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Owen Straley

on 13 December 2013

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Transcript of http://library.thinkquest.org/10949/fief/medknight.html

European Knights
By; Peter and Owen
European Knights
- Fought for the lords' in exchange for fiefs
- Followed the chivalry code
- One of 3 types of middle age soldiers ( Knights, Foot-soldiers, and archers )
- Becoming a knight was part of feudal agreement
- Fought during middle ages in Europe

Armor and Weapons
- Covered from head to toe with heavy armor
- Chain Mail suits were uncomfortable and hard to move in
- Weighed between 40-60 pounds
- Many knights protected their horse with the same armor
- A knight was armed with a wood or metal shield and a thirty-two pound sword
Becoming a Knight
- When a boy was 8 years old he could go to a neighboring castle and train

- Trained on a wooden dummy called a quintain, rode horses and wrestled

- At 15 he would become a squire or someone who followed and assisted a knight in battle

- After the squire period a knight would dub him ( Tap him lightly on each shoulder with a sword ) symbolizing that the squire was a knight
The Chivalry Code
- Knights promised to defend the weak
- Be courteous to all woman
- Loyal to their king and to serve god at all times
- The code of Chivalry demanded that a knight give mercy to a vanquished enemy
- The code of Chivalry did not extend out to "peasants"
- The "weak" was interpreted as "noble woman and children"
- Provided means for knights to practice fighting and warfare in times of peace
- Tournaments were mock battles with audiences with "fair damsels" watching
- Umpires who made sure the knights followed the rules and refrained from dishonest play
-Fought or competed in jousting, a popular sport of the time
-Two knights on horseback would gallop across a field towards each- other
-They carried long wooden poles and shields for weapons
-Objective was to knock the other person off of their horse
-Many injuries occurred during the sport
The Feudal Pyramid
Feudal Pyramid is the structure of feudal society in Europe
Becoming a Knight
European Castles
- The first European castles were used to shelter nobles, knights and soldiers during a war
- After 1200 in times of peace each castle had its own nobleman and family living in it
Heidelberg castle
Life Style
-Were expected to fight with bravery, follow the chivalry code, and serve their lord
-Had to be brave in battle but also had to show knight like qualities such as acting courteous around women
-Expected to guard the castle of his lord
-Trained with their squire every day
-Every knight had a squire
-Squires were knights in training
-They participated in daily tasks with a knight
-They would serve the knight from age 7 until around age 20
-After serving his time as a squire he would be dubbed to become a knight by his master and would one day have a squire of his own
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