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The Emergency in Ireland during World War 2

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Ms. Mc Caffrey

on 18 November 2017

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Transcript of The Emergency in Ireland during World War 2

Anglo Irish Agreement 1938
Ireland demonstrated its neutrality by building up its defence forces.
These were increased from about 20,000 to almost 250,000 part time and full time soldiers.
Neutral Ireland
When WW2 broke out in September 1938, Ireland declared itself neutral.
The Emergency in Ireland during World War 2
Learning Intention
Analyse neutral Ireland during WW2
Dangers to Neutrality
There were a number of dangers to Irish neutrality
Why do you think Ireland/DeValera favoured neutrality?
Recap
Protectionism
Land annuities
Army Comrades Association
The Blueshirts
Eoin O' Duffy
Fine Gael
Dismantling the Treaty
IRA
Economic War
De Valera favoured neutrality because
It showed Ireland's independence from Britain
Northern Ireland was still part of the UK
Ireland was too weak to fight stronger countries.
The government passed the Emergency Powers Act, which gave it great power to control the country. The Emergency was the word used to describe the situation in Ireland during WW2.
Neutrality in Action
The Irish government also censored radio and newspaper reports.
Although Ireland was officially neutral it favored the Allies (Britain, France and the United States). The policy meant that:
Allied planes were allowed to fly out over Donegal from Northern Ireland.
German airmen were imprisoned, but British and American airmen were released over the border.
The IRA
Germany
Britain and the US
The IRA
The IRA looked at the war as a situation in which 'England's difficulty was Ireland's opportunity'
They wanted to get help from Germany so that they could invade Northern Ireland.
De Valera arrested and imprisoned some IRA leaders in the Curragh. These actions weakened the IRA.
Dangers to Neutrality
Germany
Germany sent spies to Ireland. They hoped to join forces with the IRA but soon found out they were too weak.
The spies themselves were quickly arrested.
The Germans had planned to invade Ireland - Operation Green - The south of Ireland was bombed by German planes.
The most serious bombing was the North Strand in Dublin in 1941.
Britain and the United States
Britain wanted Ireland to join the war.
Churchill the British Prime Minister said that partition would end if Ireland joined the war.
De Valera rejected the offer because he knew the Unionists of Britain would reject the offer.
Britain and the United States
The United States did not like Irish neutrality.
They were afraid the south of Ireland would be used as a base by the Germans.
De Valera rejected American criticisms.
Shortages and Rationing
Ireland was short of raw materials during WW2.
Sean Lemass as Minister for Supplies had to buy and charter ships to bring supplies to the country.
He set up Irish shipping to do this.
But rationing of food, clothes, footwear and petrol had to be introduced because of the shortages.
Coupons from ration books were exchanged for goods in the shops.
Fuel Shortages
Electricity and gas were also rationed.
Inspectors called 'glimmer men' called to houses to ensure people were not using the little gas left.
Factories had to lay off workers. Farmers had a shortage of fertilisers.
Workers went to Britai n to get jobs in the war industry.
The Effects of WW2 on Ireland
Overall southern Ireland suffered little during the war. However, neutrality created a bigger gap between Northern Ireland and the South.
Full transcript