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Year 10 Personal Development

Self-Esteem, Friendship, Relationships and Contraception

Megan Meulenbroeks

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Year 10 Personal Development

In this unit we will be looking at who we are as individuals and how we relate to others
Year 10 Personal Development
Self esteem
What I like about me!
The real meaning of Sexuality
Friendships -
Good and Bad

Self esteem is a level of confidence we have in our abilities, appearance and who we are as individuals. It is how we view ourselves and it can affect how we relate to those around us.
1. In your books number 1-5 down the page.
Write in 5 things that are great about you!

2. Once you have finished write 2 sentences about how you found doing this and why you think it was easy/difficult?
What I Like about Myself...
Our sexuality is a huge part of us, we cannot be separated from our sexuality because it effects so much of who we are as a person
Taha Tinana
- Physical Well-being
A method of looking at
all parts of a person
Taha Hinengaro
- Mental and Emotional Well-being
Taha Whanau - Social Well-being
Taha Wairoa
- Spiritual Well-being
Using the worksheet provided find a person in the class who matches each statement. You must move out of your chair and you can only use one person once.
STARTER: Find Someone Who...
Our Friendships
How to treat others and be treated
Over the course of our lives the relationships we make with others help shape who we are.
We need to make sure we choose friends who bring out the best qualities in us and we must do the same for them.
In your book list down the top 5 qualities a good friend should have. Once you have finished share them with your neighbour
In groups of around four fill in the lists beside the snakes and ladders board with things a good friend or a bad friend might do.
Good Friends and Bad Friends
In Your books Number down 1-10 and respond to each statement with the following answers:

Always - Often- Sometimes - Seldom - Never
Am I a Good Friend?
The Facts
Birth control or Pregnancy control
What does the word CONTRACEPTION mean?
Natural contraceptive methods are good for couples to allow them to control when having children.

The Catholic Church says NO to artificial contraceptives as they prevent sexual intercourse leading to the creation of new life.
The Catholic Church Teachings
Two small rods that are inserted under the skin of the under arm.
The rods contain a synthetic form of the hormone Progesterone which is slowly released in small doses to prevent eggs being released from the ovaries.
Failure Rate:
1% chance of becoming pregnant for the first 4 years then chance increases during the 5th year (no STI protection)
Works for 5 years, reversible
Cost, need local aesthetic for insertion, bruising and sore arm, removal can be more painful, can cause irregular heavy bleeding or spotting, pelvis pain, headache, weight gain.
Artificial Con. – The Rod
A small device put in to the uterus by a Doctor
Alters the Uterine environment so that it is hostile to sperm.
Failure Rate:
Doesn’t interfere with love making.
May cause more bleeding and cramping during periods, if a woman become pregnant it must be removed, increased chance of pelvic inflammatory disease, if pregnancy occurs it can be in the fallopian tubes (ectopic).
Intra-Uterine Device - IUD
Only used in an emergency with in 72 hours after sexual intercourse.
Contains artificial hormones which prevent further egg development so pregnancy cannot continue by irritating the lining of the cervix.
Can get it from pharmacies or doctors.
Failure rate:
2% but can increase with the more time after sex
Prevents unwanted pregnancy if other contraceptives have failed
Must be taken within 72 hours, can make women vomit or feel sick. It is abortion because it prevents a fertilised egg from implantation in the uterus lining.
Artificial Con. -The Morning After Pill
A rubber cap that fits inside a vagina over the opening of the womb (cervix).
Is often used with a contraceptive jelly or cream that helps to kill sperm
Must be fitted by a nurse or doctor to make sure it is the correct size for the person
Failure Rate:
2% if inserted and used correctly, 18% if not
Used only when needed, can protect against some STIs
Can be difficult to put in and take out, can be messy, must be left in place 6-8 hours after intercourse, irritation due to latex.
Artificial Con. -Diaphragm
An injection every 11-12 weeks with an artificial hormone.

It stops ovaries releasing an egg each month

Must be prescribed by a doctor

Failure rate:
is less than 1%

it lasts up to 12 weeks, no periods

Irregular periods or no periods, can take up to 1 ½ years to return after stopping the injections, mood swings, depression, anger management.
Artificial Con. -The Jab
A hormone controlling pill which is taken every day at the same time.
These can contain hormones: either progesterone only or a combination of estrogen and progesterone (there are lots of different types) – Doctor prescribes
They work by either stopping the ovaries releasing eggs each month OR by thickening the mucus inside the uterus
Failure rate:
depends on the type of pill – can be less than 1% or 2-4% if taken correctly or much higher if not taken correctly
Less bleeding and cramping during periods, doesn’t interfere with love making
changes in weight, mood swings and breast tenderness, must remember to take it at a set time each day, doesn’t protect against STIs, links to some cancers.
Artificial Con. - The Pill
Also known as a Joey or a Rubber

It fits over an erect penis and catches the sperm when a man ejaculates

Failure Rate:
There is a 5% chance of getting pregnant if fitted correctly (10% if not)

Easily available from supermarkets etc, can protect from most STIs

Some people are allergic to latex, can rip or burst, does not protect against genital warts, anecdotal failure rate may be higher.
Artificial Con. -Condoms
A family planning method which is based on tracking the females fertility cycle using mainly vaginal mucus changes, temperature, and dates of the female’s menstruation patterns as guides to the stages of the female’s fertility.

This is used by many married couples to either increase or decrease the chances of pregnancy.

It is a natural way of conceiving or avoiding pregnancy

This method does not protect against STIs.
Natural Con. -Natural Family Planning
Abstinence is the only contraception method which gives a 100% assurance of avoiding pregnancy and STIs.

The Catholic Church teaches people to save sexual intercourse until marriage.

This is when there is a loving, strong and committed relationship.

This loving action strengthens the marriage bond between the couple.
Natural Con. - Saying NO
Contraception methods can fit in to two main categories:

Natural contraception
This category allows for control over pregnancy by avoiding any interference with natural body systems.
I will talk about 2 methods today which are accepted by the Catholic Church and other religions

Artificial contraception
These are artificial methods of preventing pregnancy and in some cases the spread of STIs
These are not recommended by the Church as they act to inhibit the natural process of becoming pregnant.
Types of Contraception
As we have seen, females are only fertile at specific stages of their monthly cycle.
This cycle is controlled by hormones which can be manipulated by contraceptive drugs to stop them from being fertile.
Female Fertility
Sex Has a Price Tag
What were some of Pam's key messages from part 1?
What is Pam saying in Part 2?
What is Pam's key message from part 3?
What does Pam mean when she says girls should demand respect from guys?
What is the rule Pam outlines in Part 5?
Comments and Questions?
The Perfect Man
The Ideal Guy
In groups of 3 and 4 collect a piece of paper and some pens. Draw the outline of a person on your A3 paper.

List down all the qualities you think are important in an ideal guy. Emotional/mental on the inside and physical on the outside.
You have 10 min
The Ideal Girl
On your next piece of paper do the same thing for girls, listing down all of the qualities guys look for in girls.
Questions for discussion
Using your books number down 1 - 5 and respond to the following questions using the quality posters you have made and your own knowledge.
Be prepared to report back.
1. On your groups posters count all the physical qualities and write in your book the number of physical vs non-physical for each poster.
2. Are physical or non-physical qualities more important in a relationship? Why?
3. If a relationship was based on physical qualities, what could be some of the consequences for this?
4. Can we judge what a person is like from their physical qualities? Why/Why not?
5. Why do you think we have completed this activity today?
1. I really listen to what others have to say.
2. I send only positive messages to others via social media and texting.
3. I make others feel important.
4. I encourage others to make safe choices.
5. I make other people feel comfortable when they are with me.
6. I tell my friends when they have offended or hurt me.
7. I avoid back stabbing and spreading rumors about my friends.
8. I avoid making fun of others.
9. I try to see others point of view.
10. I ask questions to show my interest in others.
How many responses did you answer with always?

Using your responses from the quiz finish the following sentences

I am a good friend because .............

I could be a better friend by ............
Ground Rules
We need to come up with a list of sensible ground rules for our Personal Development unit. We must approach this topic with maturity and respect the values, boundaries and privacy of others at all times.
We, 10__ will...
7) ....

Questions, Queries, Concerns..
Before we begin this unit, you have the opportunity now to anonymously ask any questions you have regarding sexuality...
On the paper provided write down any questions you have, big or small, and place them in the box at the front of the room. This will be done in silence as you will be thinking of your own questions
You may find that many of your questions will be answered as we make our way through this unit. Others may be addressed more specifically.
When we see the word ....
Many people may automatically think...
But it is sooo much more than that!
We are technically 'sexually located' beings...
Think about it: If you were trying to describe yourself to someone who has never seen you before what is one of the first things you would say to narrow down your appearance for them?
When filling out a personal form what is one of the first things you are asked to say about yourself after your name?
The Holistic View
Although we do identify as male or female, our 'sexuality' is about more than just our gender or genitals...

Sexuality is every part of a person, it is their personality, their gender, their appearance, their development, their thoughts, their spirituality, their emotions, their relationships, EVERYTHING!
We will read through the 'Christian's Journey to Wholeness' together...
Today and in your next lesson you will create a collage all about you as a whole, balanced and fully alive person on one piece of A4 paper
In your collage you should include pictures and words which positively represent you in each of these 6 categories :
Emotions - moods, feelings etc
Physical - what do you look like etc
Sexuality - being comfortable, expressing yourself etc
Social - friends, family and activities you do with them
Intellectual - interests and strengths
• Spiritual – Beliefs, values and your well-being
Between now and our next class you should collect a range of resources - old magazines newspapers, printed images etc that you can use to construct your collage in class.
Coloured pencils, felts and paper will be provided.
(the act and/or our gender)
What is it???
Having high self-esteem and being arrogant are NOT the same thing. Viewing yourself positively and having confidence in your gifts and talents is an important part of living a happy healthy lifestyle
Ladder - Good Friend: You are honest with your friend when she asks you for feedback on her outfit
Snake - Bad Friend: You are rude to your friend when she asks you for feedback on her outfit
Grab some counters and dice and play the game!
When you land on a square with the bottom of a ladder read the matching number from the 'Ladder - Good Friend' list before climbing.
When you land on a square with the head of a snake read the matching number from the 'Snake - Bad Friend' list before sliding down.
Is this Love?
He Loves me,
He Loves me not...
In your books divide a blank page into four quarters and in large block letters write one of the letters - L.I.F.E. in each of the boxes like so...
We are going to move through the letters one at a time and I will explain the different kinds of relationships they stand for.
As I read the explanation I would like you to write down all of the words you can think of/ hear which relate to this kind of relationship.
To start with we are going to look at four basic kinds of relationships and how they are different from each other
Day dreams
Total involvement
Deep mutual respect
Take for granted

A Christian Declaration of Values
Some specific values Christians hold regarding our bodies...
Our bodies are good, they are from God
Growing as a sexual person is a process with a pattern and a direction
Our bodies develop towards physical sexual maturity
They become capable of intercourse and the procreation of a child
This process is from God and is good
This process of maturing and growth towards becoming a person who is capable of procreation is one of the greatest things in life
So it is important to know all about it. That is why the Church supports sex education
It is important to care for our bodies
Get yourselves into groups of four. Brainstorm together everything which comes to mind when thinking about...
You will now be given a diagram of the female reproductive system, in your groups try to label the parts correctly!

Fallopian Tube

Front view:
Side view:
After your growth from being a new born baby to a young child, puberty is the second of two large growth spurts you will experience in your lives.
Now you will be given a diagram of a male reproductive system, again in your groups try to label the parts correctly...

Prostate Gland
Seminal Vesicle
Vas Deferens
Front view:

Vas Deferens
Side view:
Complete the True or False questions to see what you know now about the physical changes of adolescence
Keeping Track...
Follow the instructions on the handout you are given to create your own tracking chart.
It is important for you, as the caretakers of your own body, to keep track of the changes that may occur on a month to month basis. Today we are going to work on creating and easy way to do this
Lets see what you know already about the male and female reproductive systems...
Fill in the blanks on the 'Test your Knowledge' sheet using the words provided
Men are (obviously!) very different to women.
When it comes to male fertility, they are potentially fertile from the time they go through puberty and start producing sperm, right up until their death!
Women on the other hand are very different. We also become fertile as we go through puberty but unlike men, we are only potentially fertile at a certain stage in our menstrual cycle...
This is the period. It generally lasts between 3-7 days
This is sometimes referred to as the 'dry' stage between the period and ovulation. here the lining of the uterus begins to thicken again after shedding during the period.
This is the most fertile time in the females cycle. Usually any sperm would not be able to survive in the dry and inhospitable conditions in the cervix. But before ovulation occurs (when an egg is released from the ovaries) a mucus is produced which the sperm can live in while they wait for an egg to fertilize.
The woman is again infertile during this time. The uterus' lining continues to thicken in preparation to potentially support a fertilized egg but if conception has not occurred after ovulation the egg will fade away and the lining will shed itself. This is the period and the cycle begins all over again.
Day 1-5 (Menstruation):
Day 6-10
Day 11-18 (ovulation)
Day 18-29 (the luteal phase)
Please take down the notes from the following diagram in your books under the heading
'The Fertility Cycle'
AKA 'Warm Fuzzies' or 'Self Esteem Cards'. You will make one of these each year in Religious Education during your time at St Mary's so by the time you leave you will have 5 lovely cards
You will now be given one A4 piece of paper.
Fold the paper in half to make a card.
On the front write your name nice and clearly and decorate it as you wish.
When finished we will arrange the cards on desks around the room.
Everyone will stand, and taking a pen with them, will move around the room to write POSITIVE comments in each persons card.
Please make sure you write in every card and make your comments meaningful – really think about that person and what you consider to be their strengths or the qualities you admire in them.
Compliment Cards
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