Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Naming Compounds

A comprehensive description on naming compounds in Chemistry. Includes ionic, covalent, polyatomic, and acids
by

Scott Glass

on 1 February 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Naming Compounds

Naming Compounds
Type II
Covalent
Polyatomic
Acids
Ionic + Nonmetal
Nonmetal + Nonmetal
"more than two atoms"
Have an H cation
Type I
Ionic Metal + Nonmetal
Nonmetal + Nonmetal
Covalent
Ionic Metal + Nonmetal
Polyatomic
Acids
Type I
Type II
Ionic + Nonmetal
Have an "H" in front
"more than two atoms"
Multiple Oxidation
Nickel(I) oxide
1 mono- (never with first element)
2 di-
3 tri-
4 tetra-
5 penta-
6 hexa-
7 hepta-
8 octa-
9 nona-
10 deca-
CO
N I
3 2
aluminum nitrite
NO
Al
-
3+
2
Al(NO )
2 3
Metal
2. add "-ide" suffix to the anion
ex: NaCl
sodium chloride
___
1. the cation is named as normal
ex: calcium chloride
___
Cl
Ca
2+

-
+ charge
=
- charge
CaCl
2
Contains a metal with more than one possible charge.
1. Include the charge of the metal.
2. add -ide to the second element
______
CuO =
Cu
O
2+
2-
= Copper(II) oxide
Multiple Oxidation
Metal
Cu O=
Cu
O
2-
= Copper(I) oxide
+
Cu
+
2
Ni
O
+
2-
Ni O
2
=
NOTE: the numeral refers to charge and not the subscript
ONLY use prefixes with
carbon
mono
xide
tri
nitrogen
di
odide
NH OH
4
ammonium hydroxide
4
+
-
NH
OH
Naming Formula: A B
x y
Writing Formula:
First word = cation with standard charge
Second word = anion with standard charge
use subscripts to balance
Covalent Compounds
two nonmetals
are bonded together
prefixes give the number of each atom in the molecule since the charges cannot balance
List of Prefixes
Names of Polyatomic ions are in a list. Name these as part of the same rules for Type I or II compounds
The list gives all names, formulas, and charges for polyatomic ions.
Parentheses are used to denote multiple polyatomic ions
Charges must balance since these are ionic compounds

Use parenthesis around the original polyatomic ion for multiples
Acids are compounds with H ions
They are always dissolved in water
+
To name acids, find the anion.
H is always the cation.
+
anion = monatomic ion
Name = hydro_____ic acid
DOES
THEN
IF
anion = polyatomic ion
IF
?
DOES
?
anion ends with "-ate"
anion ends with "-ite"
Name = ______ic acid
Name = ______ous acid
Name = hydro_____ic acid
NAMING
WRITING FORMULAS
_____ gives the element to pair with hydrogen cation
Name = ______ic acid
_____ gives the anion ending with "-ate" to pair with hydrogen cation
Name = ______ous acid
_____ gives the anion ending with "-ite" to pair with hydrogen cation
+
Full transcript