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Transcript of The Renaissance
How did the European Renaissance spread throughout Europe?
How did the European Renaissance affect the fields of panting, sculpting, architecture, writing, math , anatomy, and astronomy?
Before the Renaissance art was:
showed a lot of devotion to god
During the Renaissance art was:
How did the printing press change the culture of the European Society?
The printing press influenced the European society in plenty of ways. Before, a person could produce a single book in about 5 months. A printing press could produce 500 books in the same amount of time. The books were cheap to buy, and the availability of the books made more people want to learn how to read. It also made the ideas spread quicker than ever. The printing press encouraged the authors to write in the vernacular. Authors wrote to readers in their own language. This allowed people to read the bible for themselves and learn. In all, the printing press fueled the spread of the Renaissance ideas. These ideas also led people to take a more critical look at the institutions around them, including the church.
Who were some of the people involved in the Renaissance and what were their contributes to the Renaissance?
What events caused the European Renaissance to happen?
How did the European Renaissance lead to cultural, scientific, and social changes throughout Europe?
Europeans before the Renaissance believed that religion was everything. People believed everything had a supernatural cause and effect.
But when the Renaissance made its way through Europe, more people thought in terms of science and realistically.
Why is the Humanist movement important to the birth of the European Renaissance?
During the Renaissance there was an increase in travel, so it spread. Trade was also a big part in the spread of the European Renaissance. When more people started traveling, people would take along their teachings, art, and beliefs. When the printing press was invented, more books and information was being published, which meant that ideas were being spread more quickly to other parts of Europe. All of these things impacted people and how the Renaissance spread.
One event that caused the European Renaissance to happen was the fall of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines moved to western Europe and took Greek and Roman books with them. The Italians were interested in them, so the Greek and Roman belief was back. This led to the Renaissance. Another event that caused the European Renaissance was the Crusades. A lot of trading occurred, and rivers opened with their trading. And the Silk Road reopened. All of this trading also led to the Renaissance.
The humanists of the Renaissance rediscovered the Latin and Greek classics
Humanist philosophy stressed the dignity of humanity
Humanists shifted intellectual emphasis off of theology and logic to specifically human studies
Some important people in the Renaissance were Leonardo Da Vinci, Michael Angelo, William Shakespeare, Johannes Gutenberg, Martin Luther and Marco Polo.
portrayed people in a realistic way
Leonardo Da Vinci was a painter, sculptor, musician and more. He was a perfect example of the Renaissance humanist ideal and was very important at the time of the Renaissance.
Renaissance architects based their theories and practices on Classical Roman examples
During the renaissance, writers began to work in the languages of their own people. Chaucer wrote in English, Dante in Italian. This meant not only could more people now read literary works, but their content became available to the ordinary person.
Nicholas of Cusa was interested in geometry and logic. He contributed to the study of infinity, studying the infinitely large and the infinitely small
Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus put forth a new theory during the Renaissance. He said that the Sun was the center of the universe and that the Earth and the planets orbited the Sun. Previous to the Renaissance, the theory that the earth was the center of the universe.
Michael Angelo was an Italian sculptor, painter and poet. He created many artworks and sculptures. One of his most famous sculptures was called the Statue of David.
William Shakespeare was an English poet who is called "The greatest writer in the English language". He used Greek and Roman classics while writing his plays.
Johannes Gutenberg was very important at the time of the Renaissance. He created the printing press. Without the printing press, many things would be different.
Martin Luther did many things such as breaking absolute power in the Catholic Church. This lead to the growth of science, art and philosophy.
Marco Polo was very important during the Renaissance. He was a traveler who found many things and invented things. He discovered many different things.
End of the middle ages
growth of nations
the black plague
the hundreds year war
decline in warfare and invasion
felt safe to travel longer distances
Silk Road (5,000 m)
ancient trade route that connected Europe with China.
view the road as dangerous
Mongol Empire secured & increased trade
classical texts & ideas
focused on human beings potential for achievement, stressed importance
better balance between intellect & religion faith
goal-> good life, happy life
Christianity, but thinking for themselves -> enjoy life and still be good Christian
experiment, explore, create
Petrarch, humanist leader, helped preserve the work of classical writers.
Renaissance 1300 - 1600
"rebirth" -> classical art and learning
began in Italy (artists & writers, cities, trading route), spread throughout Europe
Florence- Arno River, banking & clothing, largest, support
Patrons - Wealthy that supported artists financially
The Upper Class
studied classical texts & humanists ideas
nobles & wealthy merchants
men -> sophisticated & well rounded
women -> went to church and the market, overseeing their childrens education and supervising servants
Middle - Lower Classes
tradespeople & merchants
The most significant technological advancement in the Renaissance was the invention of the printing press. This invention built on earlier chinese technology known as the wood-block printing. During the mid-1800's, Johann Gutenberg used the moveable type to invent the printing press. The printing press was a machine that pressed paper against a full tray of inked moveable type. This machine completed the Gutenberg Bible.