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Gay Rights and history in the U.S.
Transcript of Gay Rights and history in the U.S.
first win for homosexuals The magazine "One, Inc" filed a law suit after the U.S. Postal Service and FBI declared the magazine obscene material. This is the first case in the U.S. that sided with homosexuals, ruling in favor of the First Amendment rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT). Jan. 1, 1962 Illinois is first state to change sodomy laws Laws regarding sodomy are repealed. This decriminalizes homosexuality between two consenting adults. April 21, 1966 Homosexuals are refused service in a New York City bar Mattachine Society members go to the Julius Bar in Greenwich Village. In New York, the Liquor Authority denied serving homosexual patrons. The members form a "sip-in". The society sues the New York Liquor authority. New York commission on Human Rights declares homosexuals have the right to be served. No laws are changed. June 28, 1969 Stonewall Inn Riot in Greenwich Village Police officers start to raid the Stonewall Inn, causing a riot around 1am. Thousands of protestors riot for three days, only to receive minimal news coverage. June 28, 1970 Christopher St. Liberation Day One year after the Stonewall riots, thousands of members from the LGBT community march through Central Park in New York City. This is considered the first gay pride parade. Dec. 15, 1973 Homosexuality not mental illness Board of the American Psychiatric Association votes to remove homosexuality from mental illness list. January 1974 First gay American elected The first openly gay woman, Kathy Kozachenko is elected to city council in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Singer Anita Bryant leads the campaign
"Save Our Children" June 7, 1977 The campaign was put together after a civil rights ordinance making sexual orientation discrimination illegal in Dade County. In a special election for the county, 70 percent voted to overturn the ordinance. Nov. 8, 1977 Harvey Milk wins a seat After winning a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, Milk introduces a gay rights ordinance protecting gays and lesbians from being fired from their jobs. Nov. 27, 1978 Harvey Milk assassination Dan White, former city supervisor kills Milk. Aftermath of Dan White's conviction of voluntary manslaughter of seven years Over 5,000 angry protesters raid San Francisco's City Hall. The next night, over 10,000 marchers gathered in Castro and Market streets to do a peaceful demonstration. This was in memory of Milk's 49 birthday. May 21, 1979 Oct. 14, 1979 National march on Washington Around 75,000 people marched in Washington, D.C. for lesbian and gay rights. LGBT people demand equal civil rights. July 8, 1980 Democratic Party first to endorse homosexual
rights platform Democratic Rules Committee states the party will not discriminate against gays and lesbians. March 2, 1982 Wisconsin is the first state to outlaw discrimination December, 1984 Berkeley, California is the first city to offer employees domestic-partnership benefits. First U.S. state to outlaw discrimination toward sexual orientation is Wisconsin. First domestic-partnerships Dec. 21, 1993 "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" Department of Defense states that the military can't bar applicants based on sexual orientation. The new policy, "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" is put into place. May 20, 1996 Romer v. Evans United States Supreme Court decides Colorado must get rid of their second amendment, which denies gays and lesbians protections against discrimination. Sept. 21, 1996 Clinton signs DOMA into law President Clinton signs the Defense of Marriage Act, which is a law that defines marriage as a legal union between one man and one woman. It also states that no state is required to recognize same-sex marriage from out of state. April 26, 2000 Vermont legalizes civil unions The first states to legalize civil unions and registered partnerships between same-sex couples is Vermont. Couples are able to share benefits, privileges and responsibilities as spouse. Still not recognized as marriage, which is defined as heterosexual. June 26, 2003 Lawrence v. Texas The U.S. Supreme Court rules that sodomy laws in the U.S. are unconstitutional. May 18, 2004 Massachusetts legalizes gay marriage The court ruled that prohibiting gay marriage is unconstitutional, it denies dignity and equality of all individuals. October 2005 Civil unions become legal in Connecticut December 2006 Civil unions become legal in New Jersey November 2007 House of Representatives approves equal rights bill The equal rights bill ensures that gays, lesbians, and bisexuals are treated equal in the workspace. http://goo.gl/2cdaf February 2008 New York State appeals court votes unanimously, and Oregon passes law Same-sex couple married out of state will be recognized by employers in New York. This gave same-sex couples the same rights as other couples. Nov. 4, 2008 California approves Proposition 8 Proposition 8 makes same sex marriage in California illegal. Arizona and Florida pass similar measures. This causes national outrage and inspires the NOH8 campaign. In Oregon, the state passes a law that allows same-sex couples to register or domestic partners, which allows some spousal rights of married couples. June 17, 2009 President Obama signs a Presidential Memorandum The memorandum allows same-sex partners of federal employees to receive certain benefits. It does not cover full health coverage. Oct. 28, 2009 Matthew Shepard Act passes The act broadens the 1969 U.S. Federal Hate Crime Law. It now includes crimes motivated by the victim's actual or perceived gender, gender identity or disability. Matthew Shepard was tortured and murdered for his sexual orientation in Laramie, Wyoming in 1998. Aug. 4, 2010 Prop 8 Unconstitutional A federal judge rules that Proposition 8 is unconstitutional and that gays and lesbians have the constitutional right to marry. U.S. Senate votes 65-31 to repeal the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy in the U.S. Military. Gays and lesbians are able to serve openly. Dec. 18, 2010 "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" repealed Feb. 23, 2011 DOMA no longer defended President Obama no longer defends Defense of Marriage Act, which refused to recognize same-sex marriage. June 24, 2011 New York passes law to allow same-sex marriage http://goo.gl/VXvg1 Feb. 7, 2012 Proposition 8 is unconstitutional Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in California ruled 2-1 against Prop 8, saying the law violates the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. Feb. 13, 2012 Washington state Governor, Chris Gregoire, signed the gay marriage bill into law January 1, 2013 Maryland becomes the eighth state to legalize gay marriage. May 9, 2012 President Obama endorses same-sex marriage "It is important to me to go ahead and affirm that I think same-sex couples should be able to get married." Nov. 7, 2012 Minnesota votes No Voters defeated the constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage. Sources: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/timeline/stonewall/ http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0761909.html