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Transcript of Gay Rights
So, what is the definition of gay?
1940: Hitler sends homosexuals to concentration camps
1948: Alfred Kinsey publishes Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, revealing to the public that homosexuality is far more common than believed.
1951: The Mattachine Society, the first national gay rights organization, is formed by Harry Hay.
1955: The first lesbian-rights organization in the United States, the Daughters of Bilitis, was established in San Francisco.
1958: Joe Cino, an Italian-American theater producer, opens Caffe Cino. Six years after Caffe Cino opens, it shows the first gay plays, The Madness of Lady Bright, by Lanford Wilson, and The Haunted Host, by Robert Patrick.
1962: Illinois becomes first state to decriminalize homosexuality.
1966: First transgender organization, the National Transsexual Counseling Unit, was created in San Francisco.
1969: The Stonewall riots transform the gay rights movement into a widespread protest for equal rights and acceptance. Patrons of a gay bar in New York's Greenwich Village, the Stonewall Inn, fight back during a police raid on June 27, sparking three days of riots.
Thoughts of LGBTs in the 1940's
Thoughts of LGBTs in the 1950's
Thoughts on LGBTs in the 1960's
1973: Homosexuality removed off list of mental illnesses
1976: San Francisco Mayor George Moscone appoints Harvey Milk to the Board of Permit Appeals, making Milk the first openly gay city commissioner in the United States. Milk decides to run for the California State Assembly and co-founds the San Francisco Gay Democratic Club after his election loss.
Jan. 8 - Harvey Milk makes national news when he is sworn in as a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. Milk sponsors a civil rights bill that outlaws sexual orientation discrimination, and it is passed.
November 7 - Harvey Milk was assassinated by Dan White.
1979: About 75,000 people participated in the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights. It was the largest political gathering in support of LGBT rights to date.
Thoughts on LGBTS in the 1970's
1980: At the 1980 Democratic National Convention held at New York City's Madison Square Garden, Democrats added to their plank: "All groups must be protected from discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, language, age, sex or sexual orientation."
1982: Wisconsin becomes the first state to outlaw discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
1984: The city of Berkeley, California, becomes the first city to offer its employees domestic-partnership benefits (same-sex partnership employee benefits like health care and such).
Thoughts of LGBTs in the 1980's
1993: 800,000 to one million people participated in the March on Washington for Lesbian, Gay, and Bi Equal Rights and Liberation. Jesse Jackson, RuPaul, Martina Navratilova, and Eartha Kitt are among the speakers and performers at a rally after the march. The march is a response to “Don't Ask Don't Tell”, military policy for homosexuals, as well as the ongoing discrimination against LGBTs.
1996: LGBTs denied protection from discrimination.
1997: Ellen DeGeneres comes out as gay.
Thoughts on LBGTs in the 1990's
States that allow Same-Sex Marriages
California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington (18 states)
How it has changed America
Colorado, Illinois and New Jersey
Broad Domestic Partnership:
Nevada and Oregon
Partial State Protections:
Recognizes Out of State
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming (30 states)