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Introduction to Poetry

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by

Kara Koloski

on 2 June 2015

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Transcript of Introduction to Poetry


A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story  in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
Poetry Form
FORM - the appearance of the words on the page
LINE -  a group of words together on one line of the poem
STANZA - a group of lines arranged together
VERSE - represents any division or grouping of words in a composition (poem)
Hold fast to dreams,
For if dreams die,
Life is broken-winged bird, verse
That can not fly.

Hold fast to dreams, stanza
For when dreams gone,
Life is barren field,
Frozen with snow.
Dreams
by Langston Hughes
Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.  
(A word always rhymes with itself.)

LAMP
STAMP


Share the short “a” vowel sound
Share the combined “mp” consonant sound
RHYMES
RHYTHM 
The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem
Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.

REFRAIN 
A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem.

REPETITION
Repeating a sound or word

What do these words make you think of?
What is Poetry?
Repetition of a consonant sound. Usually many words start with or use the same letter.

Examples: “At the Superbowl” by Robert Miller

Superbowl Sunday
started slow
stadium was surrounded by silence
suddenly some spectators shouted
someone scored!
the spectators sounds shook and shifted
the superbowl stadium
ALLITERATION
The use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning or use.
Examples: screech, pop, buzz

“Meeting at Night” by Robert Browning

As I gain the cove with pushing prow,
And I quench its speed i’ the slushy sand…
A tap at the pane, the quick sharp scratch
And a blue spurt of a lighted match…
ONOMATOPOEIA
Language that appeals to the senses.
Sight (visual)
Sound
Taste
Smell
Touch (feel)
IMAGERY
Onomatopoeia Quiz
Listen to the following collection of parts of songs. In each song an example of onomatopoeia is used. See if you can catch the correct word in each one.
“September”, by John Updike

The breezes taste
Of apple peel.
The air is full
Of smells to feel –
Rip fruit, old footballs,
Drying grass,
New books and blackboard
Chalk in class
Imagery Example
Figurative Language
A comparison of two things using “like, as, or than”

Example:
“She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”
SIMILE

A direct comparison of two unlike things

Example:
“A Modern Dragon,” by Rowena Bastin Bennett

A train is a dragon that roars through the dark
He wriggles his tail as he sends up a spark.
He pierces the night with his one yellow eye,
And all the Earth trembles when he rushes by.
METAPHOR 

An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. 
It means something other than what it actually says.

Example:
  It’s raining cats and dogs.
IDIOM
An animal given human-like qualities or an object given life-like qualities.

Examples:
The wind howled a bit.
The stapler bit the piece of paper fiercely.
The armchair hugged me as I sat down.
 PERSONIFICATION
Exaggeration often used for emphasis.  

Example:
It felt like a thousand eyes were staring at me.
HYPERBOLE
Let's Review
What types of poems will we be studying?
A short poem, usually written in first person point of view
Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene
Do not tell a story and are often musical
(Many of the poems we read will be lyrics.)

Example: “A Time To Talk” by Robert Frost
“The Courage My Mother Had” by Edna St. Vincent Millay
LYRIC
    A Japanese poem written in three lines: 
Five Syllables
Seven Syllables
Five Syllables 
Often focuses on Nature 
Example: 
(5) An old silent pond . . .
(7) A frog jumps into the pond.
(5) Splash!  Silence again.
HAIKU
A five line poem with a swinging rhythm that tells a humorous story
It has a rhyme scheme of a-a-b-b-a

Example:
a- The Plane builder needed a pilot
a- So Bob told the guy, he would try it
b- When Bob took to the air
b- Plane parts fell everywhere
a- Bob radioed, “where shall I pile it?”
Copyright 2005 Jim Dupy
LIMERICK
A poem that tells a story.
Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry b/c the poet needs to establish characters and a plot.
Ballads are an example of the narrative poem in musical form

Examples: 
“Casey at the Bat”
“The Raven”
“The Walrus and the Carpenter”  
NARRATIVE
Acrostic poetry is where the first letter of each line spells the word.

Heartbreaking

He broke my heart
Every piece, shattered
All I want was his love
Real, as he promised
True, as mine for him
But he walked away
Right in the middle of paradise
Every beat of my heart
Aches for his love
Keeping the flame aglow
I will wait by the light
Never losing the hope
God will send him back to me

Copyright 2000, Jody Kuperavage
ACROSTIC
In concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a
picture that relates to the content of the poem.  

Example:
Poetry
Is like  
Flames,
Which are
Swift and elusive
Dodging realization
Sparks, like words on the
Paper, leap and dance in the
Flickering firelight.  The fiery
Tongues, formless and shifting
Shapes, tease the imagination.
Yet for those who see,
Through their mind’s
Eye, they burn
Up the page.
CONCRETE
Rain
Humid, damp
Refreshing, dripping, splattering
Wet, slippery, cold, slushy
Sliding, melting, freezing
Frigid, icy
Snow
Diamante Example
A diamante is a seven lines contrast poem set up in the shape of a diamond.

Line 1: Noun or subject
Line 2: Two adjectives describing the first subject
Line 3: Three –ing words describing the first subject
Line 4: Four words: two about the first subject, two about the antonym/synonym
Line 5: Three –ing words about the antonym/synonym
Line 6: Two adjectives describing the antonym/synonym
Line 7: Antonym/Synonym for the subject
DIAMANTE
Step 1: Choose a subject- it can be about ANYTHING (*see page 2 in yellow packet for tips for brainstorming)
Step 2: Create a rough draft of your poem based on the given format
Step 3: Revise and edit your poem- this may include adding or changing parts of it
Step 4: Create a final draft
Steps For Creating a Poem
it feels right
end after a rhyming word
add suspense by carrying a word or phrase to the next line
emphasize words
How do you know when
to end a line in a poem?
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