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DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION IN SPAIN

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Paula Matas Domènech

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION IN SPAIN

DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION IN SPAIN
Contents
- Presentation and introduction
- Facts
· Basic demographic indicators
· Population pyramids
· Indicators for the labour market
- Consequences
- Solutions
Facts: ratios (2011)
Consequences
Population structure
Presentation
- 17 Comunidades
Autónomas

- 50 Provincias
- Area: 504,645 sq.km
- Population 2012: 47,265,321
- Density: 93.66 p/sq.km
http://www.ine.es/censos2011_datos/cen11_datos_inicio.htm
-

Birth rate:
10.2 childbirth born per 1,000 people
-

Marriage rate:
7.01 marriages per 1,000 people (7.16 men and 6.87 women)
-

Average age at marriage:
34.5 (35.9 spanish and foreign men, 32.7 spanish women and 35.2 foreign women)
- Fertility rate:
births per 1,000 women
- Average age at maternity:
31.5 (32.1 spanish women and 28.9 foreign women)
- Life expectancy:
82.1 (79,2 men and 84.9 women)
- Mortality rate:
8.4 deaths per 1,000 people (8.8 men and 7.9 women)
- Children mortality rate:
3.1 deaths of children younger than 1 year per 1,000 childbirths (3.3 boys and 2.9 girls)
Population pyramids
Indicators for the labour market
1 - Change in the population structure

2- Pension and Health Systems

3- Environment

- Less births, lower mortality and higher life expectancy: older population
- More immigration
Pension and Health Systems
Old people need more medical care and more medicines
Environment
Accelarition of the climate change

Solutions
- More efficient health insurance and tax system

- Incentives to increase the birth rate

- Creation of jobs in caring for older people

- Equilibrate the balance (video)
Full transcript