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AS Sociology - Socialisation

Perspectives on socialisation

Amanda Lane

on 15 September 2016

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Transcript of AS Sociology - Socialisation

Lesson Objective:
To understand the differences in how Functionalist and Marxist sociologists view the process of socialisation.
Sociologists agree that there are 2 types of socialisation:
Primary & Secondary
Functionalists state that the function of socialisation is to 'teach' our children the shared cultural norms and values of a society.
Marxists have other ideas!
Perspectives on Socialisation
Both perspectives agree that primary socialisation happens in the family, or where you spend most of your time as an infant.
They argue that we are taught how to become obedient and compliant which is of ultimate benefit to the ruling class and capitalist society.
What aspects of socialisation teach us this?
According to Marxists, the reason children are disciplined from a very early age during primary socialisation is to build a conscience.....
We are 'programmed' through primary socialisation to understand what is right and wrong through sanctions.
As we get older, we start to feel a sense of guilt when we do something that is wrong. We then regulate our own behaviour as we do not want the repercussions of our actions.
According to Marxists, it is this behaviour that is welcomed by capitalist society. We become docile and compliant workers.
So what happens when the socialisation goes wrong? What do you think will happen to the children when they reach adulthood?
According to Marxists, primary socialisation is a process whereby we learn to respect authority, be obedient and compliant: something which is REINFORCED during secondary socialisation, and in particular, in education.
Marxists believe that there is what is known as a
Hidden Curriculum
An under current of Ruling class ideology: ideas which stem from the ruling class to condition children into becoming 'agents' of capitalism...
The hidden curriculum also socialises students into accepting failure - why do think this is important for capitalist society?
To conclude....
Marxists and Functionalist agree on the concepts of primary and secondary socialisation but disagree in its function for society.
Marxist sociologists argue that socialisation is a process that shapes us into becoming agents of capitalism.
The ruling class needs the workforce to be complaint and docile in order to achieve maximum output from them. Maximum output = more money
Compliance and obedience are the main values that we learn through the socialisation process according to Marxists.
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