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The Egyptians

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on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of The Egyptians

Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt.
They are none because of it`s pyramids, it pharaoh tutankhamun, and it importance in history.
Pharaoh is a title used in many modern discussions of the rulers of all Ancient Egyptian dynasties. The title originates in the Egyptian term pr ˤ3 , literally "great house", describing the royal palace .
The Egyptians
About how many years did egyptians exist and where did they live.
The ancient Egyptians lived for thousands of years ago. They lived along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt, where the first farmers settled along the river around 5000 B.C.
The estimate number of people neded to contruct the pyramid is 100000.
the most important pyramids are found in Giza and Cairo.
Egyptians today live in apartments, villas and palaces. Egypt is home to one of the first ancient civilisation. In ancient Egypt, people lived in houses made of bricks ; the bricks were made of mud and chopped straw.
Ancient Egypt's Culture and traditions
The ancient Egyptians built their houses with mud bricks, so that they could remain cool throughout the day.
Most houses were built around an open courtyard, which also had a small section for an open-air kitchen evidenced, by the presence of hearths.
The houses contained three, four or more rooms, depending on the status of the family. The most lavish houses that have been found on some of the ancient sites had been assigned to the nobles, and consisted of three sections, viz. the entrance area, the reception rooms, and the private rooms.

The pyramids are ancient temples, pyramid shaped that are tombs for pharaons
The most known pyramid Pyramid of Menkaure, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Pyramid of Khufu.

Egypt's economy was based on agriculture. The life depended on crop land flooded by the Nile They had a system of dams, ponds and irrigation canals that stretched all farmland. On the banks of the Nile Egyptian farmers cultivated many kinds of cereals. The harvested grain was stored in barns and then used to make bread and beer. The main crops were wheat, barley and flax.
Agriculture was focused on the cycle of the Nile There were three seasons: Akhet, Peret, and Shemu. Akhet, the flood season, lasting from June to September. After the flood was a layer of silt on the banks, enriching the soil for the next crop. In Peret, the planting season between October and February, farmers waited until the water was drained, plowed and planted, and rich soil. Finished the work, using dikes and canals irrigated. Shemu followed the harvest season from March to May, when harvested with wooden sickles.
Business transactions of the ancient Egyptians are not limited to the exchange of agricultural products or commodities, but there is also evidence of expeditions to nurture ornamental jewelry goods and the real treasure of the pharaohs, and sales activities of slaves, and including administrative or service charges in temples themselves.
Ramses The Great
Ramses II", who reigned for 67 years during the 19th dynasty of the 12th century BC, was known as "Ramses the Great". His glories surpassed all other Pharaohs, and Egypt reached an overwhelming state of prosperity during his reign. Not only is he known as one of Egypt's greatest warriors, but also as a peace-maker and for the monuments he left behind all over Egypt. He was the first king in history to sign a peace treaty with his enemies, the Hittites, ending long years of wars and hostility. The treaty can still be considered a conclusive model, even when applying todays standards.
His father was Akenaton who also was a very very famouse
Tutankamon was also named the king TUT.
tutankamon start its reign when he was only at a age between
9 and 10 years old he died when he was 18 years old.
When he died he put in the grave food,gold and his treasure,
because the egiptians think that when the king die it goes to a
knew live thats why they put all there belonglings in the grave.
tutankamon like very very much the cars when he was a little
kid and a grounap.
Tutankamon grave was very very important because it was the
only grave that was not sacked,this was named the
treasure of Tutankamon.
also there are legends of terro because there
they die a lot of important people.
The grave was found by howard carter in 1922 it was found
after 5 years of looking the Egipt,the place where he fouand the
grave of the king Tut was in the village of the kings.

The Egyptian language is a northern Afro-Asiatic language closely related to the Berber and Semitic languages.[118] It has the second longest history of any language (after Sumerian), having been written from c. 3200 BC to the Middle Ages and remaining as a spoken language for longer. The phases of ancient Egyptian are Old Egyptian, Middle Egyptian (Classical Egyptian), Late Egyptian, Demotic and Coptic.[119] Egyptian writings do not show dialect differences before Coptic, but it was probably spoken in regional dialects around Memphis and later Thebes.[120]
Ancient Egyptian has 25 consonants similar to those of other Afro-Asiatic languages. These include pharyngeal and emphatic consonants, voiced and voiceless stops, voiceless fricatives and voiced and voiceless affricates. It has three long and three short vowels, which expanded in Later Egyptian to about nine.[123] The basic word in Egyptian, similar to Semitic and Berber, is a triliteral or biliteral root of consonants and semiconsonants. Suffixes are added to form words. The verb conjugation corresponds to the person. For example, the triconsonantal skeleton S-Ḏ-M is the semantic core of the word 'hear'; its basic conjugation is sḏm, 'he hears'. If the subject is a noun, suffixes are not added to the verb:[124] sḏm ḥmt, 'the woman hears'.
Hieroglyphic writing dates from c. 3000 BC, and is composed of hundreds of symbols. A hieroglyph can represent a word, a sound, or a silent determinative; and the same symbol can serve different purposes in different contexts. Hieroglyphs were a formal script, used on stone monuments and in tombs, that could be as detailed as individual works of art. In day-to-day writing, scribes used a cursive form of writing, called hieratic, which was quicker and easier. While formal hieroglyphs may be read in rows or columns in either direction (though typically written from right to left), hieratic was always written from right to left, usually in horizontal rows. A new form of writing, Demotic, became the prevalent writing style, and it is this form of writing—along with formal hieroglyphs—that accompany the Greek text on the Rosetta Stone.
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