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State of Illinois

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gabi ostgaard

on 23 February 2011

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Transcript of State of Illinois

State of Illinois wide variety of weather corn and coal Gabi Ostgaard August 18 1818 Springfield 12,910,409 Pat Quinn State sovereignty, Nation Union Major Cities Chicogo 2,851,268 Nickname, flag, date of statehood Govenor, population, motto, capital Aurora 172,950 Rockford 157,280 Joliet 147,648 Naperville 143,611 Springfield 118,033 Cardinal Orgin is eastern U.S. and mexico Eat seeds, insects, snails, and maple sap Nests made from grass and twigs Lay 2 to 5 eggs in a clutch White Oak Tree State bird and tree Been the state tree since 1973 Have white or tan underbark and heartwood Bark is pale gray and ranges from smooth to flaky or scaly Monarch Butterfly Danaus plexippus Known as the milkweed butterfly Southward migration and northward return in the summer in the Americas which spans the life of 3 to 4 generations of the butterfly Tully Monster Was a soft-bodied animal State butterfly and fossil Lived in the ocean that covered much of Illinois during the Pennsylvanian Period about 300 million years ago The tail had horizontal fins and a dorsal fin; all 3 of the fins were triangular Climate of Illinois describes the average weather conditions and the extremes. Is a widely varying climate and most of Illinois has a humid continental climate with hot, humid summers to cool to cold winters. Average yearly precipitaion for Illinois varies from just over 48 inches at the southern tip to 35 inches in the norther portion of the state. Normal annual snowfall exceeds 38 inches in Chicago, while the southern portion normally recieves less than 14 inches. Highest temp. recored was 117 degrees Fahrenheit on July 14, 1954 at east St. Loius and lowest temp. was negative 37 degrees Fahrenheit recorded on January 15, 2009 at Rochelle. Averages about 50 days of thunderstorm activity a year and average of 35 tornadoes occuring annually. The deadliest tornado on record in the nation occured largely in Illinois. The Tri-City Tornado of 1925 killed 695 people in three states and 613 of the victims lived in Illinois. Climate About 90 Percent of Illinois is covered by Central Plains region. These gently rolling fretile plains were carved and leveled bye glaciers during the Ice Age. The Great Plains is a low flat stretch of land along Lake Michigan develops some small hills north and west of Chicago.
In the northwest corner of Illinois, the Driftless Plains offer the highest elevations in the state. Large hills and valleys are preasent in this small area of Drifless Plains. This is where Charles Mound, the highest point in Illinois, is located.
The Till Plains by far is the largest section of the Central Plains. This area of fertile soil typifies the landscape that helped Illinois one of the top five corn producting states, one of the leading agrictultural states in the nation and gave Illinois one of it's nicknames; The Prairie State. Same call thye Till Plains section of Illinois the Garden of the Nation.
The Shawnee Hills is in the southern part of Illinois south of the Central Plains. This small stip of land, rangin from five to 40 miles long is characterized bye higher elevation. The landscape of the Shawnee Hills consists of rivers, valleys and woodland.
The extreame southern tip of Illinois is covered by the northern reach of the Gulf Coastal Plan that stretches north from the Gulf of Mexico. This is the land between the Ohio River on the east and the Misssissippi River on the west and sometimes referred to as "Egypt" because of its resemblance to the Nile Delta. Just south of the Shawnee Hills, the Gulf Coastal Plain tends to be hilly but flattens significantly towrd the Illinois border with Kentucky. Prairie State Landforms llinois' plant life is not extensive, but the land grows much more than fields of corn and soybeans. Since the state's climate ranges from frigid cold to thickest humidity, there are few plants that live through a yearly cicle. The plant life in Illinois may be found throughout the entire state, but in greater quantity outside of urban areas. Most of Illinois is covered in in prairie, tall grass and meadows. Some might include the little bluestem. culver's root, wild rye, sledge and multiple types of goldenrod. These wild plants may have small flowers growing on or around them as well.
Plants found in forest areas are known as woody plants. These are various types of trees, woody vines and shrubs within the forests of Illinois. Some of the woody vines are the pepper vine, raccoon grape, Dutchman's pipe, supple-jack, cross vine, buckwheat vine, cupseed, trumped creeper, bittersweets, and some types of honeysuckle.
Some of the shrubs are multiple berry trees, rose bushes, false indigo, dogwood and some kinds of honeysuckle. Various types of all these shrubs exist , and they are all native to the Illinois area.
Some of the trees are maple, birch, hickory, chestnut, ash, pine, oak and elm. Each of these type of trees are multiple kinds of specific types.
The number of flower types in Illinois is nearly countless, because they can be found in woody forests, prairies and residential areas. Historical climate change has had a profound effect on current biogeography, so we can expect our ongoing and rapid climate change, to have as great an effect. Climate change has important implications for nearly every aspect of life on Earth, and effects are already being felt.
Temperature effects average, minimum or maximum can be important determinants of plant distribution
For example the Palmae/Arecaceae are cold intolerant as their single meristem is susceptible to frost.
Conversely, boundaries between vegetation are generally determined by summer warmth.
Rainfall is also an important determinant: for example it affects the balance of grasses to woody vegetation.
Other factors such as soil type or herbivory may also be affected by climate change.
A prairie is a region of flat, gently sloping, or hilly land covered chiefly by tall grasses and not many trees.
Prairies, also called grasslands, are one of the main types of natural vegetation or biomes (Others include forest, desert shrub, and tundra). Prairies are areas where either low total annual rainfall (10-20 inches) or uneven seasonal rainfall favor grasses and herbaceous plants over the growth of trees. In some locales, soil conditions or geology also favor grasslands over other types of vegetation. Therefore, most prairies lie between desert shrub and forest lands.
Plant Life Climate and Landscape affect Plant life Most of the land in the northern two-thirds of Illinois is flat. The movement of glaciers through what is now Illinois shaped the land. Four major glaciers have covered parts of Illinois during its past, the last about 12,000 years ago. One of the glaciers traveled almost as far south as the location of present-day Carbondale. Weather conditions in Illinois over thousands of years helped determine that prairies would exist in the state. Climate in prairies is characterized by hot, dry summers and cold winters. When these conditions developed about 8,300 years ago, the tallgrass prairie became a major part of the Illinois landscape. Prairies are classified as wet, mesic or dry. Wet prairies hold a lot of water in the soil. Plants like cordgrass, mountain mint and New England aster grow here. Prairies are classified as wet, mesic or dry. Wet prairies hold a lot of water in the soil. Plants like cordgrass, mountain mint and New England aster grow here. In 1820, Illinois had 22 million acres of prairie land and 14 million acres of forests. Prairies were mainly in the northern two-thirds of the state with forests in the southern one-third. All but nine counties had large areas of prairies. In central Illinois, trees could only be found in scattered sites called "prairie groves" or along waterways. By 1900, most of Illinois ' prairies were gone. The majority of these lands were converted to agricultural practices. By 1978, less than 2,300 acres of high quality prairie remained in the entire state. Most of the undisturbed prairie sites today are found along railroad rights-of-way, in pioneer cemeteries and in places that are not suitable for farming.
Prairie If they value agriculture, on the other hand, they might turn it into farmland. Perceptions about a place shape public policy and actions toward it. In the early 19th century, they thought of the prairie as dangerous. By the mid-19th century, however, improvements in water drainage technology, combined with the lure of cheap land, created new interest in central Illinois. People began to see the prairie as fertile and pressured the state to pass new laws and revise the constitution to make swamp draining legal and inexpensive. Changes in the imagined landscape of central Illinois were generated by the growing promise that agricultural drainage and soil fertility could lead to unrivaled prosperity and productivity. Perception of the environment continues to drive behavior today. Landscape change Climate map Land use map Popultation density map In the land use and popultation density map they both have a little area of red and then another tiny area of red in the corners.
We react to our environments, on this one (earth) we have taken a dominating role of shaping our environment to fit our needs, but at the same time our environment still impacts everything about our activites. Just look at the settlement of human cities for an example. Just about every major city in the world is built right along some ocean or waterway (to allow for transport of goods by sea).
Increasing human population numbers are putting great pressure on many of these limited resources and deplete those resources which can not be renewed. Many different natural processes occur within those ecosystems influencing humans. Some of these processes include atmospheric quality. soil generation and conservation, energy flow, the water cycle, waste removal and recycling. Human activities are altering the equilibrium involved in these natural processes and cycles. If these changes due to human activities are not addressed, the stability of the world's ecosystems may irreversibly affected.
Humans damage ecosystems by harvesting trees that are homes to hundreds of different organisms. We damage the atmosphere by releasing greenhouse gases when we drive cars or use electricity. We pollute water with chemicals and waste products from factories. We can't reverse the damage, but we can help prevent new damage by changing our lifestyles to be less wasteful and more conservative with our resources. I'd love to tell you all about it(I live very green) but it would take a long time. Basically, just remember Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Any little change you can make does help the problem, even if it's just a minor change like switching to energy saving lightbulbs.

Physical environment influences human activity Tornadoes are the greatest threat to Illinois, with some of the deadliest in US history occurring in the state over the years. Have many over the year. Greatest threat
Arlington Heights, IL. is a clean, low crime area. Good roads, plenty of shopping (very close to Woodfield and Randhurst Malls) and easy access to the Expressway (90) to Downtown Chicago. There were some crime incidents that did happen here, such as a few years ago some rapes were reported, graffiti on local garages occurred and a neighborhood Blockbuster was robbed several times (store is now gone). Unfortunately, having a clean, low crime area comes with a price, such as very high property taxes and unfriendly people.

Illinois is also a great state with great animals and plants, but has off changing weather and bad tornadoes. Some cities can be big and crowded, but fun too. Illinois has it's good and bad things that make you want to and not want to live there. Positive and negative things on living in Illinois Native (purple) violet Proclaimed the state flower in 1908 The violet was selected after a 1907 vote taken among Illinois schoolchildren for their favorite flower. They also elected the Native Oak as state tree at the same time When smelling a violet, one whiff is all you get. Its scent contains ionone, a chemical that temporarily desensitizes the nose State Seal The first seal used in what is now Illinois was that of the Northwest Territory, first used in 1788. The Seal of the Illinois Territory followed in 1809 The three state seals subsequently used in Illinois' history differed from the territorial seals in that the eagle held a banner in its beak with the words of the state motto, "State Sovereignty, National Union." State flower and Seal In the 1810s settlers began arriving from Kentucky; in 1818 Illinois achieved statehood. The state filled up from south to north. Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River, one of the few natural harbors on southern Lake Michigan. Railroads and John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois' rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmlands, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars. The Great Migration of African Americans from the rural South to Chicago, established a large community that created the city's famous jazz and blues cultures.
French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. In 1680, other French explorers constructed a fort at the site of present day Peoria, and in 1682, a fort atop Starved Rock in today's Starved Rock State Park. As a result of this French exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. The small French settlements continued; a few British soldiers were posted in Illinois, but there were no British or American settlers. In 1778, George Rogers Clark claimed the Illinois Country for Virginia. The area was ceded by Virginia to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory Illinois History One major thing that brings people to Illinois is the large cities like Chicago and one thing that pushes peope away from Illinois is the tornadoes. Another major thing on living in Illinois is the agriculture. Catholics and Protestants are the largest religious groups in Illinois. Roman Catholics, who are heavily concentrated in and around Chicago, account for around 30% of the population. Chicago and its suburbs are also home to a large and growing population of Hindus, Jews, Muslims, Baha'is and Sikhs. Illinois' state income tax is calculated by multiplying net income by a flat rate. Illinois' major agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products, and wheat. In most years, Illinois is one of the nation's manufacturing leaders, boasting annual value added productivity by manufacturing of over $107 billion in 2006. About three-quarters of the state's manufacturers are located in the Northeastern Opportunity Return Region. By the early 2000s, Illinois' economy had moved toward a dependence on high-value-added services, such as financial trading, higher education, law, logistics, and medicine. In some cases, these services clustered around institutions that hearkened back to Illinois' earlier economies. For example, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, a trading exchange for global derivatives, had begun its life as an agricultural futures market. Other important non-manufacturing industries include publishing, tourism, and energy production and distribution. Illinois is a net importer of fuels for energy, despite large coal resources and some minor oil production. Illinois exports electricity, ranking fifth among states in electricity production and seventh in electricity consumption. Nuclear power arguably began in Illinois with the Chicago Pile-1, the world's first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in the world's first nuclear reactor, built on the University of Chicago campus. Illinois has seen growing interest in the use of wind power for electrical generation. Illinois has numerous museums. The state of the art Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield is the largest presidential library in the country; numerous museums in the city of Chicago are considered some of the best in the world. These include the John G. Shedd Aquarium, the Field Museum of Natural History, the Art Institute of Chicago and the Museum of Science and Industry. Illinois is a leader in music education having hosted the Midwest Clinic: An International Band and Orchestra Conference since 1946, as well being home to the Illinois Music Educators Association (IMEA), one of the largest professional music educator's organizations in the country. Each summer since 2004, Southern Illinois University Carbondale has played host to the Southern Illinois Music Festival, which presents dozens of performances throughout the region. There are many push and pull factors of Illinois.

Push and Pull factors Chicago, IL - Today several leading industry groups announced the creation of the Illinois Technology Alliance (ILTA), a new coalition focused on ensuring innovation and economic growth in Illinois by leveraging existing government affairs efforts. The collaborative effort will work to advance policy initiatives in the 97th General Assembly and beyond that support job creation and economic strength for critical industry sectors, including high tech manufacturing, information technology, biotech, life sciences and venture capital. The mission of the alliance will focus on policies and practices that are conducive to long-term economic growth for Illinois. Members of the Illinois Technology Alliance will support and separately advocate for state level policies, programs and practices. Illinois is home more than 1,800 telecommunications establishments that collectively employ about 58,700 workers. Leading telecommunications firms located in the state include Tellabs, Andrew Corporation, Motorola, Shure, and Westell. Illinois is home to hundreds of federal research labs. Illinois has a strong presence in the field of medical technology. More than 17,300 people are employed at 284 Transportation Technology establishments, primarily in two major sectors: engine technology and aerospace. A key Illinois advantage is its cluster of professional service providers.

Technology and tranportation promoting Illinois The first Aquarium opened in Chicago, 1893 Interesting Illinois facts The world's first Skyscraper was built in Chicago, 1885 Peoria is the oldest community in Illinois The Sears Tower, Chicago is the tallest building on the North American continent Metropolis the home of Superman really exists in Southern Illinois Illinois had two capital cities, Kaskaskia, and Vandalia before Springfield Illinois was the first state to ratify the 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery. 1865 Illinois has 102 counties The highest point in Illinois is Charles Mound at 1235 feet above sea level The Illinois state dance is square dancing Illinois boasts the highest number of personalized license plates, more than any other state In Mount Pulaski, Illinois, it is illegal for boys (and only boys) to hurl snowballs at trees. Girls are allowed to do that however Chicago's Mercy Hospital was the first hospital opened in Illinois The first animal purchased for the Lincoln Park Zoo was a bear cub, bought for $10 on June 1st, 1874 The Chicago Public Library is the world's largest public library with a collection of more than 2 million books
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