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Learning Theories

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Lauren Rall

on 13 February 2014

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Transcript of Learning Theories

Cognitivism is a learning theory that focuses on how information is received, organized, stored, and retrieved by the mind. Cognitivism views the mind as an information processor, like a computer. Cognitivism emphasizes retention and recall through the use of quality teaching practices. Instruction should be organized, sequenced, and presented in a manner that is understandable and meaningful to the learner.
Learning Theories
Lauren Rall
EDTC 4001-005

Behaviorism is a learning theory based on the idea that behavior can be controlled or modified based on the antecedents and consequences of a behavior. A behavior will only occur if given the right environment or antecedent. The behavior is more or less likely to reoccur based on the reinforcements or consequences that follow, such as rewards or punishments.
John B. Watson (1878-1959)
was a psychologist who coined the term "behaviorism"
Use this Learning Theory in Your Classroom!

~Offer rewards/incentives for completing assignments
~Put in place penalties when acceptable behavior is not followed.
Jean Piaget (1896-1980)
developed the theory of Cognitivism based on observations of schemas, assimilation/accomodation, and the stages of development.
Use this Learning Theory in Your Classroom!

~Use graphic organizers to help structure and relate content
Constructivism is a learning theory that equates learning with creating meaning from experience. Learning is more meaningful to students when they are able to interact with a problem or concept. Constructivism can help engage and motivate students by making them take a more active role in the learning process. Constructivism uses interactive teaching strategies to create meaningful contexts that help students construct knowledge based on their own experiences.
John Dewey (1859-1952)
was an American philosopher for group investigation and social learning. He is one of the most well-known constructivist theorist.
Use this Learning Theory in Your Classroom!

~Allow students to role play/Plan simulations
~Propose topics to debate
~Engage students with cooperative learning groups
Let's Review!!

McLeod, S. A. (2007). Behaviorist Approach. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/behaviorism.html

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