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Aashita Anand

on 4 December 2015

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Transcript of India

No. of listed languages in India - 461
Official languages - Hindi & English
No. of regional/provincial languages - 17
29 states and 6 union territories
Over 900 dialects spoken
7th largest country
2nd most populous (1.24 billion)
1 out of 5 people are INDIAN
Detailed Language Map:
Rajasthani Pagri - head gear
Kurta - Long shirt
Pyjama - Skinny long pants
Dupatta - Long scarf
Choli - Blouse
Ghagra - Long Skirt
Types of Punjabi Pagris
Ivory bangles (now plastic)
Link to Tribal Jewelry:
Phulkari (typical embroidery) Dupatta - Long scarf
Patiala Salwar - Long pleated pants
Indo-Aryan 72%
Dravidian 25%
Mongoloid and 0ther 3%
Hindu 80.5%
Muslim 13.4%
Christian 2.3%
Sikh 1.9%
Other 1.8%
Unspecified 0.1%
- Introduction to India - pre British (before the concept of what is INDIA today)
- India ruled by Muslims
- Impact/Influence in various areas:
- Architecture
- Arts & Crafts
- Language
- Music
- Religious conflicts

- Origins of Christianity in India are unclear
- Kerela is the 'cradle of Christianity in India'
- Most Christians in India are Catholics of the Latin Church
- Although spread throughout India - major populations are seen in South India, the Konkan Coast and North East India
- Hinduism is the oldest living religion
- No single founder, no single scripture, no commonly agreed set of teachings - hence not easy to describe
- Originated around the Indus Valley near the River Indus in modern day Pakistan
- Belief in a Supreme God, represented by multitude of deities which emanate from him
- Cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, governed by Karma
Paranda - Hair wear
Kurta - Long Shirt
Pathani Pants
Jutti - Footwear
Sherwanis - Long coats
- Born in the Punjab area (present day states of India and Pakistan)
- Began around 1500 CE, with GURU NANAK
- Nine Gurus followed Nanak and developed the Sikh faith and community over the next centuries
- Militarisation of the Sikhs & formation of Khalsa
Ek Onkar - One God
Golden Temple - Amritsar
- Remained one of the many small sects in India
- Main breakthrough came when King Asoka (270 - 232 BCE) converted to Buddhism
- He did not make it a state religion, instead supported all ethical religions
- He organized the spreading of Buddhism throughout India and Sri Lanka
- Ancient religion from India
- Aim of Jain life is to achieve liberation of the soul
- Teaches that the way to liberation and bliss is to live a life of harmlessness and renunciation

5 Great Vows - Mahavratas
1.Nonviolence (Ahimsa)
2.Truth (Satya)
3.Non-stealing (Asteya)
4.Chastity (Brahmacharya)
5.Non-possession/Detachment (Aparigraha)
- Lumiere Brothers introduced cinema to the sub-continent in 1896
- Bombay (Mumbai), the first Indian city to screen Cinematography
- Father of Indian Cinema, Dadasaheb Phalke
- India’s first ‘talking and singing’ film – Alam Ara made by Ardeshir Irani and screened in Bombay in 1931
- Global recognition in the '90s - investments by 20th Century Fox, Sony Pictures, and Warner Bros including Zee, UTV and Adlabs
The Trinity
Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva (Mahesh)
Made in India - Alisha Chinoy
Pop '90s
Recent Pop Hit
Kolaveri Di - Dhanush
Punjabi Folk
Haani Jago - Boliyan
Iconic Indian Song
Mile Sur Mera Tumhara - Unity in Diversity
- With a population of a billion and an electorate of over
700 million - India is the world's largest democracy

- Unlike the American political system and the British political system (which essentially have existed in their current form for centuries) the Indian political system is a much more recent construct dating from India's independence from Britain in 1947

- Political Parties are either a National Party or a State Party - To be considered a National Party, a political party has to be recognized in four or more states and to be either the ruling party or in the opposition in those states

- Indian Congress Party is the leading party in the Centre-Left political coalition called the United Progressive Alliance (UPA)

- Bharatiya Janata Party is the leading party in the Right-wing political coalition called the National Democratic Alliance (NDA)

- New formation - Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)

Kaftan - Long loose fitting shirts
Kashmiri Kadhai - Embroidery
Full transcript