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Sherlock Holmes.

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by

Audrey FAMBART

on 3 March 2015

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Transcript of Sherlock Holmes.

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)
Sherlock Holmes
I/ Literary and Historical Contexts
- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
- Sherlock Holmes and the Victorian Era

II/ Sherlock Holmes, The Icon
-The London Icon
- The Worldwide Icon

III/ Sherlock Holmes, the Dark Side
of the Icon
- The Negative Aspects
-Between Reality and Fiction

- Born on
May 22, 1859, in Edinburgh, Scotland

-Scottish physician, doctor, avid sportsman, a war correspondent, writer, novelist.

- Parents:
Charles Doyle
, a civil servant, talented painter.

Mary Foley
influenced his writings on British history

- Died on
July 7, 1930
, at Crowborough, England (heart attack)


His influences : writing detective fiction

Edgar Allan Poe
(1809-1849)
The Murders in the Rue Morgue
(1841)
The Purloined Letter
(1844)
The detective
Dupin
.



Emile Gaboriau
(1832-1873)
Monsieur Lecoq
(1869)
The French detective "
Monsieur Lecoq"
The Worldwide Icon
Sherlockian Societies for a Worldwide Icon

-More than
300 hundred societies
all around the world

-
Sherlockians / Holmesians
: People studying and sharing their interest of the global Icon (writing articles, studies or conferences).

-Their literary activities are called the
Sherlockiana
(the study of the Sherlock Holmes saga in the work of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.)
Adaptations: On screen
On cinema :
1903: First silent movie
Sherlock Holmes Baffled
- The Sherlock Holmes Society of Australia

- The A. C. Doyle and Sherlock Holmes Society of Copenhaghen (DENMARK)

- The Sherlock Holmes Society of India

- Uno Studio in Holmes (ITALY)

- Several areas of Sherlockiana in Japan: “The Japan Sherlock Holmes Club” in Fukuoka-shi, Nagano, Midland and Kytakyushu-shi.

- The Sherlock Holmes Society of Jerusalem (ISRAEL)

- Actas de Baker Street (SPAIN)

- The Oxford University Sherlock Holmes Society (ENGLAND)
Bibliography

-"Issue 12 : The Final Problem".
sherlockholmes.stanford.edu
. Standford University 2006. Web. 06 Feb. 2015.

-Beth, Rose."Sherlock Holmes: Can a fictional man be a London icon?"
bbc.com.
20 May 2014. Web. 15 Jan. 2015.

- Bunson, Matthew E. “The Sherlock Holmes encyclopedia : a complete guide to the world of the great detective.” Pavilion, 1995. Print.

-Diniejko Andrzej. "Sherlock Holmes's Addictions"
www.victorianweb.org.

13 December 2013. Web 4 Feb. 2015.

-Shmoop Editorial Team. "The Return of Sherlock Holmes Introduction"
Shmoop.com
. Shmoop University, Inc., 2015. Web. 06 Feb. 2015.

- "The Hound Of The Baskervilles" -The Radio Theatre. venividitheatre.com. 2012. Web 10 Feb. 2015.

- The Conan Doyle Encyclopedia.
sshf.com.
SSHF. 26 Oct. 2014. Web, 15 Feb. 2015
-"The Hound of the Baskervilles".
theatre.anglais.free.fr
. Théâtre en Anglais 2014. Web 14 Feb. 2015.

-"The International Exhibition of Sherlock Holmes"
. sherlockholmesexhibition.com.
2015. Web 9 Feb. 2015.

“Sherlock Holmes: The Man Who Never Lived And Will Never Die” Until 12 April 2015.
museumoflondon.org.uk.
Web. 11 Feb. 2015.

Videos:
-Holmes, Pete."Sherlock Holmes Sucks at Deduction"
youtube.com.
Web 13 May 2014.
-Museum of London. “Sherlock Holmes exhibition at the Museum of London”
youtube.com
. Web 17 Sept. 2014.
Music:
-"BBC Sherlock Theme Song".
youtube.com
. Web. 30 Dec. 2012.
II/ Sherlock Holmes, the Icon
How the iconic Sherlock Holmes is perceived by English people ?
On Stage
Bollywood star
Anil Kapoor,
to play the iconic role in
The Indian Sherlock
(2015)
On video Games
Sherlock Holmes Versus Jack the Ripper (2009)
The Testament of Sherlock Holmes
(2012)
Sherlock Holmes versus Arsène Lupin (
2007)
Sherlock Holmes: Crimes & Punishments
(2014)
In Literature
The Bullet Vanishes
(2012)
The Sherlock Holmes Exhibition at the Museum of London
The Hound of the Baskerville
s (2012)
The Secret of Sherlock Holmes
(1888-1889)
Potted Sherlock
(2014)
Sherlock Holmes
( Japanese and Italian versions) (1985)
Sherlock Holmes
(2009)
Sherlock Holmes Games of Shadow
( 2012)
The Great Mouse Detective
(1986)
In the Name of Sherlock Holmes
(2011)
Mr. Holmes
(2015)
Holmes and Watson: Madrid Days
( 2012)
How does the Worldwide Icon circulate?
221 B Baker Street, London:
-Known throughout the world
-The Most famous addresse in the world
-The headquarters of Holmes from 1881 to 1903
By Audrey Fambart and Claire-Anaïs Clamens
From the London Icon to a Worldwide Icon
How does Sherlock Holmes spread all around the world?
III/ Sherlock Holmes, the Dark Side
of the Icon
A Psychopath (Sociopath?)
A drug addict
-cocaine
-opium
-morphine
-
an eccentric genius
(not the least modest.)
A compulsive smoker
- cigars
-cigarettes
-
calabash pipes.
The Hound of the Baskervilles (2014/2015)
Basil and the Lost Colony (1964)
Basil and the Pygmy Cats (1971)
Basil in Mexico (1976)
Basil in the Wild West (1982)
-First introduced in "A
Study in Scarlet
" (1887), published in
Beeton’ s Christmas Annual.
-Born on January 6, 1854 (estimated)
-
Sherlock Holmes died in
The Final Problem
(
1893)
published in
The Strand Magazine.
-
The Hound of the Baskervilles

(1901) Rebirth
Dr. John Hamish Watson
-Born in the early 1850s
-Scottish doctor
-Sherlock Holmes’ friend, associate, assistant, chronicler and biographer
Professor James Moriarty

-A genius, philosopher, abstract thinker
-The Grand Master of a criminal organization.
-Sherlock Holmes' arch-nemesis
-Equal in intellectual ability

The personal struggle of Holmes and Moriarty in "The Final Problem" (1893)
by Sidney Paget (1893)
-
The Final Problem
(
1893)
published in
The Strand Magazine
-Sherlock Holmes "died"
-A "dreadful event."
Sherlock Holmes and
the Victorian Era
Sherlock Undercover Dog
(1994)
Sherlock Gnomes
(2013)
2010
2012
2014
Holmes, between Reality and Fiction
-Over 20,000 Strand's readers canceled their subscriptions.
-Angry crowds harangued Doyle for murdering off the detective.
-People wore black armbands in protest as if
a real celebrity died.
Conclusion
"Sherlock Holmes is one of London's icons. He helped to make London the way it is. He is the most famous Londoner who never lived and never died."
(Alex Werner, 2014)
-Worldwide Icon through adaptations
Any Questions?...
- 1891 Holmes character of his time : he confronts every problem of his society
- Ideals, accomplishments and fears of the Victorian society.
- Poverty, crimes, drugs, struggles but also optimism and new sciences.

BBC News last week : a lost S. Holmes story was discovered in an attic !
Some numbers:
- 200 movies , 70 Holmes actors
- 116 people authored Holmes stories
The Victorian Era (19th Century)
Baker Street Underground Station
-closely identified with London.
- humans flaws
- adventures squared in London

Joseph Bell

-Renowned lecturer, physician and master of observation.
-Doyle's tutor and professor at the University of Edinburgh (medicine)

Batman and Sherlock Holmes sharing the stage for the 50th Anniversary of Detective Comics (1987)
-
The Canon/The Sacred Writings
:
Sherlock Holmes' adventures
60 works = 4 novels and 56 short stories
Sherlock & Forensic Science:
-Sherlock Holmes provided a rigorous method of formulating questions.
-To evaluate evidence and determine the truth behind an incident.
Sherlock's method :
What are the negative aspects of the icon?
SHERLOCK HOLMES
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