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Slavery Promotes Conflict (Ch 11)

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Jessica Abshire

on 24 July 2014

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Transcript of Slavery Promotes Conflict (Ch 11)

Abolitionists formed a network of "safe houses" to help slaves escape.
Missouri Compromise
"Bleeding Kansas"
Kansas-Nebraska Act
- Allowed territories above the Mis. Compromise line to decide about slavery.

Fighting broke out in the territories & a new antislavery party -
Republican Party
- was formed.

The violence in Kansas even spread to US Congress where
Charles Sumner
, a Massachusetts senator publicly criticized the Missourians for their interference in Kansas. Congressman
Brooks
took offense & attacked Sumner with his cane on the floor of the Senate.
Underground Railroad
The Compromise of 1850
Political Implications of Slavery
The slavery issue arose again & again as new territories & states were formed.

Compromise of 1850
- California was admitted as a
free
state & part of Texas was given to New Mexico. Slavery was banned in
District of Columbia
, but a stronger fugitive slave law was passed. Slavery would be decided in Utah & New Mexico by
popular sovereignty
.

In 1819, the US had
22 states (11 free & 11 slave states).
There was an equal number of senators from free states & slave states in the
Senate
, but slaves states had fewer representatives in the House of Representatives.

Why? Tension?


$1.25
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Monday, February 17, 1840
Was Slavery Popular in Western Virginia?
Slavery Promotes Conflict!
Slavery once existed throughout the United States, but it died out in he North because the North's economy was different from that of the South.

Industrial North & Agricultural South

Slavery was important for the South because of
cotton
- growing cotton took a great deal of manual labor & slaves kept down the costs.

Slavery never prospered on a widespread basis in the area that became West Virginia.
The slave population was concentrated in four Western Virginia valleys:
Shenandoah, South Branch, Kanawha,
and
Greenbrier
. The slave population of Kanawha County numbered 3,140, with most concentrated in
Kanawha Salines
.
Mountaineer Memo
Northern states supported a strong
federal government
but the southern states supported
states' rights.
Missouri Compromise -
Maine enter Union as a
free
state & Missouri enter as a
slave
state. A line would be drawn from Missouri's southern border westward & slavery would only be permitted south of the line.
Fugitive Slave Law required free states to help
catch
runaway slaves.
Ramsdell House
Full transcript