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The Death of Santiago Nasar - Blame Game!
Transcript of The Death of Santiago Nasar - Blame Game!
Pura Vicario, the mother of Pedro, Paolo, and Angela, is surely among the top responsible for the death of the potentially innocent Santiago Nasar. It was Pura's own daughter that confessed that "the only thing I can remember is that she was holding me by the chair with one hand and beating me with the other with such rage that I thought she was going to kill me" (Marquez, 46). Ms. Vicario did this so that Angela would tell her who took her virginity. It was still Pura Vicatio that encourage the brothers to kill Santiago so to retrieve the family's honor.
Suspect Number 5: Pedro Vicario
Pedro Vicario being considered the more "aggressive" of the two brothers, he is also to blame. It was he who conceived the idea of assassinating the potentially innocent Santiago Nasar. However, several factors make him slightly less guilty than his twin brother, Pablo. First of all, it is clear that he was waiting for someone to stop them from committing the deed, and second of all, when it came to physically killing Santiago, he was the most heitant. Although it is true he was the first to stab Santiago (page 117), he was also the one who hesitated at the final moment: "...his wrist twisted with horror and he gave him a wild cut on the thigh" (Marquez, 119).
Suspect Number 7: Placida Linero
Placida Linero, the mother of the victim, unfortunately also plays a role in the death of her own son. Unlike the other suspects, Placida Linero's actions were completely involuntary, making her a victim of dramatic irony. In the morning, she accidentally forgets to interpret the birds is Santiago's dream, and later on, just seconds away from her son's assassination, she locked him out herself. Testimonies confirm that "she ran to the door and slammed it shut" (Marquez, 117). Although Placida was not aware that her own son was on the other side, her actions did lead to his foretold death.
Suspect Number 1: Angela Vicario
Bayardo San Roman's short-lived wife, Angela Vicario, is the primary suspect in the case because it is she who pronounced the condemning combination of letters that caused the murder to happen: "Santiago Nasar," (Marquez, 47). As soon as she told her mother Santiago took her virginity, she sentenced Santiago to death. Although we have no proof, we also suspect Santiago was not the one responsible, making Angela's accusation even worse.
Gabriel Garcia Marquez's Chronicle of a Death Foretold
The Death of Santiago Nasar - Blame Game!
American Literature - 2014
Suspect Number 2: Father Amador
Suspect Number 4: Pablo Vicario
Suspect Number 6: Victoria Guzman
Suspect Number 8: Santiago Naser
Although Father Amador is a respectable man, and esteemed by most members the community, he accused himself as representative of the morals, culture, and beliefs of the society in which the murder happened. As the community as a whole may not be blamed, many say that the ideas that Father Amador has taught that led to the murder. Although some accuse him of planning with the Vicario brothers on the assassination, as many saw them running towards the church on page 48, it was later confirmed they were only there to confess, and not hide. It was the cultural belief (brought by the church) of purity before marriage that ultimately had Santiago killed, and the actions of the following suspects are often tied with the cultural traditions and beliefs of the time.
Although Pablo Vicario was initially more hesitant than his brother, Pedro, it was Pablo who remained determined and dedicated to the cause. In the first paragraph of page 119, several witnesses, clam to have seen Pablo give Santiago "a horizontal slash on the stomach" (Marquez, 119). As it was Father Amador to do the autopsy, the specific knife wound that brought is not certain, however, we deduce it was Pablo's action that brought to Santiago's immediate death. The brother has also cofessed, claiming he would kill him again.
Victoria Guzman, the made for the Nasar family, is among the least to blame because she did nothing to propel the assassination towards its accomplishment, however, she, as most people in the town, did nothing to stop it from happening. What makes Victoria Guzman more guilty than others is that she purposely kept information from the Nasar family as she wanted Santiago to die. On the morning Santiago left to see the Bishop, Victoria already knew about the plan of the murder, however, she did not warn him. Later that day, she also lied to the mother, claiming that "she still hadn't known anything when he came down for coffee" (Marquez, 116).
Sadly, the investigation on the death of Santiago Nasar resulted with the conclusion that he contributed to his own murder. Although many interpreted past events as indicators that he was not the one to take Angela's virginity - such as the blood not sticking to the knives that killed him, or Father Amador paralleling his dead body to that of Christ (innocent who died) - there is a possibility that he was the on responsible. It is also widely known in town that Santiago's actions towards other women did not always meet the cultural protocol of the time. When asked, Victoria Guzman answered "he was just like his father...A shit" (Marquez, 10).
Márquez, Gabriel García. Chronicle of a Death Foretold. New York: Vintage, 1983. Print.