with others were poor, their health was in horrible and life-threatening conditioning and they were seclusive and secretive about their drinking. This was all due to their severe addiction with alcohol. The data from the interviews supported the hypothesis given because except for one factor - peer pressure - all of the predictions were correct.
At the end of this experiment, the reasons for a specific individual's alcoholism were discovered. The goal of this experiment was to determine
possible causes behind alcoholism and how it affects an individual's life. From the results, further assumptions about why others develop substance
addictions can be made. This is important because it can help us
understand the triggers and try to eliminate them to prevent further
developments of addictions. Stated in the introduction, genetics and
traumatic events have been found to be major influences in the development of alcoholism. Based on this, these two factors can be trusted
that they are diagnosed causes behind alcoholism. If you or a loved one suffer from alcoholism or any other addiction, do not be afraid to get help. It's always available and you CAN get better. Bibliography David Zieve, M. (2011). Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse
Retrieved from A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia website: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001940/
Harvey, S. (2009, January 22). Alcoholism – Causes.
Carlson, E. B. (2010, April 12). Effects of Traumatic Experiences.
Retrieved from http://www.athealth.com/consumer/disorders/traumaeffects.html Ledgehill Treatment and Recovery Centre. (2011). Alcoholism In Canada.
Davis, J. (2004, May 26). Researchers Identify Alcoholism Gene.
Collin, C. (2006). Substance Abuse and Public Policy in Canada.
Retrieved from Parliament of Canada website: http://www.parl.gc.ca/content/LOP/ResearchPublications/prb0620-e.htm If you or a loved one suffer from alcoholism or another addiction, do not be afraid to get help. It's always available and you CAN get better.