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Peter Guatno

on 25 August 2013

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Philippine Philosophy
~ is made up of the intricate and composite interrelationship of the life histories of it's people
Jose Rizal
his concept of the importance of education is enunciated in his work entitled: "Instruction"
he maintained that the backwardness of his country was not due to the Filipino's indifference, apathy or indolence
to elevate the country to the highest seat of glory and to develop the people's mentality
he claimed that only through education could the country be saved from domination
his philosophy centers on the provision of proper motivation in order to bolster the great social forces that make education a success
he was nurtured to be a propagator of Catholic traditions
later in his life, he developed a life philosophy of a different nature, a philosophy of a different Catholic practice intermingled with the use of Truth and Reason
he did not agree with the prevailing Christian propagation of the Faith by fire and sword. This is shown in his Annotation of Morga's Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas
He did not believe in Catholic beliefs such as:
salvation is only for Catholics
fasting as a sacrifice

He did not like the idea of selling religious items such as cross, medals, rosaries, etc. in order to propagate the Faith and raise church funds
he also lambasted the superstitious beliefs propagated by the priests in the church and in the schools
in his political view, a conquered country like the Philippines should not be taken advantage of but rather should be developed, civilized, educated and trained in science of self-government
he bitterly assailed and criticized in publications the apparent backwardness of the Spanish ruler's method of governing the country which resulted in:
the bondage and slavery of the conquered
Spanish government's requirement of forced labor and force military service upon the natives
over exploitation
ruling that any complaint against the authorities was criminal
making the people ignorant, destitute and fanatic
Rizal's Guiding political philosopy proved to be:
study and application of reforms
extension of human rights
training for self government
arousing of spirit of discontent over oppression, brutality, inhumanity, sensitiveness and self love
Rizal's ethical philosophy was based in the study of human behavior as to whether it is good or bad.
the fact that the Philippines was under Spanish domination during Rizal's time led him to subordinate his philosophy to moral problems
to bolster his ethical philosophy, Dr. Rizal had recognized not only the forces of good and evil, but also the tendencies towards good and evil
To support his ethical philosophy in life, Rizal:
censured the friars
counseled the Filipinos
advised the masses
censured the priests
advised everyone
Rizal's Social Philosophy dealt with:
man in society
influential factors in human life
racial problems
social constant
social justice
social ideal
poverty and wealth
youth and greatness
history and progress
future Philippines
The 1st President of the Philippine Commonwealth from 1935 until his death
"show me people composed of vigorous, sturdy individuals, of men and women healthy in mind and body, courteous, industrious, self-reliant, purposeful in thought as well as in action, imbued with sound patriotism and profound sense of righteousness, with high social ideals and a strong moral fiber, and I will show you a great nation, a nation that will not submerged, a nation that will emerge victorious from the trials and bitter strife of a distracted world, a nation that will live forever, sharing the common task of a distracted world, a nation that will live forever, sharing the common task of advancing the welfare and promoting the happiness of mankind"
Manuel L. Quezon
Apolinario Mabini
He was born in Talaga, Tanuan City Batangas

A.K.A. "Sublime Paralytic"
Wrote the Constitution for the 1st Philippine Republic
1st Prime Minister in 1899
"thou shalt cultivate the special gifts which had been granted thee, working and study according to thy ability, never leaving the path of righteousness and justice in order to attain own perfection"
Camilo Osias
A Resident Commissioner born in Balaoan, La Union
Philippine representative to the Interparliamentary Union in Rome and to the International Trade Conference in Genoa in 1948
"School has an important role in the development of dynamic nationalism and internationalism in relation to democracy in the education of the youth"
"High educational institution should do more to turn out graduates who can think logically, scientifically, and creatively"
"Our education should instill love for work, spirit of tolerance, respect for law, love for peace, and practice of thrift"
"After peace is established, all our efforts will be directed to Americanizing ourselves, to cause a knowledge of the English language to be extended and generalized in the Philippines, in order that through its agency the American spirit may take possessions of us, and that we may so adopt its principles, its political customs, and its peculiar civilization that our redemption may be complete and radical"
Rafael Palma
uses the power of the pen not only to free his countrymen for colonial rule but also to liberate them from intellectual stagnation
Lived a simple life. Died poor but lived a riched life
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