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10 Examples of Gender Inequality Around the World
Transcript of 10 Examples of Gender Inequality Around the World
10: Professional Obstacles
Women fought for decades to take their place in the workplace alongside men, but that fight isn't over yet. According to the most recent statistics from the U.S. Census, women earn just 77 percent of what men earn for the same amount of work [source: National Committee on Pay Equity].
9: Limited Mobility
Saudi Arabia provides the most extreme example of limited mobility for women: In that country, women are not allowed to drive a car or ride a bicycle on public roads.
In 2008, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon reported that one in every three women is likely "to be beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused in her lifetime" [source: OneWorld].
7: Feticide and Infanticide
You'll often hear expectant parents say that they don't care if they have a boy or a girl, as long as the baby is healthy. In some countries, such as China and India, a male child is more valuable than a female child, and this gender bias causes parents to care very much if they have a boy or a girl.
6. Restricted Land Ownership
In some countries, such as
Chile and Lesotho
, women lack the right to own land. All deeds must include the name of a man, be it the woman's husband or father. If one of those men were to die, the woman has
no legal claim to land that she may have lived on or worked all her life.
Often, widows are left homeless because the deceased man's family will throw them out of their homes
5: Feminization of Poverty
1.5 billion people
in the world live on
less than one dollar a day
, and the
majority of those people are women
[source: Lopez-Claros, Zahidi]
4: Access to Health Care
According to the World Health Organization, one woman dies in childbirth every minute of every day [source: WHO]. That's more than 500,000 deaths every year, many of which could have been prevented if the woman had been
allowed to leave her home to receive treatment
, or if she'd had
a skilled attendant by her side
3: Freedom to Marry and Divorce
In many countries, young girls are forced to marry men two or three times their age. According to UNICEF, more than one-third of women aged
20 to 24 were married before they turned 18
, which is considered the minimum legal age of marriage in most countries [source: UNICEF].
Examples of violence:
Rape, Spousal abuse, children abuse.
These kinds of violence have happened continuoslly and some countries have laws that require a certain number of male witnesses to testify before a court will acknowledge that a rape has occurred.
The act of causing the death of a fetus
The act of killing a baby
A failure to get what is expected or needed.
Thanks to advances in genetic testing, parents can find out if they're having a boy or a girl, and they may elect to end a pregnancy that would yield a female child. And if the parents don't receive advance notice, they may kill the child after its birth. As a result, the gender ratio in some countries is skewed; in India, for example, there were 927 girls per 1,000 boys in 2001 [source: Girish]. The female fetuses and infants who are killed are sometimes referred to as the world's "missing women."
Analysts often posit that many of the issues on this list could be solved if women had higher levels of political participation. Despite making up half the global population, women hold only 15.6 percent of elected parliamentary seats in the world [source: Lopez-Claros, Zahidi].
2: Political Participation
1: Education Attainment
China's one child policy may have led to many sex-selective abortions.
As a result, some women remain in abusive marriages so that they won't lose a place to live.
Land is a major factor for securing credit from financial associations or co-ops
, which means that a woman can't apply for loans that would allow her family to expand its business. Without financial support, the woman can't upgrade her equipment, expand her production or keep up with competing farmers.
Another example is the growing number of women infected with HIV/AIDS. For many years, men comprised the bulk of new infections, but in Sub-Saharan Africa, women now form half of the infected persons [source: Wach, Reeves].
Of the children that aren't in school right now, the majority of them are girls. Women make up more than two-thirds of the world's illiterate adults [source: Lopez-Claros, Zahidi]. When it comes to education, girls worldwide get the short end of the stick.
Girls may be kept out of school to help with household chores, they may be pulled from school if their father deems it's time for them to marry, or
there may only be enough money to educate one child from the family -- and the boy assumes the responsibility.
"No society treats its women as well as its men." That's the conclusion from the United Nations Development Programme, as written in its 1997 Human Development Report [source: UNDP].
Almost 50 years earlier, in 1948, the United Nations General Assembly had adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which specified that everyone, regardless of sex, was entitled to the same rights and freedoms. The 1997 Human Development Report, as well as every Human Development Report that followed, has highlighted that each country falls short of achieving that goal.
The severity of the shortfall varies by country
Thanks for your attention!!!
Have a nice day ;)
"Why do so many women still die in pregnancy or childbirth?" World Health Organization. (Dec. 2, 2010) http://www.who.int/features/qa/12/en/index.html
Shah, Anup. "Women's Rights." Global Issues. March 15, 2010. (Dec. 2, 2010) http://www.globalissues.org/article/166/womens-rights