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TOPIC 1: Negotiating and choosing the input: the presentatio

Teaching Practice
by

Antonio Gómez Vélez

on 4 October 2016

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Transcript of TOPIC 1: Negotiating and choosing the input: the presentatio

'Motivation is the art of getting
people to do what you want
them to do because they want
to do it'

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Antonio Gómez Vélez
September 2016

The main aim of the presentation phase
MOTIVATION
The PPP approach
Presentation
PRESENTATION
" ... not only to the kind of modelling of a target item that we do when we introduce a new word or grammatical structure, but also to the initial encounter with comprehensible input in the form of spoken or written texts, as well as various kinds of explanations, instructions and discussion of new language items or tasks."
Penny Ur
EXPLANATION AND INSTRUCTIONS STAGE
(PENNY UR)
Prepare
Make sure you have the class's full attention
Present the information more than once.
Be brief.
Illustrate with examples.
Get feedback.
PRESENTATION contributions
It helps to activate learners' attention, effort and intellingence
PRESENTATION
EXPLANATION AND INSTRUCTIONS STAGE
OTHER PRESENTATION TECHNIQUES:
VISUAL AIDS
TBL
PRE-TASK: It introduces the topic to the class activating topic-related words and phrases
Necessary for the presentation stage
(Jill & Charles Hadfield)
Create a context
OTHER PRESENTATION TECHNIQUES:
VISUAL AIDS AND TEXT
YES!
YES!
YES!
NO!
NO!
NO!
OTHER PRESENTATION TECHNIQUES:
USING STUDENTS,
MIMING,
...
ESA model
ENGAGE : The teacher tries to arouse students' interests and engage their emotions
Presentation
Introduction to a new lesson or unit

TOPIC 1: Negotiating and choosing the input: the presentation phase(s) of a didactic unit; making new language comprehensible
Why do you want to be a teacher?
Practice
Production
Practice
Production
It familiarizes the student with the target language and raise his/her confidence level
Students become skilled enough in the target language yo use it freeley
STUDY : Activities focused on language
ACTIVATE : Activities to use the language as communicative as students can
TASK CYCLE: Communication task provided by the teacher.
LANGUAGE FOCUS: Closer look at language structures students have naturally turned up during the previous phase
It facilitates leaners' entry into new language, understanding of new material and further learning
Focus on form
Check comprehension
The presentation phase activates:
learner's attention
learner's effort
learner's intelligence
learner's consciuous learning strategies
LEARNING
OTHER PRESENTATION TECHNIQUES: LISTENING
Criteria for materials (Hadfields)
be usable in large classas well as small;
Teaching grammar approaches
Deductive
Inductive
The deductive approach
The students learn the rule and apply it only after they have been introduced to the rule
The inductive approach
The students learn the use of the structure through practice of the language in context and later realize the rules from the practical examples.
more direct
more learner autonomy
faster
more teacher-energy
more 'discovery' learning
funnier
memorable
more creativity needed
more confusing
more forgetable
more natural
more time-consuming
Textbooks: typical presentations
http://webbook.burlingtonbooks.com/WebBook/#/book/122
http://webbook.burlingtonbooks.com/WebBook/#/book/68
Create a context
The new language should be presented in a context that makes its meaning clear.
In a textbook it is usually done for you.
In other words, you need to show the learners how the language is used and what it means.
Focus on form.
Show the learners how language is formed.
All the techniques use visual presentation, easier for students to understand than verbal explanation.
Checking comprehension
Give the students an opportunity to use language for themselves.
Check understanding and prepare the way for further practice.
It gives learners confidence in handling the new language.
Task: a presentation activity
1. Previous section(s).
2. Create a context.
3. Focus on form.
4. Checking comprehension.
5. Pronunciation points.
6. Next section(s).
Jobs
Policeman
Doctor
Teacher
Firefighter
Plumber
Priest
Singer
DJ
Bricklayer
Footballer
Reporter
Full transcript