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Sam Buemi

on 5 August 2014

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Transcript of Egoism-Ch3

Egoism v. Altruism
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
So, is Psychological
Egoism True?
Do People Help others for their own
Ethical Egoism
Individual Egoism
Psychological Egoism
self-interest as the foundation of morality
selfless concern for the well-being of others
People are basically selfish
People will do what is best for them
Abraham Lincoln & the Pig example in textbook
Is this Innate or Instinctual?
Difficult to prove this theory!
For validity, people must act
within their self interests/satisfaction.
What's the flip side?
Doing something because one "ought" to is its own reward
Good model for children
only individuals should
seek their own interests
Universal Ethical Egoism
Everyone should seek their own interests
Is Ethical Egoism
A "Good" Theory?
It's about what we "ought" to do!
Lets Break this Down
Grounding in Psychological Egoism
Derivation & Econ. Theory
People motivated by their own
self interests seems to be a poor reason
Not consistent.
Does this mean we should support others seeking their OWN self interests?
Based off Adam Smith
Invisible Hand
People Motivated by Incentives
Conformity to Common Sense Morality
Self interest makes sense except when not useful
Is Torturing animals acceptable if in our self interest?
Moral Point of View
Is morality incompatible with Ethical Egoism?
Is an individualist
Person Moral?
Examples of selfishness in society/individual?
Why Be Moral At all?
Harmful to take another person's point of view?
Limits Wars & Conflicts
Invisibility Ring.....
When given the chance,
people will not be good
Are people generally selfish or altruistic?
Consider theory about motivation
Is valid when people act with aim of achieving self satisfaction
One treats other well because they them self want to be treated well
Still egoistic, but also how one "ought" to help others.
Full transcript