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Monitor vs. Merrimack
Transcript of Monitor vs. Merrimack
The battle of Monitor vs. Merrimack, also called the Battle of Hampton Roads, took place from March 8th to March 9th, 1862 at Hampton Roads, Virginia. The two ironclads faced off once more on April 11th, but did not engage, neither being willing to fight on the other’s terms. The Union side wanted the encounter to take place in the open sea. The Confederates tried unsuccessfully to lure the Monitor into another battle in Hampton Roads harbor.
The Union ironclad Monitor was led by Lieutenant John Worden. The Northern built Merrimack was salvaged by the Confederates and was commanded by Franklin Buchanan. However, the day after the battle began Captain Buchanan was wounded so Lieutenant Catesby Jones took over the Merrimack.
Impact on the War
Both ships fired into each other with little effect because their crews lacked training. The Merrimack at one point during the struggle sought to capsize Monitor, but the Monitor was able to avoid the Merrimack. The battle between the two ships was generally thought as a victory for Monitor, but the battle was eventually thought to be inconclusive.
Perspective: North vs. South
Monitor vs. Merrimack received worldwide attention and it had immediate effects on navies around the world. The USS Monitor became the prototype for a new warship. It marked an end to battles between wooden ships and was noted as the most important naval battle in the Civil War. It led the South to believe that the Union blockade might be broken.
USS Monitor Crew
The Battle of Monitor vs. Merrimack thrilled the South because they were under the false impression that the Union blockade might be broken. The battle produced feelings of combined relief and elation in the North. Because the battle was indecisive, it is difficult to emphasize the thorough effect of morale that was produced in both regions.
Monitor vs. Merrimack
By: Alison Andrascavage & Branden Baldrica