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Argentina : A Cultural Analysis
Transcript of Argentina : A Cultural Analysis
Body: Men Women Children Family Life Men are the providers and decision makers for the family
Men spend most of their time working, including evenings.
Gaucho are the traditional Argentine cowboys
'piropos' or flirtatious comments are normal/ acceptable
Barbequing is considered a 'manly' tradition and is taken seriously
leisure activities include sports and card games Women enjoy a high level of equality compared to other South American countries
Women are the caretakers for the family but are achieving newer, more prevalent roles in society
Businesses may have child care facilities free of charge
Divorce was legalized in the late 1980's and it is more common to have single parent families than previous years
Access to positions of power are limited.
prevalence of domestic violence, low prosecution of rape, sexual harassment and prohibition of abortion. Gender gap in employment & pay rate Fathers once had patriarchal right over children but now responsibility is shared
Kids cannot travel out of the country without consent of both parents
Education is a top priority for all children and some schools encourage equality by requiring uniforms
36 public universities that are free. Some have entrance exams
Leisure activities include art, academic clubs, music and dance
Argentinians consider it important to develop a strong relationship before conducting business
They tend to move slowly in business negotiations and meet to discuss plans many times before finalizing deals
It is courteous to arrive promptly for meetings, but prepare to wait, as Argentinians are meticulous business people and finish one discussion before moving on to the next.
Argentinians are tough negotiators, it is best to use a calm approach and stay away from ‘selling’. A handshake and nod show respect when greeting
Argentinians stand closely and even touch during conversation, so do not back away!
Eye contact is crucial, keep a relaxed manner and avoid hand gestures.
“O.k.” and ‘thumbs up” are vulgar
and striking your fist against your palm is a sign of disbelief... so don’t do it! Business attire is very important
One should dress moderately
Women are expected to remain conservative while keeping a stylish flair Business Etiquette Soccer is the #1 sport for fun! Fans are extremely dedicated to the professional team, La Seleccion, or Albicelestes
Pato is a sport unique to the country, players ride on horseback and compete for a ball inside a burlap sack while trying to score against the opposing team
The card game truco, or 'trick' originates here
Traditions include barbequing, wine tasting, and mate drinking
cultural interest in psychology and psychoanalysis
important holidays are Revolution Day, Flag Day, and Independence Day Beef and pasta are main dishes
Asado (barbeque) is very popular and a great tradition for family gatherings
Coffee and tea are acceptable at any time as cafes are a great place to relax, socialize, and discuss politics
Wine is popular to produce and enjoy Rituals Tradition Leisure Masculinity/ Femininity Individualism Uncertainty
Avoidance Power Distance Overcoming
Challenges Cultural Expression Art & Media Greeting Business Relations Appearance Geography Demographics Politics Presidential
System Religions Languages Argentina is an Electoral Democracy meaning
government is directly elected by the country's citizens
The president is both Head of Government and Head of State
Cabinet is selected by president Roman Catholic 92%
Other 4% Spanish (official)
Indigenous Quechua Bicameral government Cristina Fernandez De Kirchner
elected Dec. 10, 2007
Justicialist Party Political Parties population 42,192,494 (July 2012 est.)
White (Spanish and Italian) 97%
Non-White 3% Senate and Chamber or Deputies Judicial Branch is appointed by the president
with the approval of the senate With a score of 46, Argentina is the most individualistic country in South America.
Collectivist traits are present; Argentinians are considerate of opinions and obligations towards family and social groups.
Urban areas are more individualistic, with a strict division between private and work life. Argentina achieved independence from Spain in 1816.
Since that time, the country has been shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe. Broad Progressive Front
Dissident Peronists or Federal Peronism
Front for Victory
Peronist/ Judicialist Party
Radical Civic Union
numerous provincial parties President Politics play a large role in Argentine society, and citizens have a strong political voice
Juan Peron is well-known for his political ideologies. As president, he created Peronism, which was established on the beliefs of social justice, economic independence, and political sovereignty
Although controversial, Peronist ideologies play a major role in Argentine society flamenco Buenos Aires is home to one of the world's largest Jewish populations With a score of 49, Argentina scores mid-way in power distance.
expense, status, and power are highly valued
The standard of education and political liberties give society a greater feeling of equality
Argentinians still show respect by using formal and informal speech 'vos' or 'usted' With a score of 56, Argentina is slightly more masculine than feminine.
Men and women are competing for business, management, and political careers
Society emphasizes the importance of high quality food, clothing, electronics
The importance of education breeds competition and the need to excel
Sports can help create a competitive drive in adolescents With a score of 89, this society values stability
Catholicism influences law and behavior
Although Argentinians do not easily accept change, society is moving toward a more liberal viewpoint with political rights. Ex. legalizing divorce and same-sex marriage
Society shows great respect for different religions
Even with strict laws, corruption in government has been an issue and Argentina is working to improve
transparency It is typical to have a small family with 1-2 children
Family and extended family are extremely important
Families gather regularly and use any excuse to celebrate together
Education is important and families will sacrifice for children's learning landscape and architecture create a popular tourist destination Rituals
Leisure Foods & Customs Tourism & Architecture Heros Iguazu Falls Plaza De Mayo Perito Moreno Glacier Film: Cama Adentro or Kamchatka tango advertising agency: Del Campo Nazca Saatchi & Saatchi
2010 Best Ad Agency by Advertising Age Palace of Congress Law School Foreigners might feel out of their element, but Argentinians are friendly Strict laws and military uprisings
early morning and late night hours
Society's dedication to education
possible language barriers María Eva Duarte de Perón:
Championed women's rights
created the Female Peronist Party
worked with trade unions for labor rights
Ran Ministries of Labor and Health Median age: Men 29 yrs
Women 31 yrs
Birth rate approx 17 / 1,000
Life expectancy: Men 73 yrs
Women 80 yrs National Anthem