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Honors English: The Great Gastby

September 2014
by

John Meehan

on 8 October 2015

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Transcript of Honors English: The Great Gastby

"They were careless people, Tom and Daisy--they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made..."
1. 50 crates of fruit
2. Chauffeur with an Invitation
3. Owl Eyes in the library
4. Gatsby and the hydroplane
5. The car accident
"I have been
just twice in my life... so
everything that happened has a dim, hazy cast over it..."
"You ought to have a church, George, for times like this. You must have gone to church once. Didn't you get married in a church? Listen, George, listen to me. Didn't you get married in a church?"
- Mavro Michaelis
“God, but life is loneliness, despite all the opiates, despite the shrill tinsel gaiety of "parties" with no purpose, despite the false grinning faces we all wear. And when at last you find someone to whom you feel you can pour out your soul, you stop in shock at the words you utter - they are so rusty, so ugly, so meaningless and feeble from being kept in the small cramped dark inside you so long. Yes, there is joy, fulfillment and companionship - but the loneliness of the soul in its appalling self-consciousness is horrible and overpowering.”

-- The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath
F. Scott Fitzgerald
(1896-1940)
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Born in St. Paul, Minnesota
Buried in Rockville, Md.
Coined the term "The Jazz Age"
Married Zelda Sayre in 1920
Famous for drinking and parties
One daughter, Scottie, in 1921
Chapter 9
The Roaring Twenties
1920-
1933
Warm-Up:
What things stand out to you about this film trailer?
What are your first impressions of each of the following:
flappers
prohibition
jazz music
First impressions play a major role in this novel.
Jordan
Nick
Daisy
Tom
Gatsby
East Egg
West Egg
The Great Gatsby:
Classic Adventures for iPad
Free download (first eight levels)
Complete game (44 levels) for $4.99
"I have been
just twice in my life... so
everything that happened has a dim, hazy cast over it..."
How does this photograph relate to the end of chapter one?
How does this photograph relate to the end of chapter one?
+ TJ Eckleberg
+ Myrtle Wilson
+ A dog
+ The McKees
+ Broken nose
The Valley of Ashes
George B. Wilson
Myrtle Wilson
What are your first impressions of:
Dr. T.J. Eckleburg
DRUNK
Waste

Destruction

Immorality
1920's Feminism in Focus:
There are some nights I hold on to every note I ever wrote
Some nights, I say "---- it all" and stare at the calendar
Waiting for catastrophes, imagine when they scare me
Into changing whatever it is I am changing into...

And you have every right to be scared.

Cos there are some nights I hold you close, pushing you to hold me
Or begging you to lock me up, never let me see the world
Some nights, I live in horror of people on the radio
Tea parties and Twitter, I've never been so bitter
And you, why you wanna stay?
Oh my God! Have you listened to me lately?
Lately, I've been going crazy...

And you, why you wanna stay?
Oh my God! Have you listened to me lately?
Lately, I've been going crazy...

There are some nights I wait for someone to save us
But I never look inward, try not to look upward
And some nights I pray a sign is gonna come to me
But usually, I'm just trying to get some sleep...

Some nights!
David Belasco
American theater producer and playwright, famous for his incredibly authentic set pieces and stage decor.
"All I kept thinking about, over and over, was 'You can't live forever; you can't live forever"
(Fitzgerald 36).
"I like large parties. They're so intimate. At small parties there isn't any privacy"
(Fitzgerald 49).
INNUENDO
EXCESS
WASTE
DECEPTION
"Dishonesty in a woman is a thing you never blame deeply" (Fitzgerald 58).
FIRST IMPRESSIONS
What evidence supports the claim that Gatsby is genuine and down-to-earth?
What evidence supports the claim that Gatsby is shady or disingenuous?
Why does Gatsby make a series of "home improvements" on Nick's house?
What does this reveal about Gatsby?
How does Gatsby behave before the afternoon tea?

What about during the tea?

After the tea?
"I wouldn't ask too much of her,"

I ventured.

"You can't repeat the past."


"Can't repeat the past?"

he cried incredulously.

"Why of course you can!"
"I felt that Tom would drift on forever seeking a little wistfully for the dramatic turbulence of some irrecoverable
football game."
"I’m glad it’s a girl. And I hope she’ll be a fool — that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool" (Fitzgerald 17).
what do these quotes reveal about the role of women in the 1920s?
"People underestimate the power of nostalgia. If baseball can use it to get people to care about that worthless sport, then I can use it to get my siblings to care about the farm. Nostalgia is truly one of the great human weaknesses, second only to the neck."
-Dwight Schrute
Is nostalgia a GOOD thing or a BAD thing? Why?
Other Rejected Titles
What's wrong with this photo?
Trimalchio

Trimalchio in West Egg

On the Road to West Egg

Gatsby
Before we look at rejected titles, let's talk about how we feel about the chosen title, "The Great Gatsby."
Trimalchio is a character in the 1st century AD Roman work of fiction Satyricon by Petronius.

Trimalchio is a freedman who through hard work and perseverance has attained power and wealth.

Trimalchio is known for throwing lavish dinner parties.

He seeks to impress his guests—the Roman nouveau riche, mostly freedmen—with the ubiquitous excesses seen throughout his dwelling.
Get to know Trimalchio
F. Scott Fitzgerald agonized over what to title this book. He re-titled the book nearly a dozen times, and made endless rewrites.
Does it fit?
What do you make of this word "great" to describe Gatsby?
Among Ash Heaps and Millionaires

Gold-Hatted Gatsby

The High Bouncing Lover

Under the Red, White, and Blue
"If it wasn't for the mist we could see your home across the bay," said Gatsby. "You always have
a green light
that burns all night at the end of your dock" (Fitzgerald 92).
“They’re such beautiful shirts,” she sobbed, her voice muffled in the thick folds. “It makes me sad because I’ve never seen such — such beautiful shirts before" (Fitzgerald 92).
What's in a name?
"Don't judge a book by its cover..."
Francis Cugat
painted the cover art for Gatsby in
1925
. He was commissioned to paint the piece before the book was even completed.
"Oh, it's nothing underhanded. Miss Baker's a great sportswoman, you know, and she'd never do anything that wasn't all right" (Fitzgerald 71).
Daisy
Gatsby
Tom's Car
Gatsby's Car
Nick
Jordan
Tom
On the ride to NYC...
Daisy
Gatsby
Tom's Car
Gatsby's Car
Nick
Jordan
Tom
On the ride home...
"You loved
me
too
?" he repeated.
Seeing Daisy's daughter has an profound impact on Gatsby.
WHY?
why did Gatsby fire his entire house staff?
and what does this reveal about him?
"It was when curiosity about Gatsby was at its highest that the lights in his house failed to go on one Saturday night — and, as obscurely as it had begun, his career as
Trimalchio
was over."
"They're a rotten crowd," I shouted across the lawn. "You're worth the whole damn bunch put together."
"I told her she might fool me but she couldn't fool God. I took her to the window [...] and I said 'God knows what you've been doing, everything you've been doing. You may fool me but you can't fool God!'"
"God sees everything," repeated Wilson.
"Gatsby believed in the
green light
, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that's no matter--tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther. . . . And one fine morning----

So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past" (Fitzgerald 180).
"The poor son-of-a-bitch."

Rise from bed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.00 A.M.
Dumbbell exercise and wall-scaling . . . . . . . . 6.15-6.30 "
Study electricity, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.15-8.15 "
Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.30-4.30 P.M.
Baseball and sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.30-5.00 "
Practice elocution, poise and how to attain it 5.00-6.00 "
Study needed inventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.00-9.00 "

GENERAL RESOLVES

No wasting time at Shafters or [a name, indecipherable]
No more smokeing or chewing
Bath every other day
Read one improving book or magazine per week
Save $5.00 [crossed out] $3.00 per week
Be better to parents
What does the incident with the dog biscuits reveal about the true nature of Tom Buchanan's character?
"MAVRO"
Greek word for "black."
SCAN THIS QR CODE
TO READ THE BOOK ONLINE
(DOWNLOAD THE FREE QR READER APP)
Facts Questions Reactions
When you make a
JORDAN
TOM
NICK
DAISY
YIK YAK:
what are people saying?
what dirt or rumors could be swirling?
INSTAGRAM: what's their image?
+ Nick Carraway
+ A dog
+ Bond business
+ Daisy and Tom
+ Some woman in New York
Write a brief summary of chapter 1. You must include each of the following terms:
SNAPCHAT:
who is this person snapchatting?
and what are they snapchatting?
The narrator says that his family came from the mid-west. This means he's not originally from New York (3).
Why is this guy using so many big words? Who
is he trying to impress? (2)
The Buchanans have everything, but they're miserable. I'd love to have their money, but not their drama (19).
FIRST IMPRESSION
what sorts of things do you notice, observe, or judge?
Nightly Homework:
Finish reading this chapter and make sure you have a total of 10 items (mix and match) on your FQR chart.
Remember: Each item needs TWO SENTENCES and a PAGE #!
It seems like this narrator is kind of a jerk. He claims to be non-judgmental, but he's pretty arrogant.
DRUNK
DRUNK
DRUNK
Tom Buchanan
Myrtle Wilson
Nick Carraway
Mr. McKee
THE
TOWN TATTLE:
TOWN TATTLE:
GET ALL THE NEWS & GOSSIP ON
LONG ISLAND'S RICH & FAMOUS!!!
"I’m glad it’s a girl. And I hope she’ll be a fool — that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool" (Fitzgerald 16-17).
"No — Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it is what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men" (Fitzgerald 2).
"In consequence, I’m inclined to reserve all judgments, a habit that has opened up many curious natures to me and also made me the victim of not a few veteran bores" (Fitzgerald 1).
"The idea is if we don’t look out the white race will be —will be utterly submerged. It’s all scientific stuff; it’s been proved" (Fitzgerald 13).
"Reserving judgments is a matter of infinite hope."
TWITTER: what are they saying?
"You must know Gatsby"
(Fitzgerald 11).
(Fitzgerald 29)
Create a dating profile
you'll want to describe:
physical traits
personality
interests
hobbies
dislikes
(make sure to include page numbers)
Write a brief summary of chapter 2. You must include each of the following terms:
+ Valley of Ashes
+ George B. Wilson
+ Catherine
+ Catholic
+ Portfolio
+ Train
+ Garage
+ Apartment
+ Divorce
+ Photographer
Tom's Apartment Party
25 years old
East Egg, NY
The Girls in Yellow
Jay Gatsby
+ Alcohol Intake
+ Shady Behavior
+ Personality
+ Color Imagery?
Owl Eyes
+ Alcohol Intake
+ Library Books
+ Car Accident
+ Symbolism?
+ Alcohol Intake
+ Conversations
+ Party Behavior
+ Color Imagery?
Jordan Baker
+ Alcohol Intake
+ Party Behavior
+ Moral Character
+ Color Imagery?
Party Guests
+ Alcohol Intake
+ Conversations
+ Party Behavior
+ Color Imagery?
Write 1-2 sentences for each of these items. Explain how it appeared in ch. 3, and give insight to what it might be revealing.
Summary:
Symbolism:
"Cover up" violence with gossip (magazines)
Tom's private life is violent
Spills RED blood on a WHITE couch
RED = violence, WHITE = purity
Tom buys a
female dog
for his mistress, Myrtle. At party in Tom's
secret apartment
, Tom
breaks Myrtle's nose
, spilling
blood all over the couch
. They mop up the bloody mess with

a tabloid
.
Tom views females as inferior
FEMALE DOG
APARTMENT
BROKEN NOSE
FANCY COUCH
TABLOID
You can tell a lot about a person by the company that they keep.
TOM'S "FRIENDS"
Daisy Buchanan (ch. 1)
Myrtle Wilson (ch. 2)
Jordan Baker (ch. 3)

GATSBY'S "FRIENDS"
Nick Carraway (ch. 1)
The Police (ch. 4)
Meyer Wolfsheim (ch. 4)
What sort of people are...
"Yeah, Gatsby's very careful about women. He would never so much as look at a friend's wife" (Fitzgerald 72).
"Meyer Wolfsheim? No, he's a gambler. He's the man who fixed the World's Series back in 1919 [...] They can't get him, old sport. He's a smart man" (Fitzgerald 73)
"We passed a barrier of dark trees, and then the facade of Fifty-ninth Street, a block of delicate pale light, beamed down into the park. Unlike Gatsby and Tom Buchanan, I had no girl whose disembodied face floated along the dark cornices and blinding signs..." (Fitzgerald 80).
What do we learn in this chapter about:
Jay Gatsby
Meyer Wolfsheim
Jordan Baker
Tom Buchanan
Daisy Buchanan
"Anything can happen... Even Gatsby could happen..."
What is IRONIC about Mr. Wolfsheim's role in fixing the outcome of the World Series?
AMERICA'S PASTIME
What does
this "fashion accessory" reveal about Mr. Wolfsheim?
"Oggsford" college
A white card
Cufflinks
String of pearls
Afternoon tea
I
ntroduce
C
itation
E
xplain
E
xpand
If you had to write an essay on The Great Gatsby, what topic would you select?
In (_______), (________) uses:
a)
b)
c)
in order to show/prove (______).
work
author
theme
support #1
support #2
support #3
WHAT DOES "ROMANCE" LOOK LIKE TO:
Tom and Daisy
Tom and Myrtle
Myrtle and George
Gatsby and Daisy
Nick and Jordan
(chapters 1 & 4)
(chapter 2 & 4)
(chapter 2)
(chapters 3 & 4)
(chapters 4 & 5)
If you had to write an essay on The Great Gatsby, what topic would you select?
In (_______), (________) uses:
a)
b)
c)
in order to show/prove
The Great Gatsby
F. Scott Fitzgerald
that the loosening sexual behaviors of men and women in the 1920s were destroying traditional values of romance and love.
relationship #1
relationship #2
relationship #3
1. What does Gatsby break at Nick's house
(and why might this be symbolic)?
Write 1-2 sentences for each of these items. Explain how it appeared in ch. 5, and give insight to what it might be revealing.
"Daisy put her arm through his aurptly, but he seemed absorbed in what he had just said. Possibly it had occurred to him that colossal significance of that light had now fanished forever. Compared to the great distance that had separated him from Daisy it has seemed very near to her, almost touching her. It had seemed as close as a star to the moon.
Now it was again a green light on a dock
. His count of enchanted objects had diminished by one" (Fitzgerald 93).
2. What makes Daisy cry at Gatsby's house
(and why might this be symbolic)?
3. Who was Dan Cody
(and why might this be important)?
5. Why did Gatsby lose interest in the green
light (and why might this be important)?
4. What songs does Klipspringer play on the
piano (and why might this be important)?
COLOR CHARACTER(s) IMAGES SYMBOLISM
GREEN
YELLOW
GRAY
WHITE
RED
BLUE
TJ Eckleberg
Gatsby's Chauffeur
Myrtle Wilson
Catherine

New books
Bloody Nose
Gatsby "collects rubies"
Eckleberg's eyes
Gatsby's pools
Chauffeur's outfit
Daisy Buchanan
Jordan Baker
The Party Guests
(or "golden")
Lemon rinds
Gatsby's car exterior
Yellow dresses
decay, wastefulness,
excess, corruption
hope, dreams, envy
violence, sexuality. anger, energy
tranquility, peace, reflection, stillness
Jay Gatsby
George Wilson
Daisy's light
Gatsby's car interior
James Gatz' clothes
Images from Daisy's girlhood
Gatsby's police card
Gatsby's outfit to meet Daisy
The Valley of Ashes
Rainy weather
Gathering party "moths"
innocence, purity,
sinlessness
lifelessness, death,
lack of energy
Sylvia Plath
(1932-1963)
(Fitzgerald 110)
(Fitzgerald 6)
Please write 2-3 complete sentences for each answer.

1. What does James Gatz have to do with the Tuolamee?

2. Who inherited the bulk of Dan Cody's fortune? Why?

3. Why hasn't Gatsby contacted Nick for weeks?

4. What was Daisy handing out at the party? Why?

5. Gatsby says he needs Daisy to do something. What is it?
Possible Research Topics
1. Dreams vs. Reality
for your unit essay on "The Great Gatsby"
Can you name three types of "decaying morals" in The Great Gatsby?
Ask yourself: "what is the author trying to say about..."
5. Symbolism in Modernist Literature
2. Moral decay of the 1920s
3. The value of appearances
4. Waste and the Lost Generation
What kinds of dreams do characters chase in this novel?
There is lots of conversation about noses, faces, and outfits in this book. Why?
Can you identify three different types of things that were wasted in the Jazz age?
How else (besides color imagery) does Fitzgerald use symbolism in this book?
How does the author use color imagery to reveal a deeper message?
THE FUTURE
Chapter 6 Recap
FQR Chart Check
PollEverywhere Survey
"Under the Red, White, and Blue"
QR Code Group Brainstorming
Library Visit on Friday
THE PAST
THE PRESENT
Today's Agenda:
September 24-25, 2014
1. Dreams vs. Reality
5. Symbolism in Modernist Literature
2. Moral decay of the 1920s
3. The value of appearances
4. Waste and the Lost Generation
Quotes from a (fake) database article
"Jay Gatsby's America" by Kurt Dawkins
"In chapter 7, Gatsby's dreams come crashing down."
"The hotel party is the height of the Buchanan's decadence."
"A case of mistaken identity proves tragic for Myrtle Wilson."
"The novel's climax contains loss of love, dreams, and life."
"Nick's 30th birthday signals an end to his carefree 20s."
"It takes two to make an accident."
- Jordan Baker (ch. 3)
MLA Citation Basics
First appearance = author's full name/title
Subsequent appearances = last name only
Every paragraph = primary and secondary source
But never put two quotes back to back
"This is a sample sentence" (Fitzgerald 124).
How does this poem relate to chapter 8 of
The Great Gatsby
? Use text evidence to support your claim.
Gatsby and Daisy's Courtship
Michaelis in the Valley of Ashes
Gatsby's Final Impressions of Daisy
The Holocaust at the Pool
George Wilson's Discovery
In the poem
"Harlem (A Dream Deferred)," Langston Hughes warns that people without hope and dreams can sometimes "explode" (32).
This is exactly the case of George Wilson in The Great Gatsby. After losing his wife to a senseless car accident, Wilson feels his dream of moving west with her and starting a new life has been completely destroyed.
Blinded with rage, Wilson seeks retribution for his wife's senseless murder, and he goes to the home of Jay Gatsby to exact his revenge, which he takes in the form of a grisly murder-suicide that the author describes as a "holocaust" (Fitzgerald 162)
. This proves the same thing that Hughes' poem had so ominously predicted, as Wilson's "dream deferred" ends with an explosion of violence.
Primary Source: "The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald\
Secondary Source: "Harlem (A Dream Deferred)" by Langston Hughes (32)
(Psalm 23:4)
"So he invented just the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen-year-old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end" (Fitzgerald 98).
Fitzgerald 159
Fitzgerald 154
Fitzgerald 157
What are the last things we see/hear about:
1. Klipspringer
2. Wolfsheim
3. Owl Eyes
4. Jordan
5. Tom
Fitzgerald 179
"And as the moon rose higher the inessential houses began to melt away until gradually I became aware of the old island here that flowered once for Dutch sailors’ eyes — a fresh, green breast of the new world.
Its vanished trees, the trees that had made way for Gatsby’s house, had once pandered in whispers to the last and greatest of all human dreams; for a transitory enchanted moment man must have held his breath in the presence of this continent, compelled into an aesthetic contemplation he neither understood nor desired, face to face for the last time in history with something commensurate to his capacity for wonder" (Fitzgerald 180).
"He had come a long way to this
blue
lawn, and his dream must have seemed so close that he could hardly fail to grasp it"

(Fitzgerald 180).
"She looked like a good illustration, her chin raised a little jauntily,
her hair the color of an autumn leaf, her face the same brown tint as the fingerless glove on her knee
" (Fitzgerald 177).
Fitzgerald 175
Header / Title
Page Layout / Works Cited
Introductory Paragraph / Thesis
Body Paragraphs
Essay Formatting Basics: "Appearances matter, old sport!"
Conclusion Paragraph
6. Slagle (on the phone)
7. Catherine
8. Henry C. Gatz
9. The Party Guests
10. Nick Carraway
Party girls don't get hurt
Can't feel anything, when will I learn?
I push it down, push it down

I'm the one "for a good time call"
Phone's blowin' up, ringin' my doorbell
I feel the love, feel the love

1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, drink
1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, drink
1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, drink

Throw 'em back 'til I lose count

I'm gonna swing from the chandelier, from the chandelier
I'm gonna live like tomorrow doesn't exist
Like it doesn't exist
I'm gonna fly like a bird through the night
Feel my tears as they dry
I'm gonna swing from the chandelier, from the chandelier

But I'm holding on for dear life,
Won't look down, won't open my eyes
Keep my glass full until morning light,
'Cause I'm just holding on for tonight
Help me, I'm holding on for dear life,
Won't look down, won't open my eyes
Keep my glass full until morning light,
'Cause I'm just holding on for tonight
On for tonight
Sun is up, I'm a mess
Gotta get out now, gotta run from this
Here comes the shame, here comes the shame

1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, drink
1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, drink
1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, drink

Throw 'em back 'til I lose count

I'm gonna swing from the chandelier, from the chandelier
I'm gonna live like tomorrow doesn't exist
Like it doesn't exist
I'm gonna fly like a bird through the night
Feel my tears as they dry
I'm gonna swing from the chandelier, from the chandelier

But I'm holding on for dear life,
Won't look down, won't open my eyes
Keep my glass full until morning light,
'Cause I'm just holding on for tonight
Help me, I'm holding on for dear life,
Won't look down, won't open my eyes
Keep my glass full until morning light,
'Cause I'm just holding on for tonight
On for tonight

On for tonight
'Cause I'm just holding on for tonight
Oh, I'm just holding on for tonight...
"CHANDELIER" - SIA
"Everything that happens once can never happen again. But everything that happens twice will surely happen a third time."

- Paolo Coelho,
The Alchemist
UNDER THE RED, WHITE AND BLUE
M-A-V-R-O
I
C
E
E
ntroduce
itation
xplain
xpand
PSAT Review

Gatsby Micro Paper Overview

Podcast Recap

Video

Chapter 7
TODAY'S AGENDA
Full transcript