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Transcript of Ecotourism
Lauren Greaves Ecotourism:
Characteristics & Motivations synonymous with "nature based tourism"
'traveling to relatively undisturbed or uncontaminated natural areas with the specific objective of studying, admiring and enjoying the scenery and its wild plants and animals, as well as any existing cultural manifestations."
is 'primarily concerned with the direct enjoyment of some relatively undisturbed phenomenon of nature'
should be mainly 'dependent on nature' rather than 'enhanced by nature' Definition Trends Characteristics Motivations Negative Implications The recent trend in environmental tourism in Australia will continue to grow well into the 21st century.
It is important that we are collectively able to establish a vision for future resource protection and presentation of its values.
Continue growth in industry not detrimental to future use
protection of recreation resources and capital investment long term success inextricably linked to the quality of the recreation resource identify clear goals and survey’
access be provided to appropriate sites, food and overnight accommodation near by
information on the opportunities available and their related infrastructure be provided
increase the marketing and promotional skills in resource management agencies
have joint training sessions where tour operators can lecture resource management staff and vice versa;
increase the financial and business management skills in resource management agencies Recommendations Thankyou for choosing 'Expressions of Life'
hope you enjoyed your safari tour
hope to see you again soon! Characteristics Demographics Accommodation Characteristics Transport Characteristics Expenditure the majority of participants travelled to an international destination rather than a domestic
ecotourists predominantly younger to middle-aged therefore more money councious reflecting their choice of a poorer star hotel/motel accommodation for a money saver
style of accommodation varied - a lot of ecotourists chose to camp or stay in a cabin From research:
55% ecotourists in Australia are women aged between 20-29 From research:
majority of ecotourist participants are 'well-educated' From research:
majority of ecotourists surveyed are in the younger age category From research:
7% divorced 'traveling to relatively undisturbed or uncontaminated natural areas with the specific objective of studying, admiring and enjoying the scenery and its wild plants and animals, as well as any existing cultural manifestations." must meet 3 criteria-
1. feature the natural environment as the central attraction
2. offer the prospect of learning or education
3. at least intend to be environmentally, culturally and economically sustainable. synonymous with "nature based tourism" is 'primarily concerned with the direct enjoyment of some relatively undisturbed phenomenon of nature' should be mainly 'dependent on nature' rather than 'enhanced by nature' 60% of Australian travellers fall within the 'anti-tourist' category 55.8% of int'l tourists view the natural environment as Australia's tourist asset Ecotourist is one of the fastest growing sectors in the tourism industry Worldwide annual growth rate of 5% Represents 6% of world GDP and 11% of all consumer spending in the tourism industry Table 1 found from article by Nicole Hartley on Motivations of Ecotourism in Australia "budget holiday"
"learning curb in life" other motivations personal development
experience reasons for growth crowding and congestion
drugs and alcohol problems
prostitution and increased crime levels
Tourism can even infringe on human rights, with locals being displaced from their land to make way for new hotels or barred from beaches.
Interaction with tourists can also lead to an erosion of traditional cultures and values. social demands in infrastructure lead to destruction of the natural environment
The influx of ecotourists can also degrade the natural environment
Tourism poses a threat to a region's natural and cultural resources
Impact on wild life environmental transformation of traditional cultural symbols into commodities to sell to visitors
disruption of the pre-existing relationships between local people
Higher incidences of crime
Life styles disturbed and altered through simple interaction even if intention is good
exploitation of local tribes, local residents such as using them for cheap labour cultural The Great Barrier Reef is today seeing major impacts of human activity threatening the coral reefs as well as the surrounding biodiversity that coexist within these systems. Main factors leading to this destruction:
Over-fishing: caused major disruptions to the food web and in turn will have a negative domino effect.
Pollution: destruction of future fragile coral reefs through dangerous run off and sedimentation caused development and farming of the coast
Global warming: warmer temperatures in the waters has created adverse effects on these highly productive ecosystems. Case: The Great Barrier Reef “Only $5 of every $10 spent by tourists in the developing world stays there” leakage of money from host country into other economies
Cost of establishing basic infrastructure usually falls on the government and therefore comes out of the tax revenue
Jobs created by tourism are often seasonal and poorly paid, economic