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Transcript of Russia
Revision of Judiciary System
Emancipation of Serfs
World War I
Led by Count Sergei Witte, the minister of finance, Witte implemented policies designed to stimulate
economic developmental . New European
technologies and industrial machines were introduced in Russia.
In the year 1914, Russia entered World War I. First met with success in the heart of Germany, Prussia devastated the army at the Battle of Tannenberg. At the end of Russian participation, they accumulated over 2.5 million fatalities and were in massive debt.
Tsar Nicholas II
During the time period 1850 to 1914, Russian Society faced a weaker government structure, which caused the lower and working classes to rebel, revolt, and go on strike. This is because of the repression, frustration with the tsarist rule, and the toll it had on Russian citizens.
The Crimean War revealed how weak the Russian Empire had become. Although it could hold its own against Qing and Ottoman forces, Russians didn't stand a chance to industrial forces of western Europe
To deal with local issues of health, education, and welfare, the Russian government began electing district assemblies, zemstvos, in 1864. These government appointed figureheads remained subordinate to tsarist autocracy, which retained exclusive authority over national issues.
Bloody Sunday Massacre
This revision of the Judiciary System in Russia created a system of law court based on western European models. These reforms encouraged the emergence of attorneys and legal experts, which in turn contributed to a decline in judicial corruption
On January 22, 1905, a group of workers marched to the czar's Winter Palace in St. Petersburg to make demands. Imperial forces then began killing and wounding hundreds of the workers. As a result, riots and strikes broke out throughout the country, thus being known as the Bloody Sunday Massacre.
Assassination of Tsar Alexander II
Due to the increase of Radicalism and frightened by the increase of riots and increased numbers of anarchists, tsarist authorities resorted to repression. They censored publications and sent secret police to break up groups that threatened their authority.
Tsar Alexander the II abolished serfdom in Russia saying, "It is better to abolish serfdom from above than to wait until the serfs begin to liberate themselves from below."
Attempted Establishment of Protectorate Over Ottoman Empire
The Russians attempted to establish a protectorate over the Ottoman Empire as it began to weaken after the Russians defeated Turkish forces in a war (1828-1829). This attempt threatened to upset the balance of power in Europe, causing a lot of military conflict.
In 1879, a terrorist faction of the Russian party set out to assassinate the Tsar, the same Tsar who had emancipated serfs as well as launched programs of political and social reform. This was meant to pressure the government into political reforms by means of terror. In 1881 after several unsuccessful attempts, Tsar Alexander the II's carriage was bombed.
Tsar Nicholas II was a weak ruler that reigned from 1894 to 1917. He championed oppression and police control. Nicholas reluctantly permitted the Duma, Russia's first parliamentary institution, after Sergei Witte urged him to because of the Bloody Sunday Massacre.