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Transcript of BIOLOGICAL CRITICISM
Is a form of Literary criticism which analyzes a writer's biography to show the relationship between the author's life and their works of literature.
biographical criticism may be an important aspect of the Historical approach. The biographical approach allows one to better understand elements within a work, as well as to relate works to authorial intention and audience.
The premise behind biographical criticism is that knowing something about the writer's life helps us to more fully understand his or her work.
Biographical: Relates the author's life and thoughts to her works
Biographical criticism is not concerned with retelling the author's life; rather, it applies information from the author's life to the interpretation of the work.
The focus remains on the work of literature, and the biographical information is pulled in only as a means of enhancing our understanding of the work.
Biographical criticism is often associated with Historical-Biographical criticism,a critical method that "sees a literary work chiefly, if not exclusively, as a reflection of its author's life and times"
The assumption of biographical criticism is that interpretation of a literary work should be based on an understanding of the context in which the work was written.
Biographical Criticism Strategies:
1. Research the author's life.
2. Use the biographical information to understand the inferential and evaluative levels of the work.
3. Research the author's beliefs.
4. Relate those systems of belief to the work
5. Explain how the connections reflect in the work's themes and topics.
6. Explain what can be determined about the author's statements within the text based on bio info.
Biographical criticism is the practice of analyzing a literary work through
the lens of an author’s experience. Some poems depend on a reader’s
knowledge of biographical facts. However, readers should be careful not to
assume that the speaker of a poem is necessarily the poet.
When we read a poem, one of our first questions should be: whose “voice” is speaking to us? Sometimes a poet will create a persona, a fictitious speaker.
This speaker may not always be human. A speaker may be an animal or object, and good poems have been written from perspectives as various as a hawk, a clock, or a cloud.
First, avoid equating the work's content with the author's life (or the character with the author); they are not necessarily the same.
Second, avoid less-than-credible sources of information, particularly works that tend to be highly speculative or controversial unless verified by several sources.
- The insight that literature is written with and its presence in understanding an author’s life can help readers more thoroughly comprehend the work.”
- As a result, it often affords a practical method by which readers can better understand a text.
- One of the most important rules of analyzing and discussing biographical criticisms is to not be too broad.
- Biographical criticisms are often quite specific, by topic.
-However, a biographical critic must be careful not to take the biographical facts of a writer’s life too far in criticizing the works of that writer.
-The biographical critic “focuses on explicating the literary work by using the insight provided by knowledge of the author’s life."
- It should help clarify any things that are convoluted in the text.
- "Biographical data should amplify the meaning of the text, not drown it out with irrelevant material.”
- Biographical criticism asserts that an author’s own life must affect his or her work. Biographical criticism is a personal version of historical criticism – An author’s personal history must affect his or her work, as well. Not just their life at the moment it was written.
-It's a superficial way of understanding the work, as the author uses his influences and background to write a novel.