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Copy of States of Matter

What is matter? What are the states of matter?

Dee Corbie

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of States of Matter

The States of Matter What is Matter? Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Mass is the amount of matter in an object. Solid What are the states of matter? Liquid Gas A solid is matter that has its own, or definite, size and shape.

Solids take up space and have mass. Liquid is one kind of matter that does not have its own shape. Liquids take the shape of their containers. Gases are another type of matter that do not have shape. Gas always takes up all of the space inside its container. How can cooling and heating change matter? Water is a liquid.
If it freezes, it becomes
a solid which we call ice.
If the water heats up, it
turns into a gas called
water vapor or steam. There are two kinds
of solids:
1. crystalline
2. amorphous Crystalline solids
have a very orderly,
three dimensional arrangement.
Crystalline solids are in repeating
patterns of rows. although liquids change shape easily
they do not easily change volume a special property of liquid is surface tension.
Surface tension is force that acts on the particles at the surface of a liquid. Another property of a
liquid is viscosity Viscosity is a liquid's
resistance to flow. A B Amorphous solids are
made of no particular
arrangement, or pattern. Do now: In the kitchen you will
find three forms of water. What
are these three forms of water
and where exactly in the kitchen
would you find them? Do Now:
What do you think? And
explain why.
"Does gas have mass"?
remember mass is how much
matter is in an object. For example the atoms of element gold cannot be broken down further and each atom has the properties of gold It is not possible to breakdown the atom further retaining the properties of the element. An atom is smallest particle in an element that has the properties of the element. Atoms are not visible to the naked eye and are the basic building blocks. Molecules are formed by the combination of two or more atoms.

Unlike atoms, molecules can be subdivided to individual atoms

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