Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Red Scare

No description
by

Bryan Josloff

on 14 January 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Red Scare

The Red Scare
Bolshevik Revolution
The revolution led to the rise of the "Reds"
-They called themselves the "Reds" to symbolize the blood shed by the working class to accomplish their goals.
-The power they gained here inspired the fear in the U.S.
-They successfully assassinated the Romanov family and a fear of that occurring in the U.S was rising.
Introduction
Shortly after WW1 and the Bolshevik Revolution, the Red Scare came to the United States.
The Red Scare is a small time period between 1918 and early 20's, where fear of communists, socialists, and anarchists spiked in the US.
Specifically fear of immigrants of Russia
The Sacco-Vanzetti Case
1919 bombings
April, 1919 mail bombings
anarchists mailed bombs to politicians, like the attorney general of the united states, judges, businessman(John D. Rockefeller), and R.W Finch(Bureau of Investigation field agent)
identical packaging and timed to arrive on may day, the day of celebration of organized labor and the working class.
June 1919 bombs
8 bombs, much larger than the April bombs went off at the same time in several U.S cities
the targets were our Attorney General Palmer(2nd time), Massachusetts state representative, and a New Jersey silk manufacturer
they traced where the flyers came from to an anarchist print shop but never had enough evidence for a prosecution
A paymaster and a security guard were killed during an armed robbery of a shoe company
The authorities found that Mike Boda was involved but he had already fled to Italy so they grabbed his colleagues(Nicola Sacco, Bartolomeo Vanzetti)
America formed a fear of communism and radical politics which made them anti-communists and anti-immigrants.
Sacco and Vanzetti, used this to get support and lots of money was raised for their defense
The Judge was known to hate "Reds", so even the support from people didn't help. They were found guilty.
The American embassy in Paris was bombed in response to the Sacco-Vanzetti case and a second bomb intended for the embassy in Lisbon was intercepted.
Sacco and Vanzetti were sent to prison for 7 years. On Aug. 24th, 1927, they were executed by the electric chair.
1920's Happenings
There was said to be about 150,000 anarchists or communists in America in 1920 alone. Which meant 0.1% was in the overall population.
In January, A. Mitchell Palmer, Attorney-General, had multiple raids, had federal agents break into homes, of whom they suspected were anarchists, with out search warrants.
Cops only found 3 guns out of all of the homes
More than 4,000 people were arrested and put into prison in January
Many released a few weeks later
Propaganda
Tension rose in the US also because President McKinley was shot by an anarchist.
Works Cited Page.

There was an immense fear of communism that americans had during this time.This fear was formed from images, actions, and depictions that were seen and heard. Turning this into a mass hysteria.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Red_Scare#April_1919_mail_bombs
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-sacco-vanzetti-case-draws-national-attention
http://edmethods.com/tag/red-scare/
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/red_scare_1920s_America.htm
http://www.ushistory.org/us/47a.asp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palmer_Raids
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/saccov/redscare.html
End of the Red Scare
-People were starting to question how the Attorney-General A. Mitchell Palmer, was conducting his raids. And the press began to become more aware of him conducting searches without warrants and deporting people with no evidence.
- As the public lost faith in the Attorney-General, they also seemed to think less and less of The Red Scare.
-The Red Scare seemed to have died down by the summer of 1920. And in the 1930's Russia and the US were starting to become allies for World War II. And the Red Scare was left behind them!
USA Strikes&Fears "Crimes against Society"
After WWI, the first major strike was in 1919, a Seattle ship yard had 60,000 workers on strike. From Jan-Feb.
No violence or arrest, but people just labeled them as "Reds", because they were trying to start a revolution like the Wobblies aka I.W.W.(Socialists who objected WWI, and who seemed unpatriotic).
In September, Bostons police force went on strike. Many feared the "Reds" were behind the whole thing.
To stop the strike, the police men that went on strike were not allowed to return to their job, and they would be replaced with a new police force. During the strike many scofflaws used the opportunity to commit several minor crimes and get away with it.
Also in that September, 365,000 steel workers went on strike.
The strike was 90% effective.
Three quarters of Pittsburgh's steel mills were shut down.
America feared that all of the strikes would lead to a Communist Revolution! Helping the Red Scare take affect.

"Ed Methods." Ed Methods. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

"First Red Scare." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 01 Mar. 2014. Web. 09 Jan. 2014.

"Palmer Raids." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Dec. 2013. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

"The Red Scare in the 1920." The Red Scare in the 1920. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

"The Red Scare." The Red Scare. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2014.

"The Red Scare." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

"The Sacco-Vanzetti Case Draws National Attention." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.
"Ed Methods." Ed Methods. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

"First Red Scare." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 01 Mar. 2014. Web. 09 Jan. 2014.

"Palmer Raids." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Dec. 2013. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

"The Red Scare in the 1920." The Red Scare in the 1920. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

"The Red Scare." The Red Scare. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2014.

"The Red Scare." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

"The Sacco-Vanzetti Case Draws National Attention." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.

"MuseumRedScare1920 - The Red Scare of 1919-1920." MuseumRedScare1920 - The Red Scare of 1919-1920. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.
Multiple bombings, strikes, and assassination attempts took place during this time, and the communist were always blamed
"The Soviet Ark"
-The USS Buford was built in 1891 to transport passengers across the Atlantic Ocean.
-In 1919, Buford was transferred to the navy for the use of forced deportation.
-Received it's nickname from the press for deporting "Reds" across the Atlantic
-After the first Palmer Raid, the Soviet Ark deported around 250 "Reds" to the Soviet Union.
-As these deportations became more frequent, a second Soviet Ark was called for by the press, but the Red Scare ended before this was required.

Full transcript