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Jim Crow Laws/One Drop Rule/Plessy vs. Ferguson
Transcript of Jim Crow Laws/One Drop Rule/Plessy vs. Ferguson
Named after black character in minstrel shows
Common laws forbade intermarriage & ordered business owners and public institutions to keep races separated
Usually associated w/ blacks, but despite common belief - all colored peoples
Ex.) AZ, marriage of person of Caucasian blood w/ Negro/Mongolian/Malay/Hindu shall be null and void Obstacle 1:
Laws Obstacle 2: One Drop Rule Obstacle 3: Plessy vs. Ferguson Goal Bisma Baloch
Sanjna Basa Jim Crow Laws &
One Drop Rule &
Plessy vs. Ferguson Basics: Plessy vs. Ferguson Jim Crow Laws." National Parks Service. 21 Mar.
2013. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. http://www.nps.gov/malu/forteachers/jim_crow_laws.htm The Marrow of Tradition English 2 H American History - Years 1880s-1960s Basics: Jim Crow Laws Basics - One-Drop Rule LA passed Separate Car Act in 1892 --> Black civil rights organization decided to challenge the law in the courts
1892. Homer Plessy jailed for sitting in "white" car, East Louisiana Railroad
Could pass for white under LA law (light complexion), but considered black
Was "Creole of Color" - blacks in New Orleans who had French/Spanish/Caribbean ancestors who were LA settlers before it was part of USA
Plessy PURPOSELY sat in the white section. Was arrested & case went to United States Supreme Court Examples More Info "Mulatto" – a child of a white with a mixed/pure black. racially mixed blood.
"Negro" – any slave or descendant of a slave
In the US...black, Negro, African American, & colored included both mulattoes AND unmixed blacks Legality was the issue - the fact that this was being forced on the people
Racism was being forced - children raised w/ racism
Going against American values
People oppressed in own country - violence, fear, & inferiority Analysis "Passing" only applies to AMERICAN blacks. Why? Some say it's because physical differences are more pronounced when African blacks are compared to whites.
BUT. One-drop rule started b/c of slavery & then was strengthened by Jim Crow laws. Analysis More Info Plessy's lawyer - Separate Car Act violated 13th & 14th Amendments
1896, Supreme Court, act was constitutional
Ruled that law only implied black/white distinction & it wouldn't destroy legal equality of the races
Plessy Decision - separate facilities for blacks/whites were constitutional as long as they were "equal." Separate, but equal.
Restaurants, theaters, restrooms, & public schools. BUT facilities for blacks were always low quality and inferior, compared to facilities for whites.
Brown vs. Board of Ed. - concept was challenged /destroyed, 1954 bias
laws made by whites & for whites
felt threatened by blacks - racism & discrimination
separate but equal
at same time, blacks were "made to be inferior" Analysis Source: "Jim Crow Laws" Note: Usually, Southern States - de jure and Northern States - de facto Source: "Jim Crow Laws" SC: No food to be given to white & colored passengers in the same room/table/counter. OK: Any instructor who teaches in any school/college/institution where there are white AND colored people, will be guilty of a misdemeanor, and will be fined at least $10 and $50 at most for each offense. NC: Textbooks will not be interchangeable between white & colored schools. They will continue to be used by the race first using them. Source: "Jim Crow Laws" Davis, F. James. "Who Is Black? One Nation's
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/jefferson/mixed/onedrop.html Source: Davis Source: Davis Source: Davis Considered black in US – ANY African black history
"Reflects the long experience with slavery and later with Jim Crow segregation" (Davis).
ONE drop of "black blood" makes a person black Also called "one black ancestor rule," "traceable amount rule," & "hypo-descent rule" (Davis).
Followed by judges, officers, & black protesters (Ku Klux Klan) Sills, Stephen J., Dr. "Part 1." Sociology 101
Introduction to Sociology. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <http://uncgsoc101.wordpress.com/module-7-racial-and-ethnic-stratification/part-1/>. Southern-developed concept. Def. of being black spread & became America's social/legal def.
Subconscious! Tiger Woods - often regarded as African American but father is Native American, African American, & Chinese (Sills). Wormser, Richard. "The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. Jim Crow Stories. Plessy v.
Ferguson | PBS." PBS. PBS, 2002. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_plessy.html>. Source: Wormser Source: Wormser Works Cited