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Transcript of patristic period
October 3, 2012 The Patristic Period This period of literature encapsulates roughly the years 70 AD to 455 AD, which belongs to the larger period classified by the years 1200 BC to 455 AD, known as The Classical Period. The patristic period is the fourth and final part of the classical period, which blends into the early Medieval Period, specifically the Anglo-Saxon, or Old English, Period, which consists of the years 428-1066.
During this period, the writings of the early Christian church begin to materialize, since the death of John who was the last apostle. Divisions within the church on doctrines and the like were sorted out, as well as final versions of creeds and the writing of prominent theologian essays and epistles. What This Period Is About Saint Justin Martyr
Saint Irenaeus of Lyons
Saint Cyprian of Carthage
Saint Gregory of Nyssa Notable Authors Portion of a Timeline Justin Martyr was born around 100 AD. He became a convert to Christianity in 130, becoming an apologist and defending the religion until his death for the faith in 165.
His primary areas of concern were in the areas of Asia Minor and Rome.
Famous works of his include "The First Apology", addressed to Emperor Titus, as well as "Dialogue with the Jew Tryphon".
This theologian brought Greek philosophy to the defense of the message of Jesus Christ, bolstering his arguments with discussion of logos. Saint Justin Martyr (Apostolic) Saint Justin Martyr
http://archive.org/details/TheUnityOfTheChurchByStCyprianOfCarthage Sources Saint Irenaeus of Lyons (Ante-Nicene) The exact year of Irenaeus' birth is not known; researchers speculate between 115 and 130. Yet his death is recorded better, as being in or close to the year 200.
This bishop's best known and best documented work is Adversus haereses, which is a five book treatise that defends Christian teaching against Gnosticism, the doctrine that theorized the world had been made and was operated by a lesser type of god, called the demiurge, and that the Christ represented this removed being; thus knowledge Christ would lead to salvation. However, this knowledge was esoteric, that is, limited to a selected few. St. Irenaeus of Lyons Saint Cyprian of Carthage Saint Cyprian was born around 200 AD in the northern sector of Africa and lived for nearly sixty years, converting to the Christian religion near the age of forty-five.
He supported unity throughout the Christian church, evidenced by his well-known work On the Unity of The Catholic Church, in which he stressed the importance of making this unity visible and safeguarded by the bishops. Saint Cyprian of Carthage (Ante-Nicene) Saint Gregory of Nyssa Gregory of Nyssa was born in central Turkey around the year 334. He became a priest around 360 and died 35 years later.
While he was alive he wrote various works on the Christian faith, such as the treatise On The Making of Man, Great Catechism, and Commentary on the Song of Songs. The first one discusses God as being the creator who revels in his creation, the world. The other two works are powerful examinations of theology, respectively analyzed systematically and by contemplation. St. Gregory of Nyssa (Post-Nicene) The following presents an excerpt from On the Unity of The Catholic Church, written by Saint Cyprian of Carthage around the year 250 AD.
It is representative of the period by several points evident in its context. An Excerpt From This Time Period "5. And this unity we ought firmly to hold and assert, especially those of us that are bishops who preside in the Church, that we may also prove the episcopate itself to be one and undivided. Let no one deceive the brotherhood by a falsehood: let no one corrupt the truth of the faith by perfidious prevarication. The episcopate is one, each part of which is held by each one for the whole. The Church also is one, which is spread abroad far and wide into a multitude by an increase of fruitfulness. As there are many rays of the sun, but one light; and many branches of a tree, but one strength based in its tenacious root ... yet the unity is still preserved in the source. Separate a ray of the sun from its body of light, its unity does not allow a division of light; break a branch from a tree—when broken, it will not be able to bud; cut off the stream from its fountain, and that which is cut off dries up. Thus also the Church, shone over with the light of the Lord, sheds forth her rays over the whole world, yet it is one light which is everywhere diffused, nor is the unity of the body separated. Her fruitful abundance spreads her branches over the whole world. She broadly expands her rivers, liberally flowing, yet her head is one, her source one" On The Unity of The Catholic Church This literary piece identifies itself with the patristic period by personal and impersonal, subjective and objective, associations. These include the year it was written, the diction, style, and symbolism of the author, as well as other similar components.
On The Unity of the Catholic Church was written around the year 250 AD, falling between the time span 70 and 455 AD.
Beyond this concept, evidence is further prevalent through language. Analysis The author defends the Christian faith by his words "let no one corrupt the truth of the faith by perfidious [treacherous] prevarication [ambiguity]."
He goes on to relate the Church to an inseparable whole, the source of light for many rays, the root that extends its branches.
To sever connections with fellow churches would cause the faith to dry up, represented by the phrase "that which is cut off dries up."
Combining the spirit of the churches would enhance its possibilities and potential to persevere as a holy institution, to shine the "light of the Lord" over all the Earth.
This idea of spreading the faith strongly reflects the nature of the patristic period. Language of the Excerpt Types of Fathers http://www.blueletterbible.org/commentaries/comm_view.cfm?AuthorID=29&contentID=8333&commInfo=80&topic=History%20&%20Authenticity%20of%20the%20Bible Sources (cont.) Works Written During This Time Not Found in the Bible http://paganwiccan.about.com/c/ec/9.htm