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Non-Formal Education (Oct 27 2015)
Transcript of Non-Formal Education (Oct 27 2015)
Two Systems Addressing a Key Need in Mae Sot
Migrant Education Sector Research
Mid-2014 with the support of the Pathy Family Foundation WE, SCI, HWF, FRY, and MECC initiated a thorough qualitative and quantitative research project called the MESR
This research looked to answer a key question:
"What is the best way to provide
for migrant children to access a
education in a
Founded in 1951 to meet the needs of the educationally disadvantaged, World Education has worked in over 50 countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, as well as in the United States. Working in concert with private, public, and nongovernmental organizations, World Education initiatives support effective local management and promote partnerships between local organizations.
Case #1: Kyaw San
Was born in Thailand at a migrant worker health clinic, has no birth registration, no ID card. Father is a mechanic and mother sells produce in the market in Thailand and earn about 350 USD per month, They have been in Thailand for 15 years.
He attends a community learning center that is not recognized that has up to grade 7. Parents plan to stay in Thailand, and prefer that Kyaw San continues at a community school.
Case #2: Cho Cho
Born in Kawkreit Township, Kayin State Myanmar and has no form of identfication. Attends a community school in Mae Sot, Thailand that is not recognized. Father was a soldier and lost a leg from a landmine, he is not able to work. Her mother sells vegetables door to door. They earn less than 50 USD per month. It is highly likely that Cho Cho will leave school with in the next two years and look to support her family.
The family has said they have no long term plans to stay in Thailand and will return to Myanmar if, "the situation is good."
So which of these 2 programs is the best fit for these children?
Myanmar Govt' School
Attend a Learning Center that has a partnership with a Myanmar Gov't School (or office) for formal recognition of Education
LC in Thailand
Thank you very much for your time and attention.
Reviewing 10 Years of the Cabinet Solution of July 5, 2005
Mae Sot, Thailand
Thai Non-Formal Education
Myanmar Non-Formal Primary Education
The Non-Formal and Informal Education Centre for the Special Target Groups has developed the Educational Institutions’ Primary Education Curriculum for migrant children and persons without Thai nationality aged 9 -15 years based on the strands of learning and learning standards in the Non-Formal Basic Education Curriculum 2008.
Central NFE introduce the NFE curriculum
Start the program in MS (the first group) 117 students
Start the second group, 72 students
Start the third group, 184 students
Total 373 students enrolled
10 Learning Centers
are currently running an NFE program
17 Other Learning Centers
are on the waiting list
16 Thai language teachers from MLCs -12 hired as NFE teachers
Thai language preparation 200 hours of training for students before sitting the exam
36.5% passed in the first group and 62.5% in 2015 after program
384 total students enrolled
Expansion of NFE program to Phop Phra
This program targets students aged 10-14 years old who are unable to attend formal education.
Drop out rate due to seasonal employment
Late hours for children and instructors
Communication and transportation
Lack of Thai language
4 core subjects - Burmese language, English language, Mathematics and General Subjects
6 days per week - 204 days or 510 hours
Township education officers from MoE Myanmar and World Education monitor the program
In 2014 Myawaddy Township Education Office under the Ministry of Education agreed to a program to offer the Non-Formal Primary Education Program in Phop Phra, Thailand where there was no NFE availability.
The NFPE project is administered by the Myanmar Literacy Resource Center in partnership with the Ministry of Education and UNICEF.
June 2014 –
Started the first program with 42 (M 16 + F26) students at 4 centers in Phop Phra around 40 km south of Mae Sot, Tak
March 2015 -
34 students took the Level 1 NFPE Final Exam
May 2015 -
100% of Level 1 Students (M 16 + F 18 = Total 34) passed the Level 1 NFPE Final Exam
June 15, 2015 –
37 (M 16 + F 21) students began the Level 2 NFPE class for the 2015/2016 school year
100% pass rate of first year exam compared with a national average of 89.5% - 34 students received certification
2 students from Phop Phra received an outstanding award and were 2nd and 3rd place in Myawaddy Division
Second year of program has been confirmed - regular visits and coordination with MLRC and Township
Salary costs covered through MLRC and UNICEF at 50,000 KYT per month
Instructors are formally recognized after two trainings (4 from Phop Phra so far)
Hand over process for program admin to Colobario Burmania
Recommendations and next steps:
Continue and extend
Community mobilization for awareness
Advocate for extension into a middle school equivalency program
Incorporate Thai language
Stability of Learning Centers and difficulty of parents understanding program
Sufficient number of Thai teachers at learning centers
Financial resources for running NFE program
and next steps
Expansion of programming to new schools and to new districts
Identify ways for teacher support
Community mobilization for increasing enrollment
Mechanism for transfer enrollment to RTG schools after NFE completion