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Transcript of Lesson 117-121
L117 Sources of Morality
L. 118 Moral Vision
L119 Formal and Informal Codes of behaviour
Lesson 121 Religious Moral Vision
SECTION F THE MORAL CHALENGE
PART 2 SOURCES OF MORALITY
Lesson 120 Authority and Tradition
Our "values" are those things we hold in high regard, such as freedom, friendship and honesty. Throughout history, people have fought and even die to defend such values.
A person's values will always influence their choices.
Sources of Morality
Our morality (our sense of waht is right and wrong) comes from our set of values.
FAMILY: Our family is the first source of morality, as it is here that we first learn to differentiate between good and bad, right and wrong
FRIENDS: Our friends can have a positive or a negatie influence on our moral values.
SCHOOL: Our school community is a very important source of morality. The ethos and mission statement of our school describes the kind the place it tries to be.
Sources of Morality
RELIGION: The followers of a religion are greatly influenced in their moral choices by the teachings of their faith.
STATE: State representatives make decisions based on the common good. This concern for the common good is a core value of the State
Our Moral Vision describes the way we see the world from a moral point of view. It is ost clearly seen in our moral choices, which reflect what we value in life, i.e. the ideals that we believe in and look upon as being important. Our moral vision is the overall expression of these values.
Choices for life
Moral vision: Awareness of what is righ and wrong, which guides a person's choices.
Formal and Informal Codes of Behaviour
The Code of Hammurabi
Hammurabi was a powerful Mesopotamian king. He is the first recorded example of a ruler making laws and publicising them for his people. His laws, known as the Code of Hammurabi, were carved in stone and put on public display so that everyone in the kingdom was aware of them and their duty to keep them.
The 10 Commandments
The Ten Commandments were the basis of the moral code that Jesus grew up with. They give guidance on how people should live in right relationship with one another and with God.
Laws: Rules concerning behaviour
Informal codes are the unwritten rules by which we learn to live in our community. They do not have the force of law behind them. They do, however, tell us what our community expect of us.
Formal codes are written official rules or laws that state what is required of us. They have made official or formal by the leadership of a particular Satte, religious group or community.
Religious Authority and Tradition
AUTHORITY: Those people in positions of leadership who make and carry out decisions on behalf of others.
TRADITION: The body of knowledge that has built up on a particular subject over time and that has been handed on from one generation to another.
FOR CHRISTIANS, the source of tradition is the life of Christ and of the apostles and others who led holy lives down through the centuries.
Relationship between Sacred Scripture and Tradition
Religious authority and Tradition can be found within the sacred texts and in the teaching of religious leader.
Sources of Authority in the Five Major World Religions
Followers of the Major World Religions look to the authority of their sacred texts and religious leaders to guide them in living their moral lives.
The teaching that is passed on through their religious tradition is also an important source or moral authority fo them.
Authority and Tradition are sources of morality for us.
We look to the voice of authority for education
and clarity; we look to the voice of tradition for
tried and tested experience and wisdom.
Christians believe that the Bible has written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.
Christians leaders have the authority to interpret
this living tradition for the Church community.
The Magisterium is the teaching authority of the Catholic Church. It is made up of the Pope and the bishops and it has the authority and the responsability to offer direction and guidance to Catholics on all moral issues.
The State puts rules and laws in place in order to help each person to respect themselves and others by keeping the moral code of society. The moral code of a society reflects its moral vision.
Religious Moral Vision
A religious moral vision is based on the set of beliefs, the sacred text and the life and teachings of the founder of each faith tradition. The moral choices of a believer give expression to that believer's religious moral vision.
Religious Moral Vision: Awareness of what is righ and wrong, as revelaed by the sacred texts or founder of a community of faith.
set of rules or laws
to guide behaviour
Moral view of the world, which reflects
one's own set of
The Christian moral vision is based on the example of Jesus' life.
"You shall love the Lord yur God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the greatest and the first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbour as yourself"
These two commandments sum up the Christian moral vision