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Blood Diamonds

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Uzma Khokhar

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of Blood Diamonds

Blood Diamonds Background Canada's Role Solutions Case Studies Sierra Leone Awareness
Strict Enforcement of Laws
Demand certification of diamonds at a jeweler store.
Boycotting the diamond industry completely.
Buying Canadian diamonds will boost the economy. Diamond mining began in December of 1866 in Sierra Leone as a British Colony.
Sir Ernest Oppenheimer came up with the idea of single market channeling.
After independence, leaders manipulated through the diamond industry. Definitions Blood Diamond: any diamond that is mined in areas controlled by forces opposed to the legitimate, internationally recognized government of a country and that is sold to fund military action against that government.
Legitimate Diamond: any diamond that has a Certificate of Origin.
Kimberley Process: The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme imposes extensive requirements on its members to enable them to certify shipments of rough diamonds as ‘conflict-free' and prevent conflict diamonds from entering the legitimate trade. For every hand taken in marriage, there is a hand taken away. Largest country in African continent.
Endowed with an abundance of valuable natural resources.
Several diamond mines, used for creating gem quality diamonds. Democratic Republic of Congo History Was a colony of Belgium from 1884 until 1960.
Exploitation during colonialism left it riddled with a lack of economic infrastructure. Human Rights Human rights records in the Democratic Republic of Congo are shocking.
Perpetrators are both rebel groups and government forces. Killing innocent civilians.
Poor treatment of detained persons.
Recruitment of child soldiers.
Lack of civil and political rights. Arms Trade Poor governments and rebel groups use mineral and non-mineral commodities to purchase arms, including diamonds or their profits.
Known as parallel financing. Fatality Level International Rescue Committee estimate that 1.7 million people have died as a result of fighting in the area.
According to Human Rights Watch, repeated attacks on the civilians of have caused over a million persons to flee their homes. Outcome Internal conflict still occurs but some proactive decisions have been made.
Increased activities by international human rights organizations have brought awareness of the problem.
Prompted actions from governments to limit the number of conflict diamonds being sold.
Part of the Kimberley Process and contributes to diamond output significantly. Located in Western Africa.
Diamond mining originally began here.
Rich in natural resources. History The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) started fighting Sierra Leone's government in 1991.
In 1989, Charles Taylor led a small force and overthrew the Liberian government of Samuel Doe.
Taylor gained control of Liberia and installed the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL).
He formed the RUF under Col. Foday Sankoh
Diamonds As Currency Revolutionary movements require money.
Official exports through the government of Sierra Leone were estimated at 114, 438 carats
While in 1999 this figure fell to 9,320 carats.
These diamonds come from the districts of Kenema, Kono, and Bo, located in the central and eastern portions of the country. Fatality Level The war in Sierra Leone caused the death of 75,000 people.
Over half of the country's population was forcefully displaced. Outcome Conflict is in a stalemate.
The RUF retains possession of the countryside.
The RUF later went onto become a political party, lasted until 2007. Non-Governmental Organizations Partnership Africa Canada Led to the creation of the Kimberley Process.
Try to ensure greater developmental impact of diamonds.
Make diamonds a tool rather than a finite resource. Carries out extensive investigative and policy research, public education and advocacy on conflict diamonds and the developmental potential of diamonds. Established in 1986. The Export and Import of Rough Diamond Act The Export and Import of Rough Diamonds Act was passed by the Canadian government in 2002.
Rough diamonds are controlled and monitored when being imported or exported. Northwest Territories The Government of the Northwest Territories of Canada has a unique certification program.
They offer a Government certificate on all diamonds that are mined, cut, and polished in the Northwest Territories of Canada. One Sky: Blood Diamonds Are For Never Ensures the strong implementation of the Kimberly Process.
Helps destroyed countries rebuild their infrastructure again. The Kimberley Process A joint initiative with governments, industry and civil society initiative to stem the flow of conflict diamonds
Started in 2000, when countries held a meeting in Kimberley, South Africa.
Awareness without action is nothing.
Passing acts like The Export and Import of Rough Diamonds Act for some countries is futility.
Demanding certification at a jeweler store will probably give you nothing.
People will buy diamonds at the lowest price that they can find.
Buying certified diamonds is much more costly. Foday Sankoh Charles Taylor Why Do WE Care? Affects our economy.
Committing a legal offense.
Human rights violations.
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