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Transcript of Kristallnacht
What was Kristallnacht?
Means night of broken glass
November 9th, 1938
Riots across Germany and Austria
Nazis and other citizens targeted Jewish businesses, synagogues, and homes
German government claimed events were unplanned
1st Government-organized violence towards the Jews
Most countries upset, did not respond angrily bc didn't want another war
If other countries had let in Jewish refugees, Holocaust might never have happened
Lack of reaction gave gov confidence that there would be no protest
Nazis fined the Jews over a billion marks
Claimed the Jews were at fault and so liable for damage
Some German Jews tried to leave the country, most unsuccessful
Most Germans viewed as an unfortunate but necessary step on the path to making Germany a great country again
"It Came From Within." yadvashem.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. <http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/kristallnacht/homepage.asp>
"Kristallnacht." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 6 Apr. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX99.html>.
"Kristallnacht." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/research/research-in-collections/search-the-collections/bibliography/kristallnacht>.
Stewart, Gail B. Hitler's Reich. San Diego: Lucent Books, 1994. Print.
Strom, Margot Stern. Facing History and Ourselves: Holocaust and Human Behavior : Resource Book. Brookline, Mass: Facing History and Ourselves National Foundation, 1994. Print.
by Lila and Marina
Events that Led to Kristallnacht
Claimed riots were called for
2 days previously Ernst Vom Rath shot by Herschel Grynszpan, a 17 year old Polish Jew
Grynszpan was angry at the gov
bc had deported all foreign Jews living in Germany and countries of origin wouldn't let them back in
What is a Pogrom?
Riot against a minority
Encouraged by the government
Has most often been against Jews
Was Kristallnacht a Pogrom?
Joseph Goebbels, the Minister of Propaganda, said it was spontaneous
Too widespread to be coincidence
Earlier, Goebbels gave speech encouraging Germans to take action against the Jewish people
Over 7,500 Jewish-owned businesses, homes, and schools destroyed
91 Jews were murdered
Over 30,000 men taken to concentration camps
Photo Source: http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/kristallnacht/images/baden/photo01.jpg
Photo Source- http://www.nieuwsdossier.nl/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/kristallnacht.jpg
Photo Source- http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/kristallnacht/images/photos/photo01.jpg
Photo Source- http://www.nuttyhistory.com/uploads/1/2/1/5/12150034/8501103_orig.jpg
Photo Source: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Pz54e02zUjA/TrqcHnIOoRI/AAAAAAAAAUQ/bcSzg4pQzBQ/s1600/KristallnachtNewspaper.jpg
Photo Source: http://i.huffpost.com/gen/1443622/thumbs/o-KR5-570.jpg?4
Photo Source: http://www.memorialdelashoah.org/upload/minisites/ONU/nuit_de_cristal/images/expo6_01_l.jpg