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Norwegian History & Culture

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Taylor Tessitore

on 6 November 2012

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Transcript of Norwegian History & Culture

Norwegian History (1800s): From 1381-1814, Norway was under Danish control.
In 1814 however, it was given to Sweden as part of a peace treaty due to Denmark's alliance with Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars.
Sweden and Norway were in a loose union under this treay.
As as territory of Sweden, Norway maintained its own independent democratic constitution.
Towards the end of the 1800's there was more and more political unrest, leading to the recognition of Norway as a independent country in 1905. Facts On Norway: Official Name: Kingdom Of Norway (Kongeriket Norge)
Capital: Oslo
The Flag: The flag of Norway, adopted July 17 1821, designed by Fredrik Meltzer.
Population: 4,707,270
Area: 125,021 square miles (323,802 km)
GDP: $54,200
Unemployment Rate: 3.3% Connections to A Doll's House Honesty:
"...has been persistently poisoning his own children with lies and dissimulation; that is why I say he has lost all moral character." (Ibsen 35)

Independence:
"I only feel my life unspeakably empty. No one to live for anymore." (Ibsen 19)
"I must stand quite alone, if I am to understand myself and everything about me. It is for that reason that I cannot remain with you any longer." (Ibsen 68) Norwegian Romantic Nationalism Cultural Movement: There was a need to find a distinct national character despite being under Swedish control.
This is caused a rise of the Norwegian romantic nationalism cultural movement
Highly based on nostalgia and protecting the traditional country ideals
In the 40's & 50's many sought to establish the fairytales, folk songs, seperate hymn style, dances, customs and language of the past
This heavily influenced the cultural identity of Norway as a whole and the impact remains
Led to a heavy influence in Henrik Ibsen's works including a Doll's House Culture Of The 1800's In General: Language: Bokmål/Nynorsk
Religion: Mostly Christian & Catholic
Religion was looked to for moral compass of what was right and acceptable
Attitude: Tolerance, honesty, human kindness, and independence
Attire: Need to keep warm/ Keep up social apperances
Marriage/ Family: Typically was arranged based on social status, and families often had few children
Men were the dominant gender and women were meant to comply
Love came after job and social status
Art: The tradiotional art styles made important by the cultural movement meant that many saw art as important to their life
Socially: Maintaining a proper apperance was equal to how respected you are
Parties and gatherings were big events where the people dressed up and there was food and music
People tend to associate with those at the same level economcially as them During This Time: Taylor Tessitore- 2 Norwegian History & Culture In the Late 1800's: Norway was experiencing financial issues due to the Napoleonic Wars, but the upper class maintained a comfortable lifestyle
Starting in the middle of the century, there was a great expansion in industrialization and modernization of agriculture
There was a large emigration to the USA
Due to this, in the 1880's Labour Unions became big
Norway established a parliamentary govermnet in 1884
In the 1890's Norway built up armed forces and after drawn out negotiations, Sweden rejected them for a sepereate consular service
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